An Afternoon at UVM’s Horticulture Research and Education Center
By Ernesto Méndez (ALC/PSS) and Rachel Leslie (CALS)
Many UVM students take pride knowing that over 25% of campus food comes from local/community-based, fair, ecologically sound and humane food sources. What they may not know is that a portion of that food is cultivated by UVM students just a few miles from campus at UVM’s Horticulture Research and Education Center (HREC).
Last Friday, the Department of Plant and Soil Science hosted a tour of HREC, bringing students, facility and other visitors from across campus to see the facility in action and learn more about its various education and research programs.
“I was surprised by the variety of plants and size of the farm, considering the location,” said plant biology major Mackenzie Laverick, who attended the HREC tour.
Nestled in the peri-urban/suburban landscape of South Burlington, VT, the nearly 100-acre facility revolves around a three-pronged mission of fostering research, education and specialty crop production. Having been purchased by UVM in 1952, the facility has a rich history of research and education in agronomy, horticulture, and more recently, in ecological agriculture and agroecology.
There are 15 research projects underway this year, including research on invasive pests and diseases that affect apples, grapes, and vegetables. For education, the HREC hosts the Farmer Training Program (FTP), a 6-month intensive program for aspiring farmers and food systems advocates, and several undergraduate courses use the farm as an outdoor classroom. Apples, grapes, organic vegetables and broiler chickens comprise the production portion – sold through a CSA, a farmstand, the Old North End Farmers Market and UVM dining halls.
“I know about CSAs, but I didn’t know that a UVM farm had one,” said Molly Mathes, a food systems major who first learned about the HREC through one of her courses and had never been to the facility before the tour. “I think taking a class there would be fun,” she said.
Upon arriving for the tour, HREC director and plant and soil science research assistant professor Terence Bradshaw introduced the farm and its mission. After enjoying fresh apples and carrots grown on the farm, the visitors learned about some of the research projects underway, including plant and soil science lecturer Annie White’s work establishing pollinator habitats at the farm.
Farmer Training Program co-director Rachel Stievater discussed the farm’s educational mission. The Catamount Educational Farm, which comprises approximately 10-acres of the HREC facility, offers students and faculty the opportunity to learn and research hands-on specialty crop production and marketing. Through summer courses at the Catamount Educational Farm, UVM undergraduate students work side by side with students in the Farmer Training Program gaining hands-on experience in organic farming, crop planning and diversified farm management – the foundations of agroecology. Bradshaw concluded the tour with an educational walk through the grape and apple research plots.
“The objective of the tour was to show the farm, and the educational and research opportunities it offers, to members of the UVM and Burlington community who might not know of it,” said Bradshaw. “We were pleased to have students and faculty in attendance from many UVM programs and colleges.”
The Plant and Soil Science Department is working hard with Bradshaw, Stievater, and Farmer Training Program co-director S’ra DeSantis to strengthen programs at the farm.
“We want to continue the good work, but also expand and support other UVM research and education endeavors related to agroecology, sustainable food systems, and landscape management,” said Ernesto Mendez, chair of the department. “More specifically, we believe the HREC provides ample opportunities for High Impact Educational Practices (HIEPs) as well as outreach and non-credit programs.”
ALC and Groundswell International Co-Host Agroecology Conference at the University of Vermont (UVM)
The ALC and Groundswell International are co-organizing the global conference on “Collaboration to Amplify Agroecology“. This event is the result of the formalization of a partnership between UVM’s Agroecology and Livelihoods Collaborative (ALC), in the UVM Plant and Soil Science Department (PSS), and Groundswell International. For several years, Groundswell and the ALC have been collaborating and working on strengthening our partnerships. Both organizations are committed to using agroecology to better understand and transform our current food systems into ones that are more sustainable and socially just. ALC has strengths in agroecology and participatory action research (PAR), while Groundswell conducts bottom-up, local agroecology projects with farmers and communities in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
This event will showcase some of Groundswell’s projects and people, and engage participants in a dynamic and reflective methodology to discuss how to deepen our collaborations in agroecology-related work. We hope participants will be able to collectively learn, network and genuinely connect with each other.
Re/New Alliances: Working towards farmer-scholar collaboration for food sovereignty in North America (this blog is a re-post taken, with permission, from the AgroecologyNow! website)
by Jahi Chappell, Saulo Araujo & Ernesto Mendez
The Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR) at
Coventry University (UK) recently hosted a workshop to “collectively
strengthen relationships, learning/analysis and collaboration for people
who are involved in research and knowledge work that advances movements
for agroecology and food sovereignty”. We are grateful to have
participated, and for the deep and thoughtful organization and
facilitation that allowed us to move this objective forward. As scholars
and organizers seeking to strengthen agroecology and food sovereignty
in the North American context, we used the workshop as an opportunity to
discuss potential actions for the future. This blog sets out some of
this thinking and highlights the need for renewing collaborations
between academic researchers and grassroots movements groups, based on
building trust and mutual understanding.
Read the first blog in this series on Indigenous Peoples by Carol Kalafatic here.
What is the relevance of agroeocology and food sovereignty in the North American context?
As a region, North America has always played a key role in the
implementation of food and agriculture policies worldwide. The
governments of Canada and the United States, for instance, have opposed
language around food sovereignty and agroecology in international
treaties and processes at the United Nations. Despite the views of
supposedly “efficient” food and agriculture policies in North America,
grounded on the trade agreements of NAFTA, the agricultural sector in
the region has been dominated by large agribusinesses producing commodities,
and not food. As a result of these policies, thousands of small-scale
and indigenous farmers from Mexico have left their plots to work in the
fields of the US and Canada in subpar living conditions, and many
working under the stress of being undocumented.
Farmers and fisherfolk in the US are also living under constant
threat of losing their land and boats to banks and other creditors.
Instead of providing a fair share to food producers, the current
policies only benefit banks, and international agribusinesses. Because
of these conditions, every year — since the 1970’s — fewer are able to
stay on the land, with farmers representing less than 2% of the US
The alternative political, ecological, and even epistemological
worldviews offered by agroecology and food sovereignty present key tools
for organizing and analyzing more equitable and just alternatives in
North America. In particular they provide effective ways to challenge
both the internal and external colonizing legacies of North America.
How have these movement(s) in North America advanced so far?
The real solutions to the growing food insecurity in North America
can be found, on the ground, across the region. However, these
initiatives receive little attention from policy makers and scholars.
Yet agroecological practices developed by small-scale farmers and
fisherfolk represent hope – a way to simultaneously end hunger and to
“cool the planet”.
From this perspective, alliances between grassroots groups,
supporting non-profits and scholars play an essential role to ‘scale
out’ — by supporting the leadership of food producers – and ‘scale up’ —
by building enough power to press for better policies. It is in those
spaces that rural and urban communities are working to build a path to
scale out agroecology towards food sovereignty in North America,
learning from the on-going work of following the same steps as others,
such as those aligned with La Via Campesina International and other
global social movements. These coordinated global efforts are at the
front and center of the struggle of millions of families worldwide, for
material gains (access to land and resources, healthy foods, and
stewardship of land, water and biodiversity) and immaterial necessities
(defending farming and fishing as a way of life).
Some of the initiatives that have been taking root in North America
include the People’s Agroecology Process, a grassroots-led space which
is currently formed by African American and Native American groups and
farmer and farmworker organizations from the US, Puerto Rico and Canada.
For the past ten years, the US Food Sovereignty Alliance (USFSA) has
brought together rural and urban organizations for the advocacy of food
sovereignty and agroecology. And the Agroecology Research and Action
Collective, a broadly defined scholars’ group, is dedicated to
coordinating respectful and effective efforts between researchers and
How are scholars contributing to advancing agroecology and food sovereignty in North America?
In the U.S., agroecology has a long history within academic
institutions. Steve Gliessman, Miguel Altieri, Sunny Power, Deborah
Letourneau, Dick Levins, Ivette Perfecto and John Vandermeer (among
others), have represented pioneering agroecological thinking, based
within U.S. universities, since the 1970s. (And other U.S. pioneers who
may not have called themselves “agroecologists” are increasingly
recognized, from George Washington Carver to Booker T. Whatley and Owusu
Bandele.) However, the linkage between these scholarly efforts was not
historically linked to social movements in the U.S. More recently, a new
wave of agroecology scholars has sought to more intentionally make this
connection; an effort that resulted in the creation of the Agroecology
Action Research Collective (ARC).
The creation of ARC was spurred by conversations about an
“Agroecology Forum” in North America, and strong encouragement from
grassroots allies to “get our house in order” so that supportive
scholars can act collectively, and more effectively, in solidarity for
change. What are we willing to commit? What are our political
commitments? And how do we make sure we can be relied upon to show up,
and be collectively responsible, to frontline allies? These are several
of the questions ARC was formed to answer.
Since its creation several years ago, ARC has engaged in the
following activities: 1) convening sessions in academic forums for
dialogue between grassroots actors and scholars; 2) Attendance at
coalition spaces such as the USFSA Meeting; 3) Creation of a document of
principles and protocols for engaged scholarship in agroecology; and 4)
the composition of an Open Letter on how a Green New Deal can
incorporate agroecology. Several groups have already reported making use
of ARC’s principles and protocols, with some seeking to adopt them for
their own work. In monthly calls and several working groups, ARC
continues to lay the foundations for ethical and effective solidarity
and action for agroecology and food sovereignty in the U.S.
What is the importance of scholar-grassroots organization collaborations?
For too long, institutions in academia followed a path defined to
protect the interests of few. Universities were built on ancestral lands
of indigenous people whose chances to enjoy the fruits of study and
reflection with others under the imposed systems were almost null.
Further, farmers, fisherfolk, indigenous people and pastoralists, whose
labor and knowledge is the basis of all sciences, have often had this
knowledge and labor captured, unrecognized and uncompensated, through
academic extractivism. It is unjust and intellectually inconsistent with
science’s supposed principles to take advantage of such knowledge and
labor. In other words, it is past time to advance free, prior, and informed consent for the nonmaterial world.
The most important academic institutions are public and/or heavily
funded by taxes. Hence, the creation of all knowledges should be the
path to the benefit of all. It is the duty of all to redirect the path
of academia towards the building of a dignified life, grassroots
democracy and the Rights of Mother Earth.
What is the way forward?
There is urgency for the emergence of a broader coalition of allies
to advance food sovereignty globally. Farmworkers, farmers, fisherfolk,
indigenous people, scholars and consumers are building alliances towards
that goal. Their organizing efforts such as ARC, USFSA, Climate Justice
Alliance, HEAL Alliance, La Via Campesina and many others are important
political actors as well as building blocks of a path to reclaim land,
food, rights and knowledge from neoliberal policies and institutions.
A broader alliance between rural and urban people is also urgent and
necessary. The challenges imposed on us by the current ecological,
economic and political crises are destroying ecosystems, entire nations
and life on Earth. There is no other option left besides a stronger
commitment to build power from the bottom up and across nations.
Steadily, communities are finding that our differences are also our
strengths, and the urgency to defend our collective future outgrows our
challenges to build unity.
Such unity has never been more urgent, as we face continued climate
change and destabilization, and the global rise of authoritarian
populism. Organized proponents of agroecology and food sovereignty have
already made common cause with other social movements, such as the World
March for Women and the World Forum of Fisher Peoples, and some voices
from labor and anti-hunger groups; but much work remains to be done to
bridge the divides among the oft-disunited groups offering complementary
alternative visions to the domination of global capital. While there
have been opportunities for collective reflection and strategizing, a
whole new level of involvement is called for. Some of the actions
available to take in the United States include scholars, such as those
in ARC, “showing up” (when invited) to already-existing spaces, such as
convenings of the US Food Sovereignty Alliance; Farm Aid; MOSES (the
Midwest Organic & Sustainable Education Service); and continuing to
seek creative ways for empowered grassroots voices to not just speak,
but be listened to, in academic-convened spaces.
The CAWR meeting brought together scholars and grassroots actors to
plan concrete action and collaboration, supporting “dialogues of
knowledges”, mutual respect and accountability, and building power
together to take on the challenges before us. One participant commented
that it was way past time for scholars to stop using the phrase “giving
voice to the voiceless,” because the voices of so many grassroots actors
have been present and struggling for food sovereignty and agroecology
for a long time. Rather, the problem has been that these voices have not
been listened to, and in many cases, have been violently opposed. The
workshop helped to reaffirm the challenges and joys of working across
differences, undermining “privilege”, and the need for building power
together towards an agroecological future for all.
 Free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) has been an important element of struggles for indigenous rights, as well as debates and resistance around “land grabs”.
Agroecology and Livelihoods Collaborative (ALC) part-time Program Administrator
The Agroecology and Livelihoods Collaborative (ALC) is a community of practice within the Department of Plant & Soil Science (PSS) at the University of Vermont. The ALC utilizes an approach grounded in agroecology, participatory action research (PAR), and transdisciplinarity. Our goal is to better understand and seek solutions to the issues facing our food system. The ALC program administrator reports to the ALC co-directors, and works closely with the core team to manage communications and internal operations for the ALC, as well as support the planning and implementation of the ALC’s research and educational initiatives. The program administrator will also provide some support to the PSS program, and will be a point of contact for ALC students, and other collaborators both within and outside of the university. We seek a motivated individual interested in agroecology, food systems and participatory action research (PAR), who has outstanding organizational and interpersonal skills. A detailed description of the position is provided below. For a pdf version of the position description, please click on the following link: ALC Program Administrator Revised Ad Jul 19.
communicating with students interested in pursuing the CGSA
serving as the point-person for communications with the College of Continuing and Distance Education (CDE), which supports aspects of the CGSA.
organization, coordination and logistics for the weeklong, face-to-face summer course
The ALC program administrator oversees external communications for the ALC and provides support to the PSS department. This task requires collaborating with other faculty and staff to develop, implement and actively manage outreach and visibility strategies for the ALC and PSS (35% effort). This includes:
maintaining websites and regularly updating social media accounts
developing outreach, informational, recruitment and event materials
supporting the creation of presentations that align with UVM templates and guidelines
The ALC program administrator provides organizational and logistical support for all ALC programming (15%). This includes:
creating and maintaining information management and organizational systems
coordinating facilities access (including A/V technology) and vehicle use
managing purchasing and vendor relationships (this includes assistance with travel arrangements, plane tickets, etc.)
supporting the management of program funding, and cross-departmental financial collaborations
The ALC program administrator maintains partner relationships by communicating with ALC students and partners (farmers, representatives of NGOs, academic and industry collaborators) (15% effort). This includes:
coordinating and facilitating weekly ALC meetings.
organizing and facilitating weekly staff meetings
coordinating researcher/collaborator meetings with ALC collaborators
responding to inquiries for information
The ALC program administrator contributes to fundraising efforts for the ALC (15% effort). This includes:
identifying appropriate funding opportunities
participating in grant writing
managing grant submission processes
supporting the cultivation of corporate and individual donors
1-2 years of administrative experience.
Strong public relations, interpersonal, and organizational skills.
Interest and proven experience in being a truly collaborative team member.
The ability to work well—whether by phone, email, writing, or in person—with a broad range of constituents, both internal and external to the university.
Demonstrated initiative and resourcefulness.
Willingness to be flexible.
Ability to manage multiple tasks, meet deadlines and use creative problem solving to handle the unexpected.
Detail-oriented, with strong organizational and problem-solving skills.
Sensitivity to issues of equity, diversity, and inclusion.
The ability to plan, prioritize, and balance the workload of several projects, simultaneously, in a fast-paced environment.
Experience with UVM’s business and financial applications and systems.
Familiarity with UVM’s administrative organization and academic programs.
Web development experience with WordPress and Drupal.
Spanish language proficiency.
This is a part-time position, 20 hours per week, at $18 per hour. We regret that we cannot provide benefits.
Please send cover letter and updated curriculum vitae/resume to Ernesto Mendez (Ernesto.Mendez@uvm.edu). Any questions about the position can also be directed to him.
Special Issue, in Spanish, on “Participatory and Activist Research in Agroecology”, with a contribution by ALC co-directors
A new special issue of the journal Agroecología (Spain), on Participatory and Activist Research in Agroecology, is now available as open access, online. The issue brings together a diversity of experiences from around the world, with a focus on participatory action research and activist scholarship in agroecology. It was guest edited by Daniel López-García, from Fundación Entretantos and Mamen Cuéllar-Padilla from the University of Córdoba. ALC co-directors Martha Caswell and Ernesto Méndez co-authored a paper on participatory action research with collaborators from the Community Agroecology Network (CAN) .You can access the issue by clicking on the following link: https://revistas.um.es/agroecologia/issue/view/18131
Martha Caswell assumes the Co-Directorship of the University of Vermont’s Agroecology and Livelihoods Collaborative (ALC)
The University of Vermont’s (UVM) Agroecology and Livelihoods Collaborative (ALC), which started as my research group in 2006, has been growing and evolving, along with our main fields of action- agroecology and participatory action research (PAR). As we continue to reflect on our work, and continue to learn and grow, it is also important that we solidify the ALC’s governance structure. In this light, I am pleased to announce that, starting July 1, Martha Caswell, currently the ALC’s Research and Outreach Coordinator, has taken on a new role as the ALC’s Co-Director. This new position formalizes leadership responsibilities that Martha has already taken on in both our U.S. and International initiatives, and across our educational, research and outreach activities. Martha and I envision sharing our representation of the ALC, in an equal capacity, in many of our current initiatives and partnerships. This change is well deserved, as Martha has been co-leading with me for several years now, and had already stepped up to this role, albeit unofficially. You can find more information on Martha’s background below, and in a recent interview she gave on agroecology for UVM, here. Dr. Vic Izzo, the ALC’s Education Coordinator, will continue in his critical role as the third member of the ALC leadership team. I strongly believe this new structure will allow us to better accomplish our mission and strengthen our collaborative processes with all of you. Please join me in congratulating Martha !
About Martha Caswell, ALC’s new Co-Director
What’s working well? What’s not? What can we learn from the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion? Whether we are talking about communities, landscapes or agroecological practices, these questions have always been at the core of my work. My curiosity has taken me from large urban areas of the US to small coffee-growing communities in Latin America. With a background in policy, I have programmatic experience with public health, housing, food justice, migrant communities, climate change resilience, livelihood diversification strategies and food security/food sovereignty. I have moved between working on the ground in communities and looking at the issues from a distance; Participatory Action Research (PAR) allows me to combine my commitment to grassroots work and applied research. My early career focused on issues related to urban poverty. Now, most of my work is with smallholder farmers, using agroecological principles to address livelihood, sustainability and production challenges. I have experience in both international and domestic community development, multi-sector collaborations with governmental agencies, academic institutions, corporate entities, non-governmental organizations, farmer cooperatives, neighborhood associations and community stakeholders.
The Farm Between wins 2018 Farmer-Rancher Pollinator Award for US
Nancy and John Hayden were recently recognized by the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC) with the 2018 Farmer-Rancher Pollinator Award for the United States. They received their Award at the NAPPC’s Conference in Washington DC.
Nancy and John steward The Farm Between in Jeffersonville, VT, where they have farmed for the past 26 years. Today, the 20-acre property incorporates organic fruit production, an on-site nursery with native and pollinator-friendly plants, and a 14-acre pollinator sanctuary buzzing with diversity. In addition to farming, Nancy gains inspiration from the surrounding agroecosystem for her writing and artwork. Some of her fiber/fabric creations feature pollinators and the challenges they face, such as those in her “Pollinators in Peril” series. John, a trained entomologist, conducts research on-farm, often in collaboration with academic institutions and non-profits. He also advocates for pollinators at the policy-level and presently serves on the Vermont Pollinator Protection Committee. In 2007, Nancy and John founded the international non-profit, Seeds of Self-Reliance, and more recently developed Pollinator Pathways here in Vermont. Both efforts seek to promote pollinator diversity and habitat creation with emphasis on pollinators’ role in sustainable food systems.
The ALC is fortunate to have had the opportunity to build a long-term partnership with Nancy and John as research collaborators on both local and international projects. The Farm Between has served as a host to UVM agroecology courses for many years and the constantly evolving landscape remains a beloved exploratory space for students. Their passion for pollinators and commitment to engaging in agroecology as a science, practice, and movement are inspiring to many. Kudos to John and Nancy on receiving the 2018 Farmer-Rancher Pollinator Award – certainly well-deserved!
Nancy and John Hayden accepting the 2018 United States Farmer-Rancher Pollinator Award at the NAPPC Conference, Photo Credit: NAPPC