Professor of Environment and Natural Resources Emeritus

Robert Manning is Professor Emeritus in the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of Vermont, where he taught the history, philosophy, and management of parks and related areas and conducted a program of research for the U.S. National Park Service and related agencies. He was also Director of the University's Park Studies Laboratory. Dr. Manning has spent four year-long sabbatical leaves with the U.S. National Park Service at Grand Canyon National Park, Yosemite National Park, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, and the headquarters office in Washington, DC.


He is the author of several books, including:

  • Studies in Outdoor Recreation: Search and Research for Satisfaction (3rd Edition, Oregon State University Press)
  • Parks and Carrying Capacity: Commons without Tragedy (Island Press)
  • Sustainable Transportation in the National Parks: From Acadia to Zion (University Press of New England)
  • Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park (University Press of New England)
  • Managing Outdoor Recreation: Case Studies in the National Parks (University Press of New England)
  • Walking Distance: Extraordinary Hikes for Ordinary People (Oregon State Unversity Press)
Bob Manning

Areas of Expertise and/or Research

Parks and protected areas, outdoor recreation, carrying capacity, environmental history and philosophy


  • Ph.D. Resource Conservation, Michigan State University
  • M.S. Parks and Outdoor Recreation, Michigan State University
  • B.S. Biology, Washington College (Maryland)