Apple Bin

New England Tree Fruit Management Guide


Beginning Growers


Cultivars, Rootstocks

Planting, Pruning

Pollination, Thinning

Soil, Water, Nutrients

Labs to send Soil and Leaf Samples for Analysis

General Information


Integrated Pest Management




Beneficial Insects

Pesticides, Spraying




Resources from the Cider Maker and Grower Meeting
at Woodchuck Cidery, Middlebury VT - June 28, 2016

Resources from the Working Lands Enterprise Fund Project Meeting
at Vermont Hard Cider, Middlebury VT - March 30, 2015

Food Safety

Economics & Marketing

Organic Basics


In 1995, the USDA National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) defined organic agriculture as "an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain, or enhance ecological harmony…The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people." Before a product can be labeled "organic," a Government-approved certifier must inspect the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer is following all the rules necessary to meet the USDA organic standards. Detailed records are required and reviewed by the certifier. It takes three years of organic management before a farm product can be “certified” as organic. Please note that the labels "natural" and "eco-friendly" which have been used to describe agricultural products may imply that some organic methods were used in the production of the product, but this labeling does not guarantee complete adherence to organic practices as defined by law.

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