"The Role of Food Insecurity in Developmental Psychopathology"
Robert R. Althoff MD, PhD, Merelise Ametti BA, Farryl Bertmann PhD, RDN
Article in Preventative Medicine, Volume 92, November 2016
Read full article here: www.elsevier.com/locate/ypmed
Received 25 February 2016 Received in revised form 23 July 2016 Accepted 6 August 2016 Available online 8 August 2016
Food insecurity Mental illness Depression Developmental psychopathology Child behavioral problem Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Overweight Obesity
Food security is a condition achieved when all members of a household have access to adequate food at all times for a healthy, active lifestyle. As of 2014, 14% of households in the United States were food insecure. Previous research has suggested that household food insecurity is associated with numerous adverse medical and psychosocial outcomes across the lifespan. In this narrative review, we examine current research on food insecurity, speciﬁcally as it relates to child psychopathology and risk factors thereof: namely, parental mental illness and poor diet and metabolic health. Moreover, we begin to speculate about behavioral and physiological mechanisms by which these conditions may inﬂuence one another, and discuss possible interventions through enhanced screening and treatment, parent training, and provision of high quality foods to vulnerable households. Further research is needed to the effects of child and parental mental health on metabolic outcomes in families with food insecurity.
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