Timber Harvest

Latest Score:


in 2017

Weight: 8%
score trend is flat over time

Timber harvest was measured by collecting data on the volume of timber harvested from forests in the state each year. A larger total harvest indicates the forest was able to provide more resources, ultimately contributing to the economy. Vermont's forest-based manufacturing and recreation sectors contribute $1.5 billion to the economy and support 10,000 full-time jobs1.  The viability of the timber industry can contribute to keeping larger tracts of land forested. Here, we assess the volume of timber extracted from Vermont’s forests in cords, as reported by mills and foresters in annual surveys. A high score means that the forest is producing high volumes of timber.

1North East State Foresters Association. 2013. The Economic Importance of Vermont’s Forest-based Economy. Available at:

Quality management of Vermont's forests and the habitat that big game species (deer, bear, moose, and turkey) need to thrive is integral to Vermont's rich cultural history of hunting and living off of the land. Management of big game species to ensure that they do not over browse habitat has allowed for a steady trend in hunter harvest numbers. Management of big game species to an adequate but not overabundant level has ensured that hunter harvest opportunities are present without detrimentally impacting forest and other important big game habitats. Continued management of Vermont's forests to allow for young forest habitats and mast crops (i.e. acorns, beechnuts, mountain ash) along with essential wintering habitat is paramount in ensuring that big game populations and hunter harvests remain at appropriate levels for years to come.

Interpretation provided by:

Paul Frederick, Wood Utilization & Wood Energy Forester; Vermont Department of Forests, Parks & Recreation


The score is calculated using a target value and the historical range of the the entire long-term dataset. The higher the score, the closer this year's value is to the target.

Once the score is computed for each year, the trend in scores over time is calculated. If the trend is significantly positive or negative, the long-term trend is marked as increasing or decreasing respectively.

Component Description
Scored as

Distance between 0 and target (scaled 1-5)

Target value

Maximum + 10% of range

Directionality of scores

Higher values in the data are better.

Minimum value used in scoring

Minimum - 10% of range or 0, whichever is greater

Maximum value used in scoring

Maximum + 10% of range

Using data collected in the Vermont Forest Resource Harvest Report1, we presented the total quantity of timber harvested in Vermont per year, which is reported as cords of wood. We set the target for these data as the maximum value in the dataset plus 10% of the range. The annual score was computed as the difference between the lower scoring bounds (either the minimum value in the data minus 10% of the range or 0, whichever was greater) and the target, was scaled between 1 and 5.

1 Vermont Agency of Natural Resources, Department of Forest, Parks and Recreation. 2019. Vermont Forest Resource Harvest Reports. Available at: