Solar array with sunflowers
Land under and around solar arrays can be planted with pollinator-friendly vegetation: a benefit to agriculture, clean energy, bees and birds.

To achieve this, many solar projects are now integrating a vegetative management plan that features a mix of low-growing and shade tolerant, pollinator friendly plants throughout the array.

Pollinator-Friendly Planting Tips

Bee in daisy

Considering installing solar at your farm, home or business and want to be sure it's friendly to pollinators? Here's how to get started:

More Resources:

In the News

Bee in purple flowers

What's Your Pollinator-Friendly Score?

What's Your Score

The Pollinator-Friendly Solar Initiative of Vermont has developed a Scorecard for developers to determine how friendly their solar installations can be. These voluntary standards, developed by Vermont experts, draw on the successful MN model that has generated exponential growth in pollinator friendly solar Got a great score? Post the completed form on your website and let's spread the word!

Download the VT Scorecard (PDF)

Take the Pledge

Pollinator Pledge

By taking the Pollinatory-Friendly Pledge, you are committing to meeting the standards outlined in the Scorecard.

Take the Pledge

Download the Guide to Solar Energy in Vermont's Working Landscape

image description: echinacea flowers in a solar field under a blue sky

With support from an Apis Fund Award from the Gund Institute for Environment, this guide provides an overview to the integration of solar energy and complementary land use practices in Vermont. Contributing researchers and practitioners cover topics including management practices, project planning, personal experiences, and policy recommendations. Learn directly from those working in this emerging and rapidly evolving field!  Download the PDF file here.

List of Participating Consultants

Arrowwood Environmental

Expertise on pollinator-friendly seed mixes and vegetative management plans
950 Bert White Road, Huntington, VT 05462
802-434-7276 x2
Michael Lew-Smith |

Audubon Vermont

Green Mountain Audubon Center
255 Sherman Hollow Rd., Huntington, VT
Mark LaBarr | | 802-434-3068
Margaret Fowle | | 802-434-3068

Bee the Change

Expertise on pollinator-friendly seed mixes and vegetative management plans
800 Sheep Farm Rd., Weybridge, VT 05653
Mike Kiernan |

Landscape Interactions

Interdisciplinary landscape planning and design firm with expertise creating pollinator habitat establishment and management plans for solar arrays as well as designing custom seed mixes
160 George Lamb Road, Leyden, MA 01337
Evan Abramson |

SE Group

Expertise on pollinator-friendly seed mixes and vegetative management plans
131 Church St., Suite 300, Burlington, VT 05401

The Solar Honey Company / Bolton Bees

Expertise on beekeeping under solar arrays and providers of national Solar Honey Standard certification
Chiara Bolton |
As seen in National Geographic: "The Tesla of Honey"


40 IDX Drive, Building 100, Suite 200, South Burlington, VT 05403
Carla Fenner | | 802-497-6144
Adam Crary | | 802-497-6101

Want to see your name on this list? Complete the VT Scorecard and email it to
To view projects' completed scorecards, contact

Solar Projects Using Pollinator-Friendly Methods

Many solar projects in Vermont are already participating in the Pollinator-Friendly Solar Initiative. Those below have completed the scorecard or have pledged to join the effort.

New Sites Incorporating Pollinators from the Beginning

Encore Renewables - Bee the Change

  • Middlebury - Meadow Glen Solar, LLC 500kw (4 acres)
  • Middlebury - additional site - 500kw (4 acres)

Grassroots Solar

  • Dorset (with teaching workshops)
  • Pawlett (with teaching workshops)

Green Lantern Group - Bee the Change

  • New Haven, 500kw (4 acres)

GroSolar - GMP, ArrowWood, SE Group

  • Williston, 4.7MW-AC (25-30 acres)
  • Richmond, 2.0MW-AC (10-12 acres)
  • Hartford, 4.99MW-AC (25-30 acres)
  • Panton, 4.9MW-AC (single-axis tracker) (25-30 acres)
  • Williamstown, 4.99MW-AC (25-30 acres)

Retrofits of Existing Sites

All-Earth Renewables - Bee the Change

  • Burlington, Rock Point School, 142kw (1 acre)

Ben & Jerry's

  • Waterbury, 500kw (4 acres)

Mont Vert - Bee the Change

  • Proctor, 66kw (0.5 acres)

Soveren Solar - VSECU Project

  • Guilford, 500kw (4 acres)

Vermont Community Solar - Brattleboro Management Company

  • Kirchheiemr Drive Community Solar, LLC, Bee the Change
  • Guilford, 500kw (3.1 acres, half for planting)


Want to see your name on this list? Complete the VT Scorecard and email it to


More Resources




The Scorecard was produced by the Pollinator-Friendly Solar Initiative of Vermont:

GUND LogoAudubon Vermont LogoEnergy Action NetworkUVM Extension Logo Fresh Energy LogoVHB Logo Bee the Change logoRenewable Energy Vermont logoVT Agency of Natural Resources logoVermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets logoVPIRG Logo


Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. University of Vermont Extension, Burlington, Vermont. University of Vermont Extension, and U.S. Department of Agriculture, cooperating, offer education and employment to everyone without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or familial status. Any reference to commercial products, trade names, or brand names is for information only, and no endorsement or approval is intended.

Many thanks to Bee the Change and Fresh-Energy for use of their imagery.