The University of Vermont's Consulting Archaeology Program (UVM CAP) engages in activities that help preserve, protect and explain Vermont's cultural heritage.

A unit of the Anthropology Department, CAP provides archaeological and historic preservation services to businesses and individuals, non-profit groups, local governments, and State and Federal agencies. Through studies required by State and Federal regulations, the UVM CAP helps sponsors obtain necessary permits and contributes to the understanding of the human past in northeastern North America. As part of its educational mission, the UVM CAP offers experiential learning opportunities for students and engages in a wide range of public education activities.

By working with UVM's Consulting Archaeology Program, you'll work with the following archaeological experts:

  • John Crock on-site at a CAP dig.

    John Crock

    Director of the University of Vermont Consulting Archaeology Program

    Dr. John G Crock (Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh) is an Associate Professor of Anthropology. He specializes in the archaeology of northeastern North America and the archaeology of the Caribbean, with an emphasis on indigenous societies and the interaction between humans and the environment.  His expertise includes all phases of archaeological investigation from preliminary assessments to large-scale site excavations in research and regulatory contexts. Dr. Crock has authored dozens of journal articles, book chapters and technical reports. In addition to his role as UVM CAP's Director, he teaches a number of Anthropology courses including Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology (ANTH 024), Preserving the Past (ANTH 106), Indians of the Northeast: Vermont  (ANTH 164), Field Work in Archaeology (ANTH 200) and Caribbean Archaeology (ANTH 209). Crock's training and experience exceed the Secretary of the Interior's minimum professional qualifications for archaeology (Code of Federal Regulations, 36 CFR Part 61; Federal Register 48, 190:44738-44739). Dr. Crock can be reached at

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Through its consulting projects, UVM CAP investigates important research topics related to Native American and Euroamerican cultural history. Major research themes include human interaction with the natural environment, settlement patterns, domestic architecture, technology, and regional trade and exchange. Whenever possible, we synthesize and publish the results presented in technical reports in professional journals or popular outlets. The UVM CAP supports undergraduate research through training and by providing data in support of honors theses and independent studies.


The UVM CAP regularly upgrades its equipment to utilize the technology and software best suited to accomplish project and research goals.  In the field, in addition to the tried-and-true shovels, trowels, tapes and compasses, we work with high-grade handheld Trimble GPS units, and Topcon total station survey instruments. In the lab, we work extensively with ArcGIS to geo-locate our survey areas, testing and sites and to analyze artifact distributions and settlement patterns. We also employ Agisoft Photoscan to generate 3D site and artifact models, and collaborate with UVM’s Spatial Analysis Lab on projects requiring aerial survey and detailed digital surface models.

Education and Training

As part of the Department of Anthropology at UVM, one of our primary missions is education. The UVM CAP provides independent, work-study and internship opportunities to current undergraduates. Our field crews and laboratory personnel include a high percentage of students with anthropology backgrounds, many of whom work with UVM CAP prior to pursuing graduate-level studies in heritage management fields. UVM CAP regularly makes presentations to keep the public informed about current research in Vermont archaeology and welcomes the help of volunteers.

Information and Reference

The UVM CAP provides information on Vermont archaeology to students, parents, teachers, historical societies and others.

UVM CAP archaeologists have completed over 400 projects for their potential to impact archaeological and/or historic resources.

UVM CAP archaeologists have completed over 400 projects requiring review for potential impacts to archaeological or historic cultural resources. This work occurs under a variety of State and Federal laws and regulations. UVM CAP’s expertise and experience includes the full range of archaeological and historic resources in northeastern North America from the earliest settlement by Native Americans during the Paleoindian period 12,500 years ago to 18th-20th-century sites and structures representing modern-era residential and industrial development.