Nutrient Management Planning (NMP) is the management of the amount, source, timing, and method of application (placement) of soil amendments and plant nutrients.  Your NMP should help you: budget, supply, and conserve nutrients for plant production; properly utilize manure or organic byproducts as a plant nutrient source; minimize agricultural non-point source pollution of surface and groundwater resources; protect air quality by reducing nitrogen emissions and odors; and maintain or improve your soil health conditions.  In Vermont, all certified small farm operations and all permitted medium and large farm operations managing manure, agricultural wastes, or fertilizer for use as nutrient sources are required to implement a field-by-field nutrient management plan that follows the USDA NRCS NMP Code 590.

Writing and Funding Your Nutrient Management Plan (NMP) brochure (PDF) will quickly explain what is an NMP and how one can be completed.

NEW - 2022 Nutrient Management Planning (NMP) classes

For 2022, we are going to hold the first four lecture classes virtually. We will post the recorded video below soon after the class.

2022 classes Zoom link - and the meeting ID (if needed) is: 836 3055 5404

The final two classes, we will plan to hold in person so that we can assist the farmers and teams with completing their NMPs, and getting them signed off. The first four virtual lecture classes will be held on four consecutive Thursday's starting January 13, 2022, so January 13, 20, 27 and February 3, 2022. We will record each lecture and post them on this website for access, as well as additional class related information. Dates and locations for the final in person classes are to be determined.

If you are interested in completing an NMP or updating yours - contact Susan Brouillette at or 802-524-6501 x432. Classes are generally one day per week (3-4 hours) for 6 consecutive weeks.

NMP Course Agenda (PDF) - including homework and class expectations

Digging in Training Manual (PDF) - NMP class follows when developing your NMP

Nutrient Recommendation for Field Crops in Vermont, Rev. Sep 2020 (PDF)

Updated 590 Standards, November 2021 (PDF)

Updated Vermont Phosphorus Index User Guide, Nov 2021 (PDF)

goCrop Data Entry Sheets for Remote Updates (PDF)

Updating your NMP in goCrop (PDF)

Summary of the RAPs, Required Agricultural Practices (PDF)

RAP Online Quiz - learn about and earn water quality credits

goCrop Refresher session, 1/10/22
Class 1: 1/13/22 available
Class 2: 1/20/22 available
Class 3: 1/27/22 available
Class 4: 2/3/22 available
Class 5: 2/10/22 available

NMP Update Zoom Meeting Presentation, 2/4/21 (PDF)
NMP Update Meeting Recording, 2/4/21
Class 1: 2/11/21
Class 2: 2/18/21
Class 3: 2/25/21
Class 4: 3/11/21
Class 5: 3/18/21
Class 6: 3/25/21

goCrop Training Tutorial from December 5, 2017

Learn about the latest changes to the goCrop web app from Lindsey Ruhl. Later, Heather Darby will provide feedback when reviewing a plan and common mistakes to look for.  Here's a tutorial for the web:

goCrop Mobile Tutorial from May 8, 2020

This tutorial provides step-by-step instruction on how to download the mobile app, enter records, view field and farm information, and navigate between pages.  This tutorial is Android specific.  However, this tutorial is applicable for other mobile platforms because the information provided in the tutorial on how to enter records and where to access information is similar on other mobile devices (iPhones, tablets, etc.). View the YouTube video here -

Measuring Healthy Soils - June 4, 2021, 1:00pm to 3:00pm EST

Part of the Northeast Healthy Soil Network Symposium. Includes Heather Darby as the moderator and panelists of farm owners, agricultural professionals, and researchers. Supported by the UVM Gund Institute for Environment. View the recorded YouTube video here. You can also view information on the Gund Institute web page,

PDF iconFarmers Respond to goCrop Integrated Analysis Tools: Cornell's Whole Farm Nutrient Mass Balance Calculator and NRCS's Cover Crop Economics Calculator (PDF)

Ever wonder if your farm is a net importer or exporter of nutrients?  Have you sat down and penciled out the math on the financial benefits of cover crops? goCrop is here to help with that!  With newly integrated analysis tools and easy to interpret reports, goCrop is a one stop shop to write your NMP and calculate a Whole Farm Mass Nutrient Balance, based on software from Cornell, and Cover Crop Economics based on the NRCS calculator.  Tim Magnant said, “Reports are nice because we can see the results. We are doing a good job. This report isn’t for me, it’s for the naysayers…The reports work in my favor because they show that the agronomics we are doing are working. It’s proof. We are doing as good as we can do. This shows me we are doing pretty well.” Find out more about what farmers like you had to say about these new goCrop features!

View our NMP_Course_Flyer (PDF) to find out about our NMP course and when it will be offered again. Getting a head start on preparing for the January class is very important as some key things need to be completed in order to take the course including: 1) having a completed Land Treatment Plan (LTP), 2) having up-to-date soil samples (within 3 years), and 3) having an up-to-date manure sample (need yearly).  You may also be eligible for grant funds through the Conservation District (RCPP funds) or NRCS (EQIP funds) to help pay for the development of your NMP.  Call your local office for additional information.This brochure Writing and Funding Your Nutrient Management Plan (NMP) may also be very helpful.


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Articles and Manuals

Videos and Webinar Recordings

Research Results

Visit our research results page to see reports on cover crop variety trials (including cover crop mixes), planting date and seeding rates, and cover crop termination and reduced tillage studies.

Step by Step Instruction on How to Take a Soil Sample (YouTube video, February 21, 2018)