This guide is for faculty who teach internship courses or those who have been asked by a student to supervise their internship experience.

Information on this page applies to all internship credit awarded via the College of Arts & Sciences or departments therein. However, your Department or Program may have more specific guidelines for awarding internship credit, please get in touch with your Chair or Director to learn more.

Internship Course Best Practices

Faculty are welcome to use these tools and best practices when planning to supervise an internship experience:

Course Format

Depending on your department's policy, you may offer credit for an internship as an independent study course (2993/2995), or as an internship course (2991). 

Internship Course

Students should work 40 hours for every 1 credit they earn. The course format is extremely flexible, but students should have regular check-ins with faculty throughout the semester and produce a product that meets department requirements for credit toward the major (whether that be a presentation, paper, or other). Please check with your department chair for department-level policies regarding internship credit. Students and employers should fulfil all requirements detailed below. 

Independent Study

While more free-form, independent study credit for an internship must ensure that the on-site experience is supplemented with sufficient academic work. Most commonly, faculty will require students to do a research project that draws from the day-to-day work they are doing for their internship site. For example, a student working with the Town of Milton to review housing policies from an equity lense might undertake a historical research paper that explores U.S. housing & urban development practices over time. 

Hours worked at the internship are not counted as part of earning credit, but should be enough that the student gets a substantive experience that informs their academic work. 

Syllabus Template

Faculty teaching internship courses are welcome to use the CAS 2991 syllabus as a template, understanding, of course, that their department may have additional or slightly different requirements for major credit. 

CAS 2991 (Internship) Syllabus Template

SkillSurvey: An Internship Evaluation Tool

The College of Arts & Sciences has partnered with SkillSurvey to help students better evaluate their career-related skills after completing an internship or experiential learning program. Unlike standalone end-of-semester self evaluation surveys and supervisor evaluation surveys, SkillSurvey provides each student with a comprehensive "Career Readiness Report" that compares student & supervisor evaluations against national data. This helps students understand what skills they may need to improve, what they excelled at, and identify areas of future interest.

If you're interested in integrating SkillSurvey into your course, please reach out to the CAS Internship Team at


Employer Responsibilities & Requirements

No matter the method of credit internship employers have several requirements to complete before their interns can earn credit at UVM. Employers must...

Identify a clear internship supervisor for their intern

It is the responsibility of the internship employer to identify a supervisor for their student intern. This person should be excited and ready to be a mentor throughout the duration of the internship. They should also be prepared to evaluate the student at the end of the semester and provide updates as needed to the UVM faculty member awarding credit for the experience. 

Sign the UVM Internship MOU

Employers must review and sign the UVM Internship MOU (2022 updated version) prior to the beginning of the internship. The MOU outlines the expectations and responsibilities of the UVM faculty member, the University, and the internship site. MOUs are valid for a period of five years and cover all UVM students who engage in a credit-bearing internship with that organization during that period. The Career Center maintains copies of all executed MOUs. the MOU identifies the minimum requirements of the institution, additional criteria may be added as needed - please contact to addenda.

Faculty should...

  • If an organization is on the list of active internship MOUs, no further action is needed.
  • Check the list of "Sites to Avoid" (second tab on the list of active internship MOUs) to make sure the site is appropriate.
  • If the MOU is not currently on file, it must be completed before the internship begins - send the MOU link: to the internship site and request that they digitally sign for their organization.
  • Please note that internships for credit must be with companies or organizations that are able to sign our UVM Internship MOU (i.e. legal entities or sole proprietorship with proper insurance coverage). 

If an employer is not able to sign the standard UVM Internship MOU, please get in touch with the Career Center UVM Internship Coordinator, Kristen Andrews

Provide feedback

At the end of the internship, the on-site supervisor should provide feedback on the intern's performance to the intern themselves and to the course instructor. This can be done in myriad formats -- most commonly, faculty members create an end-of-semester evaluation form based on the CAS Core Competencies. However, CAS is exploring the use of SkillSurvey for end-of-semester internship evaluations. If you're interested in using SkillSurvey for your students, please let us know at

Student Responsibilities

Students enrolling in internship credit should provide the following to their faculty member: 

Internship supervisor contact information

This is essential so that the faculty member can get in touch with the internship supervisor about signing the UVM Internship MOU and collect end-point evaluations.

Learning goals

Students should submit - either before the internship begins or as a first assignment of the internship course - a list of learning goals and intended outcomes for the experience. See our Internship Resources page for tools students can use to create these goals. 

Internship Hours

Students should also track their hours and submit them to their faculty member at the end of the internship, making sure that their total matches the amount of credit they are enrolled in (40 hours per credit minimum).

Internship Credit FAQs

What qualifies for internship credit?

Internships that qualify for credit are...

  • ... one-time experience lasting 1-10 months
  • ... distinguished from a job or volunteer work by a defined "learning agenda" that structures the experience and allows the student to get a real sense of the larger structure and impact of the organization on the community, clients, or other stakeholders
  • ... supervised on-site by a dedicated mentor who will ensure the student completes their "learning agenda" and is supported throughout the experience
  • ... not interchangeable with positions that the company or organization would normally hire a part-time worker for (i.e. a cashier, stockist, or cleaning position with no additional learning opportunities or observations of higher-level work)

In all cases, an effort should be made to establish a reasonable balance between the intern's learning goals and the specific work the organization needs completed.

How many credits can a student earn?

In CAS, students can earn 1 credit for every 40 hours they complete at their internship site. However, this is a minumum--a student may choose to complete more than 40 hours in exchange for 1 credit. Regardless, hours should be accompanied by written reflective and/or academic work. 

Can a student earn credit after their internship is finished?

No - Credit must be earned concurrently with the internship experience. For example, students with summer internships cannot complete hours during the summer and then enroll in an internship course during fall semester to get credit for those hours.

However, if a student has completed an intenship and did not earn credit for it yet, they do have an option to earn 1 credit based only off of reflective work completed during the subsequent semester. 

Can a student earn credit for hours completed outside of the semester?

No - Hours counted toward credit must be completed between the first and last day of the semester in which the student is enrolled. For example, if a student's internship begins January 1 and runs through June 30, they can only count hours completed between January 17 and May 16 for credit.

Internship Credit Policy

The College of Arts & Sciences follows the University Policy on Academic Internships with the following clarifications (as of April 2016):

A maximum of 12 hours of internship credit may be counted toward the B.A. or B.S. degree. Individual departments determine whether internships count toward the major and minor. Students are expected to either enroll in an internship course or work independently with a faculty member to design a readings and research project that complements the internship activity. Internship work must be done during the same semester in which the student is enrolled for internship credit.

Please note that internships for credit must be with companies or organizations that are able to sign our UVM Internship MOU (i.e. legal entities or sole proprietorship with proper insurance coverage).

Please see the full policy document here


International Student Information

Students on F-1 visas MUST connect with OIE to apply for CPT (Curricular Practical Training) authorization before starting any work or internship experience. The student should also be in touch with their faculty advisor as part of this process.