University of Vermont Historic Preservation Program

HP 302 Community Preservation


Robert McCullough


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Student / Sponsor Project Statement


                    September, 2018

Adirondack Architectural Heritage, Inc.
1790 Main Street – Civic Center 312
Keeseville, New York 12944
Project Contact: Steven Engelhart
Telephone: 518-834-9328

National Register Nominations.  Adirondack Architectural Heritage is seeking assistance in preparing National Register nominations for the following buildings or districts.  Individual or team projects.
•    Estes House (Ausable Chasm, Essex County).  This is an 1850s stone house that is now the home of the North Star Underground Railroad Museum, near the Ausable Chasm tourist center.
•    Ausable Chasm Historic District.  A small company village that also includes the Ausable Chasm tourist center, a 1929 hydroelectric facility, and a 1920s motel.
•    Keene Valley Historic District (Essex County).  This is a village district with approximately twelve buildings.  A draft statement of significance has already been prepared, and descriptions of the buildings are now required.  Proposed expansion of the district has created a potential obstacle.
•    Libraries of the North Country.  This would be a thematic nomination of ten or twelve historic library buildings. The public community libraries of the ten county area collectively known as the North Country, share a similar cultural and architectural heritage. These institutions grow out of a common community desire to foster education and intellectual curiosity and in most cases the distinctive architecture of these libraries reflects the importance of libraries in the community fabric. The purpose of the nomination is to elevate the status of these public libraries within the community and to give the institutions access to new sources of conservation funding for their preservation and restoration. The scope of work consists of undertaking all necessary historical research, site work, photography, and writing to prepare a National Register nomination form in accordance with the appropriate National Register Bulletin(s).  Funding is pending.
•    Crown Point Green Historic District.  This is a small district in Crown Point (Essex County). Funding for the project is available to pay for student travel.
•    Westport District.  This project involves the completion of a nomination for a large historic district in the southern part of Westport (Essex County) that includes a lot of open space, farms, and other historic resources.  Much has been done already by Bill Johnston, and remaining work involves photography, building descriptions, and organizing the nomination into final form.  A team of two students is needed to organize and present existing material.

Burlington Planning Department
Burlington City Hall
Mary O’Neil, Associate Planner
Telephone: 802-865-7556
Cindi Wight, MR, CPRE
Burlington Parks, Recreation & Waterfront
645 Pine Street Suite B, Burlington, VT  05401
Direct Line: (802) 865-7557
Pine St. Office: (802) 865-7247

National Register Nomination.  Redstone Cottage, formerly part of Lakeview Sanitarium founded in 1882 and located on North Avenue.  The city has recently acquired this building, and may be willing to sponsor the nomination.  Individual project.
Research Project.  Burlington had a number of social-service institutions that either no longer exist or have been transformed into something else, including the Home for Destitute Children, the Home for Friendless Women, and the City Poor Farm.  All of these institutions were housed in significant buildings, and research is needed to develop the historic context for these buildings.  Individual project.

Research Project.  Several studies have been conducted in other states about property values in historic districts, and it would be extremely good information if an analysis could be made in Burlington to determine the effect on what property valuation and long-term market value when homes/resources are included in a historic district.  Developers believe listing diminishes value, however a look at Burlington’s historic districts (and eligible districts, like Five Sisters) seems to support strong market rates that are not only equal to but exceed those neighborhoods that are not listed.  A study with metrics would be extremely valuable.  Individual project.
Research Project.  This project would assess whether any data exists regarding zoning regulations that follow Form Based Codes, and whether that type of regulation might spur new development at the potential loss of historic resources.  Individual project.

Old North End Surveys.  The Historic Sites and Structures Survey information for Burlington’s Old North End is incomplete.  Some surveys list only representative examples, and some streets are only surveyed on one side.  Vermont’s Advisory Council on Historic Preservation and the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation would like us to move toward a general historic district of the Old North End. Ideally, we could break this area up into quadrants for a COMPREHENSIVE re-survey and compilation of work done by many.  Maps are available for these districts, which represent the city’s highest priorities.  Teams of two.

•    Resurvey of Old North End.  Northeast quadrant: East of Elmwood Avenue, North of North Street, West of North Willard Street.

•    Resurvey of Old North End.  Northwest quadrant: West of Elmwood Avenue, North of North Street.

•    Resurvey of Old North End.  Southeast quadrant:  South of North Street, west of North Willard, North of Pearl and East of Elmwood Ave.

•    Resurvey of Old North End.  Southwest quadrant: South of North St., West of Elmwood Avenue, North of Pearl.

•    Other Burlington Neighborhoods.   Booth Street; Loomis Street; South Prospect Street; and Summit Street

Charlotte Planning Department
c/o Dean Bloch
‪Planner / Zoning Administrator‬‬ ‬‬
‪802-425-3533 x206‬‬

Design Review Standards.  Thompson’s Point in Charlotte is a community of summer camps located on Lake Champlain, thirty-three of which comprise a historic district listed on the State Register of Historic Places and representing a significant concentration of 1880s and 1890s resort architecture.   The land is owned by the town and camps have been built on leased lots.  The summer colony is subject to a series of land use regulations adopted by the town, including design review administered by an appointed design review committee.  In 2017, UVM students prepared design review standards for buildings located within the historic district, but the district comprises only a small number of the buildings located in the colony, and additional work is needed.  In addition, very little is known about the buildings constructed in the historic district.  The town now invites two separate projects.

1.  Newspaper Research.  Taking advantage of the now-scanned Burlington newspapers, the researcher will conduct an exhaustive review of articles that chronicle the development of Thompson’s Point, with special emphasis on the names of builders, dates of construction, and other factors influential in the built and cultural environment of Thompson’s Point during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.  That information will then provide a more comprehensive context for the drafting of design review standards.

2.  Design Review Standards – North Shore Road.  Another district of camps developed along North Shore Road during the 1930s, and one or more current residents have personal knowledge of those developments.  Using oral history, newspapers, and other archival materials, the researcher will develop a report similar to the earlier report prepared for buildings in the historic district and will prepare design review standards for that section of the colony.  Establishing boundaries for that district will be an essential part of the report.

Green Mountain Club
c/o John Page, President
4711 Waterbury-Stowe Road,
Waterbury Center, VT 05677

‪Archival Study.  The Green Mountain Club has accumulated a century's worth of archival materials that now require processing and conservation.  The collection includes many photographs dating back to the 1910's, as well as many historic maps of the Long Trail.‬‬‬‬  In addition to those materials, several years ago a club member compiled an exhaustive inventory of every shelter ever connected with the Long Trail, together with historical source materials for these shelters.  It's a rough manuscript but the data is pretty comprehensive and identifies more than 200 structures used in some fashion by Long Trail hikers since the trail's inception, including approximately 130 structures built specifically as hiking shelters, of which approximately half are still in use.‬‬‬‬  Generally, shelters represent five or six distinctive building types used over the decades, most of them associated with particular builders, and there is an opportunity for architectural analysis as well as related landscape architecture themes.  The project would involve refining the manuscript and then reviewing the photograph collection (and possibly the extensive UVM and VHS collections of Long Trail photos) to locate images of every identifiable historic shelter, with the goal of integrating the photos into the manuscript to provide visual depictions of each structure.  Period maps showing the shelter locations could also be included. The goal would be to produce a complete written, photographic and cartographic history of Long Trail shelters, possibly leading to a published work. ‬‬‬‬ Individual project or team of two.

Historic Windsor and the Preservation Education Institute
54 Main Street
P.O. Box 21
Windsor, Vermont 05089
Project Contact: Judy Hayward, Executive Director
Tel: 802-674-6752


Henry Duffy
Saint Gaudens National Historic Site
National Park Service

Structures Report.  The Preservation Education Institute is developing a course that will produce a structures report for the Saint-Gaudens Tenant Farm at the Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish, New Hampshire.  Programs at the farm will further illustrate and interpret the life and work of Saint-Gaudens and fellow members of the Cornish Colony.  Two reports are needed, one for the house and one for the barn, both part of a six-acre parcel that was once a tenant farm for the estate.  The barn is a unique "U" shape not as commonly seen here as in Europe.  Although dated, a partially completed report for the barn is available.  Individual project.

Mt. Holly Community Historical Museum
c/o Robin Eatmon
Kelly Real Estate
or Lori Doolittle

Project:  A small but active community non-profit organization developed a fund raising campaign to restore a building that now provides a fine community resource for the local school and the region.  The next step is to organize, display, and interpret artifacts related to the building and community.  Specific details of running a museum need to be
addressed, including accessioning, website maintenance, and proper storage of artifacts.  The museum website is currently not working but some details can be found on the Mt. Holly, Vermont website. Individual project or team of two.

New Hampshire Preservation Alliance
7 Eagle Square
Post Office Box 268
Concord, New Hampshire 03302
Project Contact: Jennifer Goodman, Executive Director
Telephone: 603-224-2281 /

The New Hampshire Preservation Alliance is the statewide non-profit historic preservation organization.  The graduate student(s) engaged in the following projects will report to the organization's executive director, Jennifer Goodman, who has extensive experience working with students and other volunteers.  Projects will be designed to meet our mutual objectives and result in useful products.  Projects are central to our mission and work plan, and they will advance the cause of preservation in New Hampshire.  With exception of survey fieldwork, or meetings at the Alliance's office with staff or to review files, tasks can be accomplished largely from any "home base."

Historic Barn Preservation Project: Survey and Public Policy Tasks.  The New Hampshire Preservation Alliance is currently providing technical and financial assistance to barn owners trying to save, stabilize, or re-use historic agricultural structures.  This project is designed to help reduce the loss of these significant and rapidly disappearing landmarks in New Hampshire and to promote historic preservation objectives and the goals of the Preservation Alliance.  This program draws heavily from similar efforts in Vermont.  The project will involve document the existing and lost (as possible) barns in a New Hampshire town (to be selected) to create a model for a current statewide survey efforts.  Work will include preparing a much-needed fact sheet from the survey findings that can be used for advocacy and fundraising work.  In addition, it will assist the project committee in exploring how agricultural buildings are taxed and in developing a pro-preservation administrative or legislative proposal to address current problems.  The development of educational and promotional programs for historic barn owners and contractors is also necessary.  Students will work with the Historic Barn Advisory Group, staffed by leaders in agriculture, tourism, and preservation, as well as members of historical societies, heritage commissions and other local leaders.  Individual project or team of two

Preservation Burlington
P.O. Box 481
Burlington, Vermont 05402
Project Contact:  Ron Wanamaker, Executive Director

Burlington Outbuildings.  Survey of Burlington’s endangered outbuildings, a supplement to an earlier study of the city’s garages.  Individual project or team of two.
Research Project.  Professor Walter Poleman who teaches courses in landscape and place-based studies at the Rubenstein School has been working on an on-going Burlington Geographic project in an effort to engage the community in evening presentations and to conduct weekend field walks.  This semester he is interested in incorporating a study of the city’s religious properties and the relationships among those buildings, cemeteries, and properties and the city’s geographic patterns of growth and development.   Team of two or three.

Preservation Trust of Vermont
104 Church Street
Burlington, VT 05401

Project Contact: Eric Gilbertson
Tel.: (802) 272-8543

Historic Preservation Study.  In 1976, the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation received a $1.2 million grant from the U.S. Economic Development Administration to repair or restore buildings near a proposed Bicentennial Rail loop through twenty-one towns in Vermont, from St Albans to Brattleboro and Bennington.   The Division put out a request for program proposals from each town with stations along the loop.   Twenty towns responded and completed studies of buildings, including suggestions for repairing and restoring buildings, or reversing inappropriate changes that had occurred over the years.  Some of the studies also emphasized modifications that would improve design compatibility without the expense of full restorations.  More than 100 buildings received grants for work ranging from removal of aluminum siding, to restoring commercial bay windows such as those on the building located at the corner of State and Main Streets in Montpelier, to simple painting and carpentry repairs.  The EDA funding also enabled VDHP to hire a consultant to photograph all of the projects (slide format) and to document the economically beneficial aspects of the projects.  The slides are currently held by the Vermont Historical Society.  The records of those projects offer a unique opportunity to study, analyze and document, then and now, a finite set of buildings that were the object of preservation efforts more than forty years ago, with the goal of advancing future preservation efforts.  Individual project or team of two.

Barn Structures Reports.  The Preservation Trust of Vermont frequently receives requests to assess the structural condition of historic barns, and the trust’s field representatives provide that service.  The student project will involve traveling with Eric Gilbertson to conduct site visits and preparing written assessments.  Individual project to conform to Eric Gilbertson’s schedule.

Rokeby Museum
Route 7
Ferrisburg, Vermont 05456
Project Contact: Catherine Brooks, Director

HABS-Type Documentation.  The eight outbuildings at Rokeby lack the type of documentation that would be needed should any of the buildings be destroyed by fire or other cause.  Documentation of a single building would qualify as one project and should include proper photography, measured drawings, written description, and narrative history of the building.  Individual project.

St. Peter's Episcopal Mission
16 Elm St.,
Lyndonville, Vermont 05851
Project Contact:  Sally Fishburn

National Register Nomination.  Sally Fishburn has been working with church officials to help restore this 1890s church, designed by Henry Vaughan, supervising architect of the Washington National Cathedral, and constructed to serve railroad workers.  St. Peter’s houses the Lyndon Area Food Shelf and hosts monthly community luncheons. 
Individual project.

Swanton Village
c/o Ron Kilburn, Zoning Administrator and
    President, Swanton Historical Society
P.O. Box 711
Swanton, Vermont 05488
National Register Nomination – Swanton Railroad Depot.  This building has been relocated and rehabilitated with funding obtained through the Enhancements Program at the Vermont Agency of Transportation, and is now part of the town’s historic sites interpretive center.  Individual project.

Report and DVD: Historic Bridges of Swanton.  Swanton’s history is closely tied to the Missisquoi River, and a large number of important bridges are vital parts of that history.  The historical society has proposed a project to document these many bridges, telling the story of the role these bridges have played in the town’s industrial and transportation history.  The written report will be accompanied by a DVD.  Individual project.

University of Vermont – Morgan Horse Farm
Margot Smithson
Operations Coordinator
74 Battell Drive, Weybridge, VT 05753

Archival Catalog.  Sort, document, and catalog the archives of ephemera, photographs, and artifacts relevant to the history of the Morgan Horse Farm in Weybridge. Once cataloged, the collection may be easily searched and used as an informational resource.
Participating students would work independently and alongside UVM Morgan Horse Farm staff, volunteers, and/or Advisory Board Members to process the archives. An estimated time commitment would be 3+ hours per week, (plus travel to and from campus).  The completed product would be an organized and efficient library of archival information, complete with a tool to search and locate items in the collection easily.
The UVM Morgan Horse Farm will provide the folders, boxes, and space to properly store the collection.  Wherever possible, archival materials will also be digitized.  Individual Project or Team of Two.

Heritage Exhibit.  Prepare a seasonal heritage exhibit from the UVM Morgan Horse Farm archives that will be on display for the public in Weybridge, and potentially on UVM main campus.  Through the review of archival photographs, ephemera, and artifacts, students will work independently and with UVM Morgan Horse Farm staff, volunteers, and Advisory Board Members to create an exhibit that tells a story of the Weybridge facility. These exhibits would likely have an overarching theme narrative, such as apprentices, cavalry, breeding stallions, etc.  Students would be responsible for: researching potential images and themes; assisting to create display materials, including scanning images, sourcing display methods, displaying informational captions, and sharing promotional materials with the public; installing and removing the exhibit; creating a catalog explaining the exhibit content, including dates and location of installation(s); exploring potential collaboration with community partners; and participating in the opening reception.  Individual Project or Team of Two.

Oral History Project.  Document and preserve the rich history of the Morgan Horse Farm in Weybridge through recorded interviews of past employees, students, clients, and community members.  These interviews will serve as the base materials that will later be organized into a documentary. Candidates for interviews will be identified by the UVM Morgan Horse Farm staff, and the total number of interviews to be completed and processed by the student will be 5-7 per semester, based on availability.  Interviews will be audio and/or video recordings.  Students will work with UVM Morgan Horse Farm staff, volunteers, and Advisory Board Members to: create interview questions; schedule interviews; conduct and record interviews; process raw files into a usable and sharable format; and research the best process for creating, saving, and sharing interviews. 
A potential collaboration with the Vermont Folklife Center in Middlebury will be explored.  Individual Project or Team of Two.

Vermont Division for Historic Preservation
National Life Building
Drawer 20
Montpelier, Vermont 05602-6501
Project Contact: Devin Coleman or Caitlin Corkins
Telephone: 802-828-3046; e-mail: and

Vulnerable Barns Poster.  Similar to the Vulnerable Vermont poster by UVM preservation students.  Individual project or team of two.

Multiple Property Nominations - National Register of Historic Places.  The Vermont Division for Historic Preservation has identified topics for which historic contexts must be developed before multiple property nominations can be prepared.  These topics include granges, post offices, hospitals, libraries, theaters and opera houses, airport facilities, gas stations, motor courts and motels, commercial ski areas, general stores, and the World War 2 Homefront in Vermont.  Team of two or three

Research Project - Brick Cape Cod and Classic Cottages in East Montpelier.  There are at least eight of these houses in the town – some are simple Cape Cod type buildings and others are more high-style Classic Cottages.  Survey forms prepared by VDHP note the collection of houses and some relationship to the granite industry and a builder named Nye.  Beyond that, not much is known.  The initial stages of this research project would involve map and deed research, physical inspection, and consultation with the East Montpelier Historical Society to determine more about the origins of the buildings, where the bricks were manufactured, and information about the builder.  The research will hopefully lead to an MPDF nomination.  Individual project or team of two.
National Register Nomination.  The congregation of the Montgomery United Methodist Church hope to list their building in the National Register. It’s listed in the State Register as part of the Montgomery Village Historic District, and would qualify as an individual NR nomination.  The church is a transitional Federal/Greek Revival brick building constructed c. 1844; Queen Anne style windows were installed c. 1890.  The nomination will be developed under the Religious Properties of Vermont MPDF.

National Register Nomination.  The congregation of the Lower Waterford Congregational Church hope to list the building on the National Register of Historic Places.  The building is late Greek Revival style, constructed in 1859 and designed and built by local carpenter Francis Rice Carpenter.  The nomination will be developed under the Religious Properties of Vermont MPDF.

National Register Nomination.  The congregation of the Methodist Church in Wolcott hope to list the building, a late example of Greek Revival (1856), on the National Register of Historic Places.  The congregation was organized by the first African-American, Methodist minister in Vermont, who was born in Newport, Rhode Island and served as a missionary to Liberia before founding this congregation in Wolcott.

National Register Nomination.   The Vermont Agency of Transportation has recently completed a National Register multiple property documentation form for historic culverts, and the agency is now hoping to nominate a single culvert under that MPDF, which is an innovative document.  Many of the state’s historic culverts were constructed during the late nineteenth century or early twentieth century as part of the broader Good Roads Movement, and they are an important part of the state’s history of transportation structures.

Vermont Historic Bridge Program, Vermont Agency of Transportation
National Life Building
Montpelier, Vermont 05602-6501
Project Contacts: Bob McCullough
Kyle Obenauer.

Research Project.  The Vermont Historic Bridge Program has salvaged a substantial collection of bridge plans by George Reed, an engineer who began working for the Vermont Agency of Transportation in 1919 at a time when the Engineering Division was just beginning to take administrative shape.  Reed designed many of the state’s reinforced concrete T-beam and slab bridges during the period between 1919 and 1925, and he also influenced a generation of younger engineers who began working for the Engineering Department as it expanded.  Most of Reed’s bridges employed concrete railings with portal piers and recessed panels, features that characterize those bridge types during the decade of the 1920s and early 1930s.  Reed’s drawings are of exceptional quality, ink on linen, and represent an important archive of a bridge type that is vanishing rapidly.  This project will provide biographical information about Reed, assess his contributions to the context for historic reinforced concrete bridges in Vermont, prepare a catalog of Reed’s bridges, and identify those bridges that survive.  The project should be developed with the goal of producing a publishable paper for Vermont History, journal of the Vermont Historical Society, or other suitable periodical.  Individual project or Team of Two. 

National Register Nomination.  Barton in Orleans County, once a center of granite production, is the site of what may be the state’s last granite slab bridge on Elm Street.  Constructed circa 1901 by Joseph Barton, the bridge was erected with enormous granite blocks as stringers, resting on granite piers.  All the granite was quarried locally.  The bridge is threatened with replacement, and efforts to draw attention to its unique design may help convince local officials to preserve the structure.  The nomination should also investigate the contributions of Joseph Barton, who built several other bridges of this type, none of which survive.  Individual project.

Vermont Urban and Community Forest Council
Department of Forests, Parks and Recreation
103 South Main Street, Building 10 South
Waterbury, Vermont 05671-0601
Project Contact:  Danielle Fitzko

Self-Guided Architectural / Urban Forest Tours.  This project will combine walking tours emphasizing architectural history with similar tours designed to identify urban tree species.  The Urban and Community Forestry Council will serve as the project sponsor and coordinate with Vermont towns interested in obtaining tour maps and brochures.  The council may also identify participating parties to develop the information about tree species.  Alternatively, students may be able to collaborate with students from the University of Vermont's field botany program.  Projects will involve the survey of a selected town's architectural resources, identification of a tour route, short written paragraphs about buildings included on the tour, and preparation of a map.  Sample pamphlet is available for inspection.  The towns of Rutland, Chelsea, Hinesburg and Shelburne have completed similar projects.  Students may also work with city foresters in certain communities.  Individual project or team of two (with student from the School of Natural Resources)