Listed below are publications by J. Schall and his students on malaria parasites and their vectors and a few publications on other parasites. pdf files are available for most of the publications, and can be downloaded from the link provided.


Neal, A. T., M S. Ross, J. J. Schall, and A. M. Vardo-Zalik. 2016. Genetic differentiation over a small spatial scale of the sand fly Lutzomyia vexator (Diptera: Psychodidae). Parasites and Vectors 9:550, 1-9. [PDF]

Martinsen, E. E., N. McInerney, H. Brightman, K. Ferebee, T. Walsh, W. J. McShea, T. D. Forrester, L. Ware, P. H. Joyner, S. L. Perkins, E. K. Latch, M. J. Yabsley, J. J. Schall, and R. C. Fleischer. 2016. Hidden in plain sight: Cryptic and endemic malaria parasites in North American white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Science Advances 2: e1501486: 1-7. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. and J. J. Schall. 2014. Testing sex ratio theory with the malaria parasite Plasmodium mexicanum in natural and experimental infections. Evolution 68:1071-1081. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. and P. D. Taylor. 2014. Local mate competition and transmission bottlenecks: A new model for understanding malaria parasite and other sex ratios. Journal of Theoretical Biology 363:381-389. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2014. Malaria Parasites. Comparative Genomics, Evolution, and Molecular Biology. M. Carlton, S. L. Perkins, and K. W. Deitsch (eds.) 2014. (Book Review) Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50:423-425. [PDF]

Hicks, N. D. and J. J. Schall. 2013. Establishment efficiency among clones of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum, for mixed-clone infections in its natural lizard host. Journal of Parasitology 99:1050-1055. [PDF]

Hicks, N. D. and J. J. Schall. 2013. Dynamics of clonal diversity in natural infections of the malaria parasite Plasmodium mexicanum in its free-ranging lizard host. Parasitology Research 113:2059-2067. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. and J. J. Schall. 2013. Life history focus on a malaria parasite: linked traits and variation among genetic clones. Evolutionary Ecology 28:89-102. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. and K. M. St. Denis. 2013. Microsatellite loci over a thirty-three year period for a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): Bottlenecks in effective population size and effect on allele frequencies. Parasitology 140:21-28. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2012. Hemoparasites of the Reptilia: Color Atlas and Text. S. R. Telford, Jr. 2009. CRC Press (Book Review). Copeia 2012:761-769. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. and R. Poulin. Substratum preference of Philophthalmus sp. cercariae for cyst formation under natural and experimental conditions. Journal of Parasitology 98:293-298. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. 2011. Male gametocyte fecundity and sex ratio of a malaria parasite P. mexicanum. Parasitology 138:1203-1210. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2011. Virulence of a malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum, for its sand fly vectors, Lutzomyia vexator and L. stewarti (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 48:1183-1188. [PDF]

Ford, A. F. and J. J. Schall. 2011. Relative clonal proportions over time in mixed-genotype infections of the lizard malaria parasite P. mexicanum. International Journal for Parasitology 41:731-738. [PDF]

Ford, A. F., A. M. Vardo-Zalik, and J. J. Schall. 2010. Relative clonal density of malaria parasites in mixed-genotype infections: validation of a technique using microsatellite markers for Plasmodium falciparum and P. mexicanum. Journal of Parasitology 96:908-913. [PDF]

Neal, A. T. and J. J. Schall. 2010. Gametocyte sex ratio in single-clone infections of the malaria parasite Plasmodium mexicanum. Parasitology 137:1851-1859. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. and K. M. St. Denis. 2010. Lack of sequence variation of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from a malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum. Journal of Parasitology 94:827-829. [PDF]

Fricke, J. M., A. M. Vardo-Zalik, and J. J. Schall. 2010. Geographic genetic differentiation of a malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum, and it lizard host, Sceloporus occidentalis. Journal of Parasitology 96:308-313. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2009. Do malaria parasites follow the algebra of sex ratio theory? Trends in Parasitology 25:120-123.[PDF]

Vardo-Zalik, A. M. 2009. Clonal diversity of a malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum, and its transition success from its vertebrate-to-insect host. International Journal for Parasitology 39:1573-1579. [PDF]

Vardo-Zalik, A. M., Ford, A. F., and J. J. Schall. 2009. Detecting number of clones, and their relative abundance, of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum) infecting its vertebrate host. Parasitology Research 105:209-215. [PDF]

Vardo-Zalik, A. M. and J. J. Schall. 2009. Clonal diversity alters the infection dynamics of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum) within its vertebrate host. Ecology 90:529-536. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2008. Sex ratios writ small. Nature 453:605-606. [PDF]

Vardo-Zalik, A. M. and J. J. Schall. 2008. Clonal diversity within infections and the virulence of a malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum. Parasitology 135:1363-1372. [PDF]

Martinsen, E. M., B. J. Blumberg, R. J. Eisen, and J. J. Schall. 2008. Avian haemosporidian parasites (phylum Apicomplexa) from northern California oak woodland and chaparral habitats. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 44:260-268. [PDF]

Martinsen, E. M., S. L. Perkins, and J. J. Schall. 2008. A three-genome phylogeny of malaria parasites (Plasmodium and closely related genera): Evolution of life-history traits and host switches. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47:261-273. [PDF]

Vardo, A. M. and J. J. Schall. 2007. Clonal diversity of a lizard malaria parasite, Plasmodium mexicanum, in its vertebrate host, the western fence lizard: role of variation in transmission intensity over time and space. Molecular Ecology 16:2712-2720. [PDF]

Martinsen, E. S. , J. L. Waite, and J. J. Schall. 2007. Morphologically defined subgenera of Plasmodium from avian hosts: test of monophyly by phylogenetic analysis of two mitochondrial genes. Parasitology 134:483-490. [PDF]

Vardo, A. M., K. D. Kaufhold, and J. J. Schall. 2007. Experimental test for premunition in a lizard malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum). Journal of Parasitology 93:280-282. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. and A. M. Vardo. 2007. Identification of microsatellite markers in Plasmodium mexicanum, a lizard malaria parasite that infects nucleated erythrocytes. Molecular Ecology Notes 7:227-229. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2007. Book Review: Avian Malaria Parasites and other Haemosporidia by Gediminas Valkiunas. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43:322-324.[PDF]

Martinsen, E. M., I. Paperna, and J. J. Schall. 2006. Morphological versus molecular identification of avian haemosporidia: an exploration of species concepts. Parasitology 133:279-288.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and T. C. Smith. 2006. Detection of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum) in ectoparasites (mites and ticks), and possible significance for transmission. Journal of Parasitology 92:413-415. [PDF]

Vardo, A. M., A. R. Wargo, and J. J. Schall. 2005. PCR detection of lizard malaria parasites: prevalence of Plasmodium infections with low-level parasitemia differs by site and season. Journal of Parasitology 91:1509-1511. [PDF]

Osgood, S. M. and J. J. Schall. 2004. Gametocyte sex ratio of a malaria parasite: response to experimental manipulation of parasite clonal diversity. Parasitology 128:23-29 [PDF]

Charleston, M. A., and S. L. Perkins. 2003. Lizards, malaria, and jungles in the Caribbean. In Tangled Trees: Phylogeny, Cospeciation and Coevolution (Page, R. D. M., ed.) Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Osgood, S. M., A. Wargo, R. J. Eisen, and J. J. Schall. 2003. Manipulation of host's testosterone does not affect gametocyte sex ratio of a malaria parasite. Journal of Parasitology 89:190-192. [PDF]

Perkins, S. L. and J. J. Schall. 2002. A molecular phylogeny of malaria parasites recovered from cytochrome b gene sequences. Journal of Parasitology 88:972-978. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2002. Parasite virulence. In E. E. Lewis, J. F. Cambell, and M. V. K. Sukhdeo (eds) The Behavioral Ecology of Parasites, CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK. pp. 283-313.[PDF]

Osgood, S. M., R. J. Eisen, and J. J. Schall. 2002. Gametocyte sex ratio of a malaria parasite: Experimental test of heritability. Journal of Parasitology 88:494-498 [PDF].

Schall, J. J. and C. M. Staats. 2002. The virulence of lizard malaria: Three species of Plasmodium infecting Anolis sabanus, the endemic Caribbean anole of Saba, Netherlands Antilles. Copeia 2002:39-43.[PDF]

Eisen, R. J. 2001. Absence of measurable malaria-induced mortality in western fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis) in nature: a four year study of annual and over-winter mortality. Oecologia, 127: 586-589. [PDF]

Eisen, R. J. and N. M. Wright. 2001. Landscape features associated with infection by a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum) and the importance of multiple scale studies. Parasitology, 122: 507-513. [PDF]

Perkins, S. L., and A. K. Keller. 2001. Phylogeny of nuclear small subunit rRNA genes of hemogregarines amplified with specific primers. Journal of Parasitology 87:870-876.[PDF]

Perkins, S. L. 2001. Phylogeography of Caribbean lizard malaria: tracing the history of vector borne parasites. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14:34-45.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. 2000. Transmission success of the malaria parasite Plasmodium mexicanum into its vector: Role of gametocyte density and sex ratio. Parasitology 121:575-580.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and A. R. Pearson. 2000. Body condition of a Puerto Rican anole, Anolis gundlachi: Effect of a malaria parasite and weather variation. Journal of Herpetology 34:489-491.[PDF]

Eisen, R. J. and J. J. Schall. 2000. Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): Assessment of independent traits and origin of variation. Proceedings of the Royal Society - B 267:793-799.[PDF]

Schall, J. J., A. R. Pearson, and S. L. Perkins. 2000. Prevalence of malaria parasites (Plasmodium floridense and P. azurophilum) infecting a Puerto Rican lizard (Anolis gundlachi): A nine year study. Journal of Parasitology 86:511-515.[PDF]

Schall, J. J., H. R. Prendeville, and K. Hanley. 2000. Prevalence of the tick, Ixodes pacificus, on western fence lizards, Sceloporus occidentalis: Trends by site, gender, size, season, and mite infestation. Journal of Herpetology 34:160-163.[PDF]

Eisen, R. J. 2000. Variation in life-history traits of Plasmodium mexicanum, a malaria parasite infecting western fence lizards: a longitudinal study. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78: 1230-1237.[PDF]

Eisen, R. J. and D. F. DeNardo. 2000. Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum) in its host, the western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis): host testosterone as a source of seasonal and among host variation? Journal of Parasitology, 86: 1041-1045. [PDF]

Perkins, S. L. 2000. Species concepts and malaria parasites: detecting a cryptic species of Plasmodium. Royal Society of London B 267:2345-2350.[PDF]

Perkins, S. L., and J. M. Martin. 1999. Conserved PCR primers fail in diagnosis of parasitic infection. Journal of Parasitology 85:982-984. [PDF]

Perkins, S. L., S. M. Osgood, and J. J. Schall. 1998. Use of PCR for detection of subpatent infections of lizard malaria: implications for epizootiology. Molecular Ecology 7:1587-1590.

Yan, G., L. Stevens, C. J. Goodnight, and J. J. Schall. 1998. Effects of a tapeworm parasite on the competition of Tribolium beetles. Ecology 79:1093-1103.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and C. M. Staats. 1997. Parasites and the evolution of extravagant male characters: Anolis lizards on Caribbean islands as a test of the Hamilton-Zuk hypothesis. Oecologia 111:543-548.[PDF]

Eisen, R. J. and J. J. Schall. 1997. Comparing foraging success in submissive malaria-infected and territorial noninfected fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis). Journal of Herpetology 31:147-149.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1996. Malarial parasites of lizards: Diversity and ecology. Advances in Parasitology 37:255-333. [PDF]

Staats, C. M. and J. J. Schall. 1996. Distribution and abundance of two malarial parasites of the endemic Anolis lizard of Saba island, Netherlands Antilles. Journal of Parasitology 82:409-413. [PDF]

Staats, C. M. and J. J. Schall. 1996. Malarial parasites (Plasmodium) of Anolis lizards: Biogeography in the Lesser Antilles. Biotropica 28:388-393.[PDF]

Fialho, R. F. and J. J. Schall. 1995. Thermal ecology of a malarial parasite and its insect vector: Consequences for the parasite’s transmission success. Journal of Animal Ecology 64:553-562.[PDF]

Dunlap, K. D. and J. J. Schall. 1995. Hormonal alterations and reproductive inhibition in male fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis) infected with the malarial parasite Plasmodium mexicanum. Physiological Zoology 68:608-621.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and A. B. Marghoob. 1995. Prevalence of a malarial parasite over time and space: Plasmodium mexicanum in its vertebrate host, the western fence lizard, Sceloporus occidentaliis. Journal of Animal Ecology 64: 177-185.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and C. R. Bromwich. 1994. Interspecific interactions tested: Two species of malarial parasite in a west African lizard. Oecologia 97:326-332.[PDF]

Yan, G., L. Stevens, and J. J. Schall. 1994. Behavioral changes in Tribolium beetles infected with a tapeworm: Variation in effects between beetles species and among genetic strains. American Naturalist 143:830-847.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and S. Vogt. 1993. Distribution of malaria in Anolis lizards of the Luquillo Forest, Puerto Rico: Implications for host community ecology. Biotropica 25:229-235.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1992. Parasite-mediated competition in Anolis lizards. Oecologia 92:58-64.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and P. R. Houle. 1992. Malarial parasitism and home range and social status of male western fence lizards, Sceloporus occidentalis. Journal of Herpetology 26:74-76.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1990. Virulence of lizard malaria: The evolutionary ecology of an ancient parasite-host association. Parasitology 100:S35-S52. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1990. The ecology of lizard malaria. Parasitology Today 6:264-269. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1989. The sex ratio of Plasmodium gametocytes. Parasitology 98:343-350. [PDF]

Ressel, S. and J. J. Schall. 1989. Parasites and showy males: Malarial infection and color variation in fence lizards. Oecologia 78:158-164. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. and M. D. Dearing. 1987. Malarial parasitism and male competition for mates in the western fence lizard, Sceloporus occidentalis. Oecologia 73:389-392.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. and G. A. Sarni. 1987. Malarial parasitism and the behavior of the lizard, Sceloporus occidentalis. Copeia 1987:84-93. [PDF]

Bromwich, C. R. and J. J. Schall. 1986. Infection dynamics of Plasmodium mexicanum, a malarial parasite of lizards. Ecology 67:1227-1235.[PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1986. Prevalence and virulence of a haemogregarine parasite of the Aruban whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus arubensis. Journal of Herpetology 20:318-324. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1983. Lizard malaria: Cost to vertebrate host's reproductive success. Parasitology 87:1-6. [PDF]

Schall, J. J. 1982. Lizard malaria: Parasite-host ecology. In R. B. Huey, T. W. Schoener, and E. R. Pianka (eds.) Lizard Ecology: Studies on a Model Organism. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Schall, J. J. , A. F. Bennett, and R. W. Putnam. 1982. Lizards infected with malaria: Physiological and behavioral consequences. Science 217:1057-1059.[PDF]

Ayala, S. C. and J. J. Schall. 1977. Apparent absence of blood parasites in southwestern Texas Cnemidophorus. Southwestern Naturalist 22:134-135.