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articles (gli articoli)

There are two types of articles: definite, or determinate (the equivalent of the English "the") and indefinite or indeterminate (the equivalent of the English "a" or "an").

The forms of the articles always vary according to the gender and number of the noun to which they refer; also, the first letter of the noun affects the form of the article.

articolo determinativo (definite article)
lo: for masculine singular nouns beginning with z or s+consonant
plural=gli

il: for masculine singular nouns beginning with all other consonants
plural=i

l': for masculine singular nouns beginning with any vowel
plural=gli

la: for feminine singular nouns beginning with any consonant
plural=le

l': for feminine sigular, beginning with any vowel
plural=le

articolo indeterminativo (indefinite article; singular only)
una: for feminine nouns beginning with any consonant
un': for feminine nouns beginning with any vowel
uno: for masculine nouns beginning with z or s+consonant
un: for all other masculine nouns

The definite article is used much more in Italian than in English: for example, with abstract and generic nouns (amo la vita=I love life), with seasons and times of day (non mi piace l'inverno=I do not like winter; sono le 4=it is 4 o'clock), with names of countries and regions (la Spagna è vicino all'Italia=Spain is near Italy; la mia regione è il Lazio=my region is Lazio); etc.

in Italian, articles are used more than in English:

La vita è bella=
Life is beautiful

proverbi

Una rondine non fa primavera.

Meglio un uovo oggi che una gallina domani.

Il primo amore non si scorda mai.

esercizi

1. aggiungi gli articoli alle preposizioni (Gianni Rodari, "Gli uomini di burro")

2. inserisci l'articolo giuswto (Gianni Rodari e Giovanni Boccaccio_

3. l'aggettivo indeterminativo e buono

4. l'aggettivo determinativo e bello

5. aggiungi l'articolo determinativo