Web Page Material

for Statistical Methods for Psychology, 8th ed.

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This website is intended to support Statistical Methods in Psychology, 8th edition by David C. Howell. (If you are using the 6th or 7th edition, simply change the URLs by changing "methods8" to "methods6" or "methods7" in the address bar.) The website is intended to serve a number of functions. It will provide data that you can use for examples and exercises, answers to exercises (some of them), and other material that you may find useful. In addition, I have tried to incorporate important material on topics that I don't discuss in the text, and helpful hints about where to find useful information on the web. 

Supplemental Material Including R

Over the years I have assembled a large number of web pages that discuss material that is not covered in the text but go beyond what the text does cover. For example, a standard repeated measures analysis of variance assumes that each subject provides complete data, but there are alternative models of analysis that relax that restriction. Similarly, I discuss the chi-square test at length in the book, but I don't seriously address the question of what you do when your categorical variable is measured on an ordinal scale. I cannot include all of this material in the text because it would probably double its length. So I am making some of that material available via the web. Some of these supplements will be fairly short, and some of them are quite long. I plan to make some of them available as pdf documents because, especially for the long ones, it is easier to print them out rather than work through them on your computer screen. In addition, in the 8th edition I have provided a number of programs (or "code snippets") that will run under the programming environment R. You can get to those and similar pages from this index of supplements.

Data Files

These files contain the data from most of the examples and exercises in the book. The first line of each file contains the variable names. Instruct your software to treat that line as variable names. In SPSS this is done simply by clicking the appropriate button on the second dialog box. These are ASCII files, and can be imported quite easily into any statistical software. All files are tab-delimited, meaning that a tab character separates adjacent values.

Student Manual

I have provided fairly complete answers to odd numbered questions. Where questions ask you to think of an example of something, or verify that your results are the same as the results obtained by software, I generally do not provide answers because there is little to provide. Students often complain that I don't provide answers to the even numbered questions as well, but many instructors do not want all of the answers available. I am just following their requests, which I think are quite reasonable.


Much as I try, assisted by copy editors and proofreaders, errors always find a way of sneaking in. When I find those, or when they are pointed out to me, I add an entry on the errata sheet and try to give credit where it is due.

Useful websites

There is a surprising amount of material available over the internet, and much of it can make the teaching and learning of statistics easier. I have provided links to those websites that I think are particularly useful. However links go bad for reasons completely beyond my control (e.g., the author changes the server on which her pages are posted, or she moves to another university.) As a result, you may get error messages. The easiest thing to do is to try to recover the material by dropping off the last bit of each URL and seeing if that gets you anywhere. Or take the name of the html file and do a search on Google. If I were to change universities, which I won't, I would not rename all of my pages, so searching for the page name would likely get you where you want to go.

Java Applets

A Java applet is a program that can be included in an HTML document and run over the web. There are many of them out there, and they are useful to illustrate important concepts, to serve as statistical calculators for statistical functions, and to simply run analyses. I have links to several of these on the applet page.


A glossary is a list of terms and their definitions. The main one that I point to is one that I wrote, but many other people have written them and I point to theirs as well.

SPSS Manuals

Review of Arthmetic

I have written a review of basic arithmetic to accompany the Fundamentals book that I wrote. I am always surprised how often people forget some of the most basic material--myself included. You may well know everything in this review, but if you don't, or knew it but don't remember it now, the review should be helpful.

One more word of advice

I can't resist adding what is perhaps the best advice I have. If there is something that you don't understand, just remember that "Google is your friend." She certainly is mine. If you don't understand what Fisher's Exact Test is, or you don't like my explanation, go to Google and type in Fisher's Exact Test. I just did that and had 260,000 hits. You can't tell me that there isn't going to be something useful in there.


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