MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

The Biological Science B.S. major requirements are listed in the UVM Catalog under both the College of Arts and Sciences: B.S. in Biological Science, CAS, and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences: B.S in Biological Science, CALS.  This "cross-college" major spans departments as well, offering you the opportunity to tailor your academic experience at two levels:

College-level Requirements

The major requirements for the Biological Science B.S. are the same regardless of college.  However, in addition to courses required for completion of a major program, (and University-wide required courses in writing, diversity, sustainability, and quantitative reasoning), each college has its own requirements to ensure graduates have received a well-rounded education.  Outlined below are the descriptions for the ~11 courses required by each college that hosts the Biological Science major.  Note: courses taken for the major (e.g. biology, mathematics, etc.) can doubly count toward these college-level requirements.

College of Arts and Sciences (CAS)College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS)
  • Distribution Requirements: Two of the following three categories: (i) 2 fine arts/literature courses (one in each area), (ii) 2 foreign language courses (same language), or (iii) 2 humanities courses; and, 2 natural sciences courses with lab, 2 mathematics courses, and 2 social sciences courses.
  • General requirement: one course in non-European culture that is not a language course. (May jointly satisfy distribution or diversity requirement.)
  • 84 credits must be from within CAS.

   Core Competencies:

  • Knowledge: 2 humanities/fine arts courses, 2 physical/life science courses, and 2 social science courses.
  • Skills: 1 mathematics course, 1 statistics course, 1 writing course, as well as CALS 001: Communication Methods and CALS 002: Information Technology (or equivalent courses).

 

Department-level Advanced Life Science Electives

The Biological Science major requires 26 credits of Advanced Life Science Electives - meaning 7-8 courses at the 100- or 200-level that you choose from a list of over 150.  These courses come from 20 different departments, and include undergraduate research.  You could take a variety of different topics, or all of your credits from one field; it’s up to you.  In year two, meet with an advisor to map a plan of study for completing your Advanced Life Science Electives.

The following rules apply to the Advanced Life Science Elective requirement:

  • No more than 8 credits at the 100-level may be applied to the requirement (not including BCOR courses) except with written permission from an advisor and not exceeding three 100-level courses.

  • With an advisor's permission, biologically relevant 300-level courses may be applied to the requirement.

  • Up to 6 credits of undergraduate research in any biological discipline may be applied toward the requirement. Only three of these can be taken for credit at the 100-level, and these will be counted in the 8 credits allowed at the 100-level.

Advanced Life Science Electives List

The courses listed below, by department, are pre-approved to count toward the elective requirement for the B.S. degree in Biological Science.  If you are interested in a life science course not on this list, consult with one of the Biological Science program directors to determine whether it can be used as an Advanced Elective.  The Advanced Life Science Electives being offered in a given semester can be found in the 'See Also' section of the Schedule of Courses under BioCore.

The B.S. degree in Biological Science has an additional recommendation as to the types of skills one should obtain in taking their Advanced Life Science Electives. The minimum is that students should gain 12 credits in elective courses that include a quantitative ("Q") component, 3 credits that stress oral ("O") communication, and 3 credits that stress written ("W") communication.  The Skillset column below indicates which of these skills a course includes.  A blank in the skillset column indicates that it is unknown whether this course fulfills any of the skillset requirements; consult the course's instructor.  A * indicates an assignment is optional; a student would need to complete the assignment to earn the skillset credit.

Animal Science

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
ASCI 111Animal Anatomy-,-,-4y  
ASCI 118Applied Animal HealthQOW3 y 
ASCI 120General Physiology 3 y 
ASCI 143Forage and Pasture Management (crosslisted w/PSS 143) 4e.o.  
ASCI 147SU: Wildife Health & Conservation   y 
ASCI 168Animal Genetics---3 y 
ASCI 177Animal Plagues & Global HealthO.W.3 e.o. 
ASCI 215Physiology of ReproductionQ, O3 y 
ASCI 216EndocrinologyOW3y  
ASCI 220Lactation PhysiologyQ, O, W3 e.o. 
ASCI 242Advanced Animal NutritionQOW4y  
ASCI 272Adv. Topics: Zoos, Exotics, and Endangered Species-, -, -3 yy
ASCI 277Animal and Human Parasitology 3 e.o. 

 

Biochemistry

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
BIOC 191/192Undergraduate Research variableyy 
BIOC 201Fundamentals of BiochemistryQO*W3yyy
BIOC 205Biochemistry (crosslisted w/CHEM 205 & MMG 205)Q3y  
BIOC 206Biochemistry II (crosslisted w/CHEM 206 & MMG 206)-, O, W3 y 
BIOC 207Biochemistry Lab (crosslisted w/CHEM 207 & MMG 207)Q, O, W3 y 
BIOC 263Nutritional BiochemistryQ, O, W3 y 
BIOC 275Adv. Biochemistry of Human Disease 3y  
BIOC 292Undergraduate Research variableyy 
BIOC 293Independent Study variableyy 
BIOC 294Teaching AssistantshipO*1yy 
BIOC 295/296Advanced Special Topics variableyy 

 

Biology and BioCore

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
BCOR 189Biology in PracticeW yy 
BCOR 195Intermediate Special Topics, or other variable   
BCOR 197Teaching AssistantshipO*1yy 
BCOR 198/298Undergraduate ResearchQ* W*variableyyvariable
BIOL 188Soundscapes and Behavior ResearchQOW3yy 
BIOL 189Teaching Assistantship  yy 
BIOL 195/196Special Topics variableyy 
BIOL 198Undergraduate ResearchQ*, Wvariableyy 
BIOL 199Introduction to Marine ScienceO3 y 
BIOL 205Advanced Genetics & Proteomics LaboratoryQOW4 y 
BIOL 209Field Zoology of ArthropodsQ O4y  
BIOL 212Comparative Histology 4 y 
BIOL 217MammalogyQOW4y  
BIOL 219Comparative Function of Vertebrate Anatomy 4 y 
BIOL 223Developmental Biology-, -, -3y  
BIOL 242Research Mthds in Human Diversity (crosslisted w/ANTH 242)QOW4y  
BIOL 254Population GeneticsQ-W4y y
BIOL 255Comparative PhysiologyQ, O, W4y  
BIOL 261Neurobiology-, O*, -3yy 
BIOL 264Community EcologyQ, O, W3y  
BIOL 266NeurodevelopmentO3y  
BIOL 269Plant-Animal InteractionsQ, O, W3y  
BIOL 271EvolutionQ, -, W3y  
BIOL 276Behavioral EcologyQ, -, W3e.o.  
BIOL 277Sociobiology-, -, W3 e.o. 
BIOL 292Independent Study-OWvariableyy 
BIOL 295/296Advanced Special Topics variableyyy
BIOL 298Undergraduate ResearchQ*, Wvariableyy 
BIOL 381AComputational BiologyQ,  ,  4 y 

 

Biomedical & Health Sciences

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
BHSC 242Immunology--W3 e.o. 
BHSC 244Immunology Lab 1 y 
BHSC 281Applied Molecular Biology 3y  
BHSC 282Applied Molecular Biology Lab 1y  

 

Communication Science & Disorders

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
CSD 281Intro Cognitive NeuroscienceQO*W3y y

 

Environmental Science

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
ENSC 148Global Environmental Change 3 y 
ENSC 160Pollutant Movement Through Air, Land, and WaterQ, O, W4y  
ENSC 201Recovery and Restoration of Altered Ecosystems 4 y 
ENSC 274SU: Climate Change: Science & Perception 3 e.o. 

 

Forestry

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
FOR 223Multi-Resource SilvicultureQ, O, W4y  
FOR 228Ecosystems Ecology (crosslisted w/NR 228) 3y  

 

Honors

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
HON 208Honors: Biology (Thesis Research)Q,O,Wvariabley  
HON 209Honors: Biology (Thesis Research)Q,O,Wvariable y 
HON 210Honors: Plant BiologyQ,O,Wvariabley  
HON 211Honors: Plant BiologyQ,O,Wvariable y 

 

Mathematics and Statistics

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
MATH 268Mathematical Biology and EcologyQ,O,W3 y 
STAT 200Medical Biostatistics & EpidemiologyQO*W3yy 

 

Medical Laboratory Science

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
MLS 231HematologyQ, O, W4y  
MLS 255Clinical Microbiology II-,-,W3y  

 

Microbiology & Molecular Genetics

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
MMG 101Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesQW4y  
MMG 104Intro Recombinant DNA TechQ, O, -3 y 
MMG 106Intro Biomedical Research Methods 3 y 
MMG 192Independent Study variableyy 
MMG 193Teaching Assistantship variableyy 
MMG 195Intermediate Special Topics variableyy 
MMG 197/198Undergraduate ResearchQOWvariableyy 
MMG 201Molecular Cloning LabQ, O, W4y  
MMG 205Biochemistry (crosslisted w/CHEM 205 & MMG 205)Q3y  
MMG 206Biochemistry II (crosslisted w/CHEM 206 & MMG 206)-, O, W3 y 
MMG 207Biochemistry Lab (crosslisted w/CHEM 207 & MMG 207)Q, O, W3 y 
MMG 211Prokaryotic Molecular GeneticsQ, O, W3y  
MMG 220Environmental Microbiology-, O, W3 e.o. 
MMG 222Advanced Medical Microbiology-, -, W4 y 
MMG 223Immunology-, -, W*3 e.o. 
MMG 225Eukaryotic Virology-, -, -3e.o.  
MMG 230Adv. Studies in Emerging Infectious Diseases-, O, W3e.o.  
MMG 231QR: Bioinformatics and Data analysisQ3y  
MMG 232QR: Advanced BioinformaticsQ, O, W3 e.o. 
MMG 233Genetics and GenomicsQ, O, -3y  
MMG 235Bioterrorism 3 y 
MMG 292Independent Study variableyy 
MMG 293Teaching Assistantship     
MMG 295/296Adv. Special Topics, as appropriate variableyy 
MMG 297/298Undergraduate ResearchQOWvariableyy 

 

Natural Resources

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
NR 220Landscape EcologyQOW3sporadicsporadic 
NR 228Ecosystems Ecology (crosslisted w/ FOR 228) 3y  
NR 250LimnologyQOW4y  
NR 268Soil Ecology (crosslisted w/ PSS 268)QO*W4 e.o. 
NR 280Stream EcologyQOW4y  

 

Neuroscience

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
NSCI 111Exploring Neuroscience-O-3yy 
NSCI 112Exploring Neuroscience LabQ-W1yy 
NSCI 222Cellular NeorophysiologyQOW3 y 
NSCI 225Human Neuroanatomy---3 y 
NSCI 255NeuroregenerationOW3 y 
NSCI 270Diseases of the Nervous System-, O, W3yy 

 

Nutrition & Food Sciences

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
NFS 143Nutrition in the LifecycleQO-3y y
NFS 163Sports NutritionQOW3y  
NFS 203Food Microbiology-OW3y e.o. 
NFS 213Food Microbiology LabQ-W1y  
NFS 243Advanced NutritionQOW3 yy

 

Pharmacology

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
PHRM 200Medical CannabisW3 y 
PHRM 201Introduction to PharmacologyQ, -, W3y  
PHRM 240Molecules and MedicineQW*3y  
PHRM 272ToxicologyQW*3 y 
PHRM 290Topics in Molecular and Cellular PharmacologyQ*, -, W*3 y 

 

Plant Biology

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
PBIO 104Plant PhysiologyQ, W4 y 
PBIO 108Morphology & Evolution of Vascular Plants-, -, W4 e.o. 
PBIO 109Plant Systematics-, -, -4y  
PBIO 117Plant Pathology (crosslisted w/ PSS 117)O4yy 
PBIO 133SU: How Plants Can Save the WorldQ*OW3y  
PBIO 151Plant Anatomy 3sporadicsporadic 
PBIO 177Biology of FungiO4y sporadic
PBIO 192Independent Study variableyy 
PBIO 195Intermediate Special Topics variableyy 
PBIO 198Undergraduate Research variableyy 
PBIO 209Biology of FernsOW3 e.o. 
PBIO 223Fundamentals of Field ScienceQOW3y  
PBIO 232Botany Field TripO?1e.o.e.o. 
PBIO 241Tropical Plant SystematicsOW3e.o.  
PBIO 261Plant Growth & Development-, -, W3 sporadic 
PBIO 275Global Change Ecology 3  y
PBIO 292Independent Study variableyy 
PBIO 294QR: Ecological ModelingQ3  y
PBIO 295Advanced Special Topics variableyy 
PBIO 298Undergraduate Research variableyy 

 

Plant & Soil Science

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
PSS 106Entomology and Pest Management-, -, -4y  
PSS 112Weed Ecology & ManagementQOW3y  
PSS 117Plant Pathology (crosslisted w/ PBIO 117)O4yy 
PSS 138Commercial Plant Propagation-, O, W4 y 
PSS 143Forage and Pasture Management (crosslisted w/ASCI 143)-, O, W4e.o.  
PSS 154Composting Ecology and Management-, O, W3 yy
PSS 156PermacultureO3yyy
PSS 212Advanced Agroecology 4y  
PSS 232Biological ControlQ, O, W3 e.o. 
PSS 268Soil Ecology (crosslisted w/ NR 268)QO*W4 e.o. 
PSS 295Ecological Frontiers in AgroecologyQ, O, W3 e.o. 

 

Psychological Science

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
PSYS 115BiopsychologyQ3 yy
PSYS 215Physiological PsychologyW4yy 
PSYS 216PsychopharmacologyQW3yy 
PSYS 218Hormones and BehaviorOW3e.o. e.o.
PSYS 220Behavioral Genetics 3 y 

 

Wildlife & Fisheries Biology

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
WFB 130Ornithology---3 y 
WFB 131Field Ornithology-, O*, -2  y
WFB 141Field HerpetologyQOW4 y 
WFB 150Wildlife Habitat and Population MeasurementsQ, -, W1  y
WFB 161Fisheries Biology and TechniquesQ, -, W4y  
WFB 174Principles of Wildlife ManagementQ, -, W3y  
WFB 195Intermediate Special Topics, as appropriate variableyy 
WFB 224Conservation BiologyQ, -, W4 yy
WFB 232Ichthyology-, -, W3 e.o. 
WFB 261Fisheries ManagementQ, O, W3 e.o. 
WFB 275Wildlife BehaviorQ, -, W3y  
WFB 283Terrestrial Wildlife EcologyQ, O, W4 y 

 

Full list

CourseCourse TitleSkillsetsCreditsFallSpringSummer
ANTH 242Research Mthds in Human Diversity (crosslisted w/BIOL 242)Q,O,W4y  
ASCI 111Animal Anatomy-,-,-4y  
ASCI 118Applied Animal HealthQOW3 y 
ASCI 120General Physiology 3 y 
ASCI 143Forage and Pasture Management (crosslisted w/PSS 143) 4e.o.  
ASCI 147SU: Wildife Health & Conservation   y 
ASCI 168Animal Genetics---3 y 
ASCI 177Animal Plagues & Global HealthO.W.3 e.o. 
ASCI 215Physiology of ReproductionQ, O3 y 
ASCI 216EndocrinologyOW3y  
ASCI 220Lactation PhysiologyQ, O, W3 e.o. 
ASCI 242Advanced Animal NutritionQOW4y  
ASCI 272Adv. Topics: Zoos, Exotics, and Endangered Species-, -, -3 yy
ASCI 277Animal and Human Parasitology 3 e.o. 
BCOR 189Biology in PracticeW yy 
BCOR 195Intermediate Special Topics, or other variable   
BCOR 197Teaching AssistantshipO*1yy 
BCOR 198/298Undergraduate ResearchQ* W*variableyy?
BHSC 242Immunology--W3 e.o. 
BHSC 244Immunology Lab 1 y 
BHSC 281Applied Molecular Biology 3y  
BHSC 282Applied Molecular Biology Lab 1y  
BIOC 191/192Undergraduate Research variableyy 
BIOC 201Fundamentals of BiochemistryQO*W3yyy
BIOC 205Biochemistry (crosslisted w/CHEM 205 & MMG 205)Q3y  
BIOC 206Biochemistry II (crosslisted w/CHEM 206 & MMG 206)-, O, W3 y 
BIOC 207Biochemistry Lab (crosslisted w/CHEM 207 & MMG 207)Q, O, W3 y 
BIOC 263Nutritional BiochemistryQ, O, W3 y 
BIOC 275Adv. Biochemistry of Human Disease 3y  
BIOC 292Undergraduate Research variableyy 
BIOC 293Independent Study variableyy 
BIOC 294Teaching AssistantshipO*1yy 
BIOC 295/296Advanced Special Topics variableyy 
BIOL 188Soundscapes and Behavior ResearchQOW3yy 
BIOL 189Teaching Assistantship  yy 
BIOL 195/196Intermediate Special Topics variableyy 
BIOL 198Undergraduate ResearchQ*, Wvariableyy 
BIOL 199Introduction to Marine ScienceO3 y 
BIOL 205Advanced Genetics & Proteomics LaboratoryQOW4 y 
BIOL 209Field Zoology of ArthropodsQ O4y  
BIOL 212Comparative Histology 4 y 
BIOL 217MammalogyQOW4y  
BIOL 219Comparative Function of Vertebrate Anatomy 4 y 
BIOL 223Developmental Biology-, -, -3y  
BIOL 242Research Mthds in Human Diversity (crosslisted w/ANTH 242)QOW4y  
BIOL 254Population GeneticsQ-W4y y
BIOL 255Comparative PhysiologyQ, O, W4y  
BIOL 261Neurobiology-, O*, -3yy 
BIOL 264Community EcologyQ, O, W3y  
BIOL 266NeurodevelopmentO3y  
BIOL 269Plant-Animal InteractionsQ, O, W3y  
BIOL 271EvolutionQ, -, W3y  
BIOL 276Behavioral EcologyQ, -, W3e.o.  
BIOL 277Sociobiology-, -, W3 e.o. 
BIOL 292Independent Study-OWvariableyy 
BIOL 295/296Advanced Special Topics variableyyy
BIOL 298Undergraduate ResearchQ*, Wvariableyy 
BIOL 381AComputational BiologyQ,  ,  4 y 
CHEM 205Biochemistry (crosslisted w/BIOC 205 & MMG 205)Q3y  
CHEM 206Biochemistry II (crosslisted w/BIOC 206 & MMG 206)-, O, W3 y 
CHEM 207Biochemistry Lab (crosslisted w/BIOC 207 & MMG 207)Q, O, W3 y 
CSD 281Intro Cognitive NeuroscienceQO*W3y y
ENSC 148Global Environmental Change 3 y 
ENSC 160Pollutant Movement Through Air, Land, and WaterQ, O, W4y  
ENSC 201Recovery and Restoration of Altered Ecosystems 4 y 
ENSC 274SU: Climate Change: Science & Perception 3 e.o. 
FOR 223Multi-Resource SilvicultureQ, O, W4y  
FOR 228Ecosystems Ecology (crosslisted w/NR 228) 3y  
HON 208Honors: Biology (Thesis Research)Q,O,Wvariabley  
HON 209Honors: Biology (Thesis Research)Q,O,Wvariable y 
HON 210Honors: Plant BiologyQ,O,Wvariabley  
HON 211Honors: Plant BiologyQ,O,Wvariable y 
MATH 268Mathematical Biology and EcologyQ,O,W3 y 
MLS 231HematologyQ, O, W4y  
MLS 255Clinical Microbiology II-,-,W3y  
MMG 101Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesQW4y  
MMG 104Intro Recombinant DNA TechQ, O, -3 y 
MMG 106Intro Biomedical Research Methods 3 y 
MMG 192Independent Study variableyy 
MMG 193Teaching Assistantship variableyy 
MMG 195Intermediate Special Topics variableyy 
MMG 197/198Undergraduate ResearchQOWvariableyy 
MMG 201Molecular Cloning LabQ, O, W4y  
MMG 205Biochemistry (crosslisted w/CHEM 205 & MMG 205)Q3y  
MMG 206Biochemistry II (crosslisted w/CHEM 206 & MMG 206)-, O, W3 y 
MMG 207Biochemistry Lab (crosslisted w/CHEM 207 & MMG 207)Q, O, W3 y 
MMG 211Prokaryotic Molecular GeneticsQ, O, W3y  
MMG 220Environmental Microbiology-, O, W3 e.o. 
MMG 222Advanced Medical Microbiology-, -, W4 y 
MMG 223Immunology-, -, W*3 e.o. 
MMG 225Eukaryotic Virology-, -, -3e.o.  
MMG 230Adv. Studies in Emerging Infectious Diseases-, O, W3e.o.  
MMG 231QR: Bioinformatics and Data analysisQ3y  
MMG 232QR: Advanced BioinformaticsQ, O, W3 e.o. 
MMG 233Genetics and GenomicsQ, O, -3y  
MMG 235Bioterrorism 3 y 
MMG 292Independent Study variableyy 
MMG 293Teaching Assistantship     
MMG 295/296Adv. Special Topics, as appropriate variableyy 
MMG 297/298Undergraduate ResearchQOWvariableyy 
NFS 143Nutrition in the LifecycleQO-3y y
NFS 163Sports NutritionQOW3y  
NFS 203Food Microbiology-OW3y e.o. 
NFS 213Food Microbiology LabQ-W1y  
NFS 243Advanced NutritionQOW3 yy
NR 220Landscape EcologyQOW3sporadicsporadic 
NR 228Ecosystems Ecology (crosslisted w/ FOR 228) 3y  
NR 250LimnologyQOW4y  
NR 268Soil Ecology (crosslisted w/ PSS 268)QO*W4 e.o. 
NR 280Stream EcologyQOW4y  
NSCI 111Exploring Neuroscience-O-3yy 
NSCI 112Exploring Neuroscience LabQ-W1yy 
NSCI 222Cellular NeorophysiologyQOW3 y 
NSCI 225Human Neuroanatomy---3 y 
NSCI 255NeuroregenerationOW3 y 
NSCI 270Diseases of the Nervous System-, O, W3yy 
PBIO 104Plant PhysiologyQ, W4 y 
PBIO 108Morphology & Evolution of Vascular Plants-, -, W4 e.o. 
PBIO 109Plant Systematics-, -, -4y  
PBIO 117Plant Pathology (crosslisted w/ PSS 117)O4yy 
PBIO 133SU: How Plants Can Save the WorldQ*OW3y  
PBIO 151Plant Anatomy 3sporadicsporadic 
PBIO 177Biology of FungiO4y sporadic
PBIO 192Independent Study variableyy 
PBIO 195Intermediate Special Topics variableyy 
PBIO 198Undergraduate Research variableyy 
PBIO 209Biology of FernsOW3 e.o. 
PBIO 223Fundamentals of Field ScienceQOW3y  
PBIO 232Botany Field TripO?1e.o.e.o. 
PBIO 241Tropical Plant SystematicsOW3e.o.  
PBIO 261Plant Growth & Development-, -, W3 sporadic 
PBIO 275Global Change Ecology 3  y
PBIO 292Independent Study variableyy 
PBIO 294QR: Ecological ModelingQ3  y
PBIO 295Advanced Special Topics variableyy 
PBIO 298Undergraduate Research variableyy 
PHRM 200Medical CannabisW3 y 
PHRM 201Introduction to PharmacologyQ, -, W3y  
PHRM 240Molecules and MedicineQW*3y  
PHRM 272ToxicologyQW*3 y 
PHRM 290Topics in Molecular and Cellular PharmacologyQ*, -, W*3 y 
PSS 106Entomology and Pest Management-, -, -4y  
PSS 112Weed Ecology & ManagementQOW3y  
PSS 117Plant Pathology (crosslisted w/ PBIO 117)O4yy 
PSS 138Commercial Plant Propagation-, O, W4 y 
PSS 143Forage and Pasture Management (crosslisted w/ASCI 143)-, O, W4e.o.  
PSS 154Composting Ecology and Management-, O, W3 yy
PSS 156PermacultureO3yyy
PSS 212Advanced Agroecology 4y  
PSS 232Biological ControlQ, O, W3 e.o. 
PSS 268Soil Ecology (crosslisted w/ NR 268)QO*W4 e.o. 
PSS 295Ecological Frontiers in AgroecologyQ, O, W3 e.o. 
PSYS 115BiopsychologyQ3 yy
PSYS 215Physiological PsychologyW4yy 
PSYS 216PsychopharmacologyQW3yy 
PSYS 218Hormones and BehaviorOW3e.o. e.o.
PSYS 220Behavioral Genetics 3 y 
STAT 200Medical Biostatistics & EpidemiologyQO*W3yy 
WFB 130Ornithology---3 y 
WFB 131Field Ornithology-, O*, -2  y
WFB 141Field HerpetologyQOW4 y 
WFB 150Wildlife Habitat and Population MeasurementsQ, -, W1  y
WFB 161Fisheries Biology and TechniquesQ, -, W4y  
WFB 174Principles of Wildlife ManagementQ, -, W3y  
WFB 195Intermediate Special Topics, as appropriate variableyy 
WFB 224Conservation BiologyQ, -, W4 yy
WFB 232Ichthyology-, -, W3 e.o. 
WFB 261Fisheries ManagementQ, O, W3 e.o. 
WFB 275Wildlife BehaviorQ, -, W3y  
WFB 283Terrestrial Wildlife EcologyQ, O, W4 y 

 

golden spider

Starting out as BioSci major

Interested in biology, but not sure what you want to focus on?  NO PROBLEM.  The first and second years of study in the Biological Science major impart core knowledge and skills in biology, chemistry, and math.  This core set of prerequisites is the same across several life science majors, so you’ll be learning alongside like-minded students from various departments, garnering insight into what biological disciplines you’d like to pursue as an upperclassman.

Picking your BioSci electives

Broad or narrow?  The focus of this major is your choice.  Choose 7-8 courses from a huge list of offerings representing 20 different departments ranging from Neuroscience to Biochemistry to Wildlife & Fisheries Biology.

Being an Undergraduate Researcher

BioSci majors can apply up to 6 credits of undergraduate research to their advanced elective requirements! Whether through a department (e.g. MMG 198/298), a program (e.g. BCOR 198/298), or the honors college (HON 208/209), doing undergraduate research is learning beyond the classroom - in the real, active research labs of our university.

Going Pre-Med

Headed for medical or dental school?  All course requirements for most medical/dental schools and MCAT preparation can be satisfied by the BioSci major and associated college and university requirements.  Be sure to visit the Pre-Health Advising center.

Need help choosing?  Go to our Advising page.