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Jane Molofsky

Dr. Jane MolofskyProfessor of Plant Biology

Ph.D. 1993, Duke University

Email: Jane.Molofsky@uvm.edu

Phone: 802-656-0430

Office: 341 Jeffords Hall

Research Area: Evolution of Invasiveness, Population Dynamics, Coexistence in Plant Communities

Courses Taught: Plant Ecology (PBIO 160); Global Change Biology (PBIO 195/HCOL 196); Plant Population Biology (PBIO 260); Invasion Ecology (PBIO 295); Grant Writing for Ecologists (PBIO 295); Spatial Processes in Ecology and Evolution (PBIO 296)

Summary of Research Program

1. The role of spatial relationships in species coexistence and pattern formation in plant communities We have been studying how both positive and negative frequency-dependent feedbacks influence community temporal and spatial patterns. Contrary to current dogma, we have found that positive frequency dependent interactions (which are not predicted to promote diversity) can in a spatial model lead to coexistence of many species within plant communities. Current work is extending these results to multi-species communities.

Chart showing the ecolution of patterns from simple positive frequency dependent rules

2. Plant Population dynamics We have tested models of population dynamics using experimental populations of Cardamine pensylvanica grown in growth chambers over multiple generations. Using this experimental system, we investigate metapopulation dynamics in populations subject to different migration rates. We find that extinction risk increases with migration rate but that the relationship between migration rate and extinction is non-linear. Extinction risk sharply increased as the distance between local populations increased above a threshold value. Moreover, the most connected populations did not have the highest persistence levels. Current work is evaluating how increased nutrient levels affect population dynamics and whether such increases can alter dynamics from stable to cyclical to chaotic.

Extinction probability as a function of distance between adjacent populations. For further details see Molofsky & Ferdy 2005. PNAS 102:3726-3731.pdf

3. Traits leading to a species invasiveness I have been using the invasive grass, Phalaris arundinacea, reed canary grass, as a model system to ask questions about how different traits influence a species success and how this can affect a species ability to invade new habitats. We have identified 41 native and 49 invasive genotypes taken from Europe and North America for experimental work.

Selected Publications

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