The Savanna
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Description and Fun Facts!

  • The African Savanna takes up almost half of the continent, about 5 million square miles
  • It covers Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D'ivore, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, and South Africa.
  • A rolling grassland dotted with trees is one way to define the African Savanna.
  • The African Savanna is a thornbush savanna, which has many different kinds of plants.
  • The Savanna is home to numerous mammals as well as to hundreds of species of birds.
  • The Serengeti, located in the Savanna, is one of the most famous national parks in the world.
  • The Serengeti has the most grazing animals and their predators in Africa.
  • Some of the greatest wildlife scenes ever seen have taken place there.
  • The Savanna is very well preserved by its people. If it weren't for their efforts, the Savanna wouldn't be the treasure that it is today.



Animal Life

  • Around 2 million large plant-eating mammals live in the Savanna.
  • There are 45 species of mammals, almost 500 species of birds, and 55 species of acacia in the Serengeti Plains.
  • There are animals such as Lions, Black Mambas, African Elephants, African Wild Dogs, Grant Zebra's, Crocodiles,African wildcats, klipspringer, steenbok, Burchells zebra, African Savanna monitor, and puff adders.
  • The Savanna has the largest diversity of hoofed animals in the world including antelopes, wildebeest, buffalos, zebras, and rhinoceros.
  • Some animals are grazers and some are browsers and some animals are both.
  • Browsers nibble at the diferent levels of the trees for food.
  • Many animals have developd tough cheek teeth so they can stand their diets. Many animals cannot eat tough grass like the animals that live in the Savanna.
  • Over time some animals have also developed speed for hunting, such as the cheetahs.
  • Other animals, like the giraffes have developed long legs to become too high for a cheetah or other predators to get to.
  • Many animals migrate when it becomes too hot or too cold for them, and some even burrow in the ground (much like hibernation).

PLANT LIFE
  • The Savanna has many different kinds of plants, such as: acacia senegal, candelabra tree, jackalberry tree, umbrella thorn acacia, whistling thorn, Bermuda grass, baobabs, and elephant grass. The Serengeti Plains are a grass savanna that has very dry but nutrient-rich volcanic sand. Around 2 million large plant-eating mammals live in the savanna.
  • Many plants have developed long tap roots to be able to reach down to water.
  • Certain types of trees have thick, fire resistant bark and trunks that are able to store water.
CLIMATE
  • Annual rainfall in the African Savanna is about the same as that of Wisconsin.
  • During the rainy season, beginning in May and ending in November, they get fifteen to twenty-five inches of rain a month.
  • In the dry season they only get about four inches of rain.
  • The dry season occurs more then seven months of the year, from October to March in the southern hemisphere and April to September in the northern hemisphere.
  • The dry season comes in the low sun period and the wet season comes in the high sun period.
  • They have a wet-dry tropical climate.




The chimp will bring you home!

            chimp pic.