is a Hurricane?
Hurricanes are a severe and deadly tropical storm that starts in the
ocean. Hurricanes move in a counter clockwise direction, rotating
around an “Eye.” A Tropical storm is considered a hurricane only
when it’s winds exceed 74 miles per hour. Hurricanes are
dangerous and can cause torrential rains, thunderstorms, flooding,
waves, severe winds and even tornadoes. When hurricanes hit land they
can destroy homes, cars and trees with their forceful winds, rain and
What causes a
Hurricanes generally start in the tropics, where there is plenty of
warm water to provide energy for the storm. Hurricanes occur when warm
air rises and forms thunderstorms. Due to the rotation of the
earth, this causes the thunderstorms to rotate in a counter clockwise
direction. As the winds begin to increase as well as the speed of the
rotation, this creates a tropical storm, which then turns into a
hurricane when the winds exceed 74 miles per hour. To learn more about
the hurricane scale, CLICK
Where are they likely
Hurricanes are most likely to occur in the tropical zones north
and south of the equator. Hurricanes generally occur throughout
July and October, north of the Equator, and during November and March
in areas south of the equator.
Winds can exceed over 150 miles per hour during a hurricane!
Hurricanes are measured on a scale from 1 to 5 based on wind
speed, potential damage and pressure.
Hurricanes are named based on 6 rotating lists created by
National Hurricane Center. Prior to 1979, only woman’s names were
used, however today both men’s and women’s name are used.
The “Eye” of the hurricane is where the air sinks, forming a
clear center of the storm.
The “Eye” of the hurricane can range from 5 miles to 100 miles
Hurricanes gain power when moving across the ocean, they tend to
lose momentum when they hit land.
“The deadliest hurricane in the United States struck Galveston,
Texas, in 1900. A storm surge almost two stories high broke over the
city, causing 20-foot (6.1-meter) floods and more than 8,000 deaths.
costliest hurricane was Andrew in 1992, which caused damages
totaling more than U.S. $25 billion in parts of Florida, Louisiana, and
What to do in a Hurricane?
It’s important to prepare for a hurricane before one hits, this means
getting important supplies, for example water, caned goods and
batteries. It’s also important to secure your house, to prevent damage,
this means closing shutters, trimming branches, clearing gutters, and
securing your roof. During a hurricane, listen to the radio for
updates, turn off all lights and propane tanks, and avoid using the
telephone. Your home will be in more danger if you live in higher
elevations, where hurricanes are stronger, if you live in a mobile
home, or if you live in low lying areas, which are more likely to
flood. If you feel endangered it’s important that you evacuate
immediately. While inside your house, close all windows, doors and
curtains and stay away from these areas. Go to the bottom level
or basement, for your best protection lie underneath a sturdy table or
go inside a closet. Always stay inside unless you feel endangered.