University of Vermont


Publications at the HBPL


  1. Budney, A.J., & Higgins, S.T. (1998). Treating Cocaine Dependence: A Community Reinforcement Plus Vouchers Approach. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  2. Higgins, S.T. & Katz, J.L. (Eds.), (1998). Cocaine Abuse: Behavior, Pharmacology, and Clinical Application. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  3. Higgins, S.T. & Silverman, K. (Eds.). (1999).  Motivating Behavior Change in Illicit-Drug Abusers: Contemporary Research on Contingency-Management Interventions.  Washington, DC: APA.
  4. Higgins, S.T., Silverman, K., & Heil, S.H. (Eds.) (2008).  Contingency Management in Substance Abuse Treatment.  New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
  5. Hughes J.R., (2009) Nicotine-related disorders.  In: Sadock B.J., Sadock V.A., Ruiz P. (eds) Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 9th Edition, New York, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: 1353-1360.

Articles and Chapters:

  1. Alessi, S.M., Badger, G.J., Higgins, S.T., (2004).  An experimental examination of the initial weeks of abstinence in cigarette smokers. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 12: 276-287.
  2. Benningfield, M.M.,  Arria, A.M., Kaltenbach, K., Heil, S.H., Stine, S.M., Coyle, M.G., Selby, P., Fischer, G., Jones, H.E., & Martin, P.R.  (in press).  Co-occurring psychiatric symptoms are associated with increased psychological, social, and medical impairment in opioid dependent pregnant women.  American Journal on Addictions. 
  3. Bernstein, I.M., Mongeon, M.A., Badger, G.J., Lynch, M.E., Solomon, L., Heil, S.H., & Higgins, S.T.  (2005).  Maternal smoking and its association with birth weight. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 106, 986-991.
  4. Budney, A.J. & Hughes, J.R. (2006). The cannabis withdrawal syndrome.  Current Opinion, 19, 233-238.
  5. Budney, A.J., Vandrey, R.G., Hughes, J.R., Moore, B.A. & Bahrenburg, B.  (2007). Oral delta-9 THC suppresses cannabis withdrawal symptoms.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 86, 22-29. PMID: 16769180
  6. Carpenter, M.J. & Hughes, J.R., (2005). Defining quit attempts: What difference does a day make? Addiction, 100, 257-259.
  7. Chivers, L.L., Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Proskin, R.W. & Thomas, C.S. (2008).  Effects of initial abstinence and programmed lapses on the relative reinforcing effects of cigarette smoking. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 481-497. PMCID: PMC2606599; PMID: 19192854
  8. Dunn, K.E., Sigmon, S.C. McGee, M. R., Heil, S.H. & Higgins, S.T.  (2008).  Evaluation of ongoing oxycodone abuse among methadone-maintained patients.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 35, 451-456. PMID: 18295434.
  9. Dunn, K.E., Sigmon, S.C., Reimann, E., Heil, S.H. & Higgins, S.T.  (2009).  Effects of smoking cessation among opioid maintenance patients on illicit drug use.  Journal of Drug Issues, 39 313-328.  PMC2855312; PMID: 20401340
  10. Dunn, K.E., Sigmon, S.C., Reimann, E.F., Badger, G.J., Heil, S.H. & Higgins, S.T. (2010).  A contingency-management intervention to promote initial smoking cessation among opioid-maintained patients.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 18, 37-50. PMID: 20158293
  11. Dunn, K.E., Sigmon, S.C., Thomas, C.S., Heil, S. & Higgins, S.T.  (2008).  Voucher-based contingent reinforcement of smoking abstinence among methadone-maintained patients: A pilot study.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 41, 527-538. PMCID: PMC2606604; PMID: 19192857
  12. Etter, J.F. & Hughes, J.R. (2006). A comparison of the psychometric properties of three cigarette withdrawal scales. Addiction, 101, 362-372. PMID: 16499509
  13. Garcia-Rodriguez, O. Secades-Villa, R., Higgins, S.T., Carballo, J.L., Díaz. S.A., Errasti Perez, J.M. and Fernandez-Hermida, J.  R.  (2009).  Effects of voucher-based intervention on abstinence and retention in an outpatient treatment for cocaine addiction: A randomized controlled trial.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 17, 131-138.  PMID: 19586227
  14. Garcia-Rodriguez, O., Secades-Villa, R., Higgins, S.T., Fernandez-Hermida, J.R. and Carballo, J.L. (2008).  Financing a voucher program for cocaine abusers through community donations in Spain. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 623-628. PMCID: PMC2606591; PMID: 19192866
  15. Heil, S.H.  (1999a).  Sex-specific effects of prolactin on food intake by rats.  Hormones and Behavior, 35, 47-54.  
  16. Heil, S.H.  (1999b).  Activational and organizational actions of gonadal hormones and the sex-specific effects of prolactin on food intake by rats.  Developmental Psychobiology, 35, 61-67.
  17. Heil, S.H., & Scott, T.  (2007).  Voucher-based reinforcement therapy for drug-dependent pregnant women. Heroin and Related Clinical Problems, 9, 27-38.  
  18. Heil, S.H., & Subramanian, M.G.  (1998).  Alcohol and the hormonal control of lactation.  Alcohol Health and Research World, 22, 178-184.
  19. Heil, S.H., & Subramanian, M.G.  (2000).  Chronic alcohol exposure and lactation:  Extended observations.  Alcohol, 20, 1-6.   
  20. Heil, S.H., Alessi, S., Lussier, J.P., Badger, G.J. & Higgins, S.T. (2004). An experimental test of the influence of prior cigarette smoking abstinence on future abstinence.  Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 6, 471-479.
  21. Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., & Higgins, S.T.  (2001).  Alcohol dependence among cocaine-dependent outpatients:  Demographics, drug use, treatment outcome and other characteristics.  Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62, 14-22.  
  22. Heil, S.H., Coyle, M.G., Fischer, G., Jones, H.E., Kaltenbach, K., Martin, P.R., Selby, P., & Stine, S.M.  (2006).  The MOTHER (Maternal Opioid Treatment:  Human Experimental Research) Study. The Addictions Newsletter, 13, 7-9.
  23. Heil, S.H., Higgins, S.T., Bernstein, I.M., Solomon, L.J., Thomas, C.S., Badger, G.J., Lynch, M.E. (2008). Effects of voucher-based incentives on abstinence from cigarette smoking and fetal growth among pregnant women. Addiction, 103, 1009-1018.   PMC#: PMC2731575; PMID: 18482424
  24. Heil, S.H., Higgins, S.T., Mongeon, J.A., Badger, G.J., & Bernstein, I.M., (2006). Characterizing nicotine withdrawal in pregnant cigarette smokers.  Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology. 14, 165-170. PMID: 16756420
  25. Heil, S.H., Holmes, H.W., Bickel, W.K., Higgins, S.T., Badger, G.J., Laws, H.F. & Faries, D.E.  (2002). Comparison of the subjective, physiological, and psychomotor effects of atomoxetine and methylphenidate in recreational drug users.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 67, 149-156.  
  26. Heil, S.H., Hungund, B.L., Zheng, Z.H., Jen, K.-L.C., & Subramanian, M.G.  (1999).  Ethanol and lactation: Effects on milk lipids and serum constituents.  Alcohol, 18,  43-48.
  27. Heil, S.H., Johnson, M.,W.  Higgins, S.T., & Bickel, W.K.  (2006).  Delay discounting in currently using and currently abstinent cocaine-dependent outpatients and non-drug-using matched controls.  Addictive Behaviors, 31, 1290-1294. PMID: 16236455
  28. Heil, S.H., Scott, T.L., Higgins, S.T. (2009). An overview of principles of effective treatment of substance use disorders and their potential application to pregnant cigarette smokers.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 104, S106-114. PMID: 19540679
  29. Heil, S.H., Sigmon, S.C., Jones, H.E., & Wagner, M.  (2008).  Comparison of characteristics of opioid-using pregnant women in rural and urban settings.  The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 34, 463-471. PMC2662476; PMID: 18584576
  30. Heil, S.H., Sigmon, S.C., Mongeon, J.A., & Higgins, S.T.  (2005).  Characterizing and improving HIV/AIDS knowledge in cocaine-dependent outpatients.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 13, 238-243. PMID: 16173887
  31. Heil, S.H., Tidey, J.W., Holmes, H.W., Badger, G.J., & Higgins, S.T. (2003). A contingent payment model of smoking cessation: Effects on abstinence and withdrawal.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 5, 205-213. PMID: 12745493
  32. Heil, S.H., Wong, C.J., & Higgins, S.T.  (2000).  Community reinforcement approach combined with contingent vouchers for the treatment of cocaine dependence.  The Addictions Newsletter, 7, 24-26.
  33. Heil, S.H., Yoon, J.H. & Higgins, S.T., (2008).  Pregnant and Postpartum Women.  In S.T. Higgins, K. Silverman, & S.H. Heil (Eds.), Contingency management in substance abuse treatment (pp. 182-201). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. 
  34. Higgins, S. T., Heil, S. H., & Sigmon, S. C. (2010). Voucher-based
 contingency management in the treatment of substance use disorders. In
 G. J. Madden (Ed.), APA Handbook of Behavior Analysis. Washington, DC:
 American Psychological Association.
  35. Higgins, S.T.  (1997).  The influence of alternative reinforcers on cocaine use and abuse. A brief review. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior, 57, 419-427.
  36. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H.  (2001).  Behavioral treatments.  In R. Carson-DeWitt (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior, (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1225-1227).  Farmington, MI:  Macmillan.  
  37. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H.  (2001).  Contingency management.  In R. Carson-DeWitt (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior, (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1231-1233).  Farmington, MI:  Macmillan.
  38. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H.  (2004).  Drug abuse:  behavioral treatment.  In N.B. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior: Vol. 1 (pp. 265-269).  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications, Inc.
  39. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H. (2003).  Urine the money:  Voucher-based incentive scheme for drug treatment. Druglink, 18, 11-12.  
  40. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H. (2004).  Principles of learning in the study and treatment of substance abuse.  In M. Galanter & H.D. Kleber (Eds.), Textbook of substance abuse treatment, 3rd edition, pp. 81-87.  Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
  41. Higgins, S.T. & Heil, S.H. (in press). Contingency management. In G. L. Fisher, & N. Roget (Eds.). The encyclopedia of substance abuse prevention, treatment, and recovery, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  42. Higgins, S.T. & Silverman, K. (2008).  Introduction. In S.T. Higgins, K. Silverman, & S.H. Heil (Eds.), Contingency management in substance abuse treatment (pp. 1-15). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. 
  43. Higgins, S.T. & Silverman, K., (2008). Contingency Management.  In M. Galanter and H.D. Kleber (Eds.) Textbook of  substance abuse treatment (4th ed.). (pp. 387-399). The American Psychiatric Press..
  44. Higgins, S.T. (2008). Continuing to struggle with the term "harm reduction". Commentary.  Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 83, 522–523. PMID: 18349873
  45. Higgins, S.T. (2009).  Comments on contingency management and conditional cash transfers.  Health Economics. PMCID: PMC2891912, PMID: 19670269
  46. Higgins, S.T. and Rogers, R.E. (2009).  Contingency management and community reinforcement approach. In Peter M. Miller (Ed.).  Evidence-based addiction treatment (pp. 249-267). Burlington: Academic Press, Elsevier Inc.    
  47. Higgins, S.T., & Heil, S.H.  (in press).  Contingency management.  In G.L. Fisher & N Roget (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  48. Higgins, S.T., & Heil, S.H. (2004).  Principles of learning in the study and treatment of substance abuse. In M. Galanter & H.D. Kleber (Eds.), Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 3rd edition (pp. 81-87).  Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
  49. Higgins, S.T., & Sigmon, S.C. (2000).  Implications of behavioral momentum for understanding the behavioral pharmacology of abused drugs.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23(1), 101.
  50. Higgins, S.T., Badger, G.J., & Budney, A.J.  (2000).  Initial abstinence and success in achieving longer-term cocaine abstinence.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 8, 377-386. PMID: 10975629
  51. Higgins, S.T., Bernstein, I.M. , Washio, Y., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., Skelly, J.M., Higgins, T.M., & Solomon, L.J. (in press).  Effects of smoking cessation with voucher-based contingency management on birth outcomes.  Addiction. NIHMSID # 207216
  52. Higgins, S.T., Chilcoat, H.D. (2009).  Women and smoking: An interdisciplinary examination of socioeconomic influences.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 104, S1-5. PMID: 19586726
  53. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H. & Sigmon, S.C. (in press).  Contingency management approaches in drug dependence.  In Ian Stolerman (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  54. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H. & Sigmon, S.C. (in press).  Contingency management in the treatment of substance use disorders.  In Ian Stolerman (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology.  Heidelberg, Germany:  Springer Science and Business Media.
  55. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., & Rogers, R.E.  (2008).  Contingency management.  In P. Korsmeyer & H.R. Kranzler (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior (3rd ed).  Farmington, MI: Gale Group.
  56. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., & Sigmon, S.C.  (in press). A Behavioral Approach to the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders.  In P. Sturmey (Ed.) The Handbook of Functional Analysis and Clinical Psychology.
  57. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., Mongeon, J.A., Solomon, L.J., McHale, L. & Bernstein, I.M. (2007). Biochemical verification of smoking status in pregnant and recently postpartum women.  Experimental and Clinical  Psychopharmacology, 15, 58-66. PMID: 17295585.
  58. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., Skelly, J., Solomon, L.J., & Bernstien, I.M.  (2009).  Educational disadvantage and cigarette smoking during pregnancy.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 104, Suppl 1, 100-105. PMC2763386, PMID: 19442460
  59. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Dantona, R., Donham, R., Matthews, M., & Badger, G.J. (2007). Effects of varying the monetary value of voucher-based incentives on abstinence achieved during and following treatment among cocaine-dependent outpatients. Addiction, 102, 271-281.  PMID:  17222282.
  60. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Dumeer, A.M., Thomas, C.S., Solomon, L.J., & Bernstein, I.M.  (2006).  Smoking status in the initial weeks of quitting as a predictor of smoking-cessation outcomes in pregnant women.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 85, 138-141.  PMID: 16720082
  61. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Plebani Lussier, J., Badger, G.J.  (2004).  Clinical implications of reinforcement as a determinant of substance use disorders.  Annual Review of Psychology, 55,  431-461.  PMID: 14744222
  62. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Rogers, R.E. (in press). Treatment and Behavioral approaches to Contingency Management.  In P. Korsmeyer & H. R. Kranzler (Eds.) Encyclopedia of drugs, alcohol and addictive behaviors (3rd ed.).
  63. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Rogers, R.E., & Chivers, L. (2007).  Cocaine.  In S.T. Higgins, K. Silverman & S.H. Heil (Eds.) Contingency Management in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders:  A Science-Based Treatment Innovation (pp.19-41).  New York, NY:  Guilford Press.  
  64. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Rogers, R.E., & Chivers, L. (2008).  Cocaine.  In S.T. Higgins, K. Silverman, & S.H. Heil (Eds.), Contingency management in substance abuse treatment (pp. 19-410. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. 
  65. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Sigmon, S.C. (2007). A Behavioral approach to the treatment of substance use disorders.  In P. Sturmey (Ed.), The handbook of functional analysis and clinical psychology:  Practical resources for the mental health practitioner (pp. 261–282). Netherlands: Elsevier Press. 
  66. Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Solomon, Bernstein, I.M., L.J., Lussier, J.P., Abel, R.L., Lynch, M.E. & Badger, G.J. (2004).  A pilot study on voucher-based incentives to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy and postpartum. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 6, 1015-1020. PMID: 15801574
  67. Higgins, S.T., Roll, J.M., & Bickel, W.K.  (1996).  Alcohol pretreatment increases preference for cocaine over monetary reinforcement.  Psychopharmacology, 123, 1-8.
  68. Higgins, S.T., Sigmon, S.C. & Heil, S.H. (in press). Contingency management in the treatment of substance use disorders: Trends in the literature.  In P. Ruiz & E. Strain, (Eds.), Lowinson & Ruiz’s Substance Abuse:  A comprehensive textbook, (5th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  69. Higgins, S.T., Sigmon, S.C., & Heil, S.H.  (in press).  Drug Abuse and Dependence.  In D.H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders, 4th ed.  New York:  Guilford Publications, Inc.
  70. Higgins, S.T., Sigmon, S.C., Heil, S.H. (2008). Drug abuse and dependence.  In D.H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical handbook of psychological disorders (4th ed.). (pp. 547-577). New York: Guilford Publications, Inc. 
  71. Higgins, S.T., Sigmon, S.C., Wong, C.J., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., & Donham, B.D.  (2003).  Community reinforcement therapy for cocaine-dependent outpatients.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 1043-1052.  PMID: 14557150
  72. Higgins, S.T., Silverman, K. & Heil, S.H.  (2003).  Behavioral interventions for problem drinking: Community reinforcement and contingency management.  In B. Johnson, P. Ruiz and M.J. Galanter (Eds.), Alcoholism:  A Practical Handbook (pp. 111-118).  Baltimore:  Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.    
  73. Higgins, S.T., Tidey, J.W. & Rogers, R.E. (in press).  Contingency management and community reinforcement approach.  In R.K. Ries, D.A. Fiellin, S.C. Miller, & R. Saitz (Eds.), ASAM principles of addiction medicine (4th ed.) Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.    
  74. Higgins, S.T., Wong, C.J., Badger, G.J., Ogden, D.E., & Dantona, R.L.  (2000).  Contingent reinforcement increases cocaine abstinence during outpatient treatment and one year of follow-up.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 64-72.
  75. Higgins, T.M., Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., Skelly, J.M., Bernstein, I.M., Solomon, L.J., Washio, Y. & Preston, A.M. (2010). Effects of cigarette smoking cessation on breastfeeding duration. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 12, 483-488. PMID: 20339141 
  76. Hughes J.R., Cohen, B., Callas, P.W., (2009) Treatment seeking for smoking cessation among young adults.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 37:211-213.  PMC2749978; PMID: 19195814
  77. Hughes J.R., Marcy T.W., Naud S., (2009) Interest in treatments to stop smoking. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 36:18-24.  PMC2635950; PMID: 18550319
  78. Hughes J.R., Stead L.F., Lancaster T., (2009) Antidepressants for smoking cessation.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (  
  79. Hughes J.R., Weiss R.D., (2009) Are differences in the guidelines for the treatment of nicotine dependence and non-nicotine dependence justified?  Addiction.  104: 1951-1957. PMID: 19426290
  80. Hughes, J.R.  (2006). Clinical significance of tobacco withdrawal.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 8, 153-156. PMID: 16766409
  81. Hughes, J.R.  (2006). Should criteria for drug dependence vary across drugs? Addiction, 101; (Supp 1): 134-141.
  82. Hughes, J.R.  (2007). Effects of abstinence from tobacco: Etiology, animal models, epidemiology and clinical significance: A qualitative review.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 9, 329-339. PMID: 17365765
  83. Hughes, J.R.  (2007). Measurements of the effects of abstinence from tobacco. A qualitative review.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21,127-137.
  84. Hughes, J.R. & Carpenter M.J.  (2006). Does smoking reduction increase future cessation and decrease disease risk? A qualitative review.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 8, 739-749. PMID: 17132521
  85. Hughes, J.R. & Carpenter, M.J. (2005). The feasibility of smoking reduction: An update. Addiction, 100, 1074-1089.  PMCID: PMC1419056; PMID: 16042638
  86. Hughes, J.R. & Kalman D.  (2006). Do smokers with current or past alcohol problems have more difficulty quitting? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 82, 92-102.
  87. Hughes, J.R. (2007).  Effects of abstinence from tobacco: Valid symptoms and time course: A qualitative review.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 9, 315-327. PMID: 17365764
  88. Hughes, J.R. (2007).  Tobacco control findings vs. scientific evidence.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32:449.
  89. Hughes, J.R. (2007). Defining dependence: Describing symptom clusters vs. central constructs. Addiction. 102, 1531-1532.
  90. Hughes, J.R. (2007). Depression during tobacco abstinence.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 9, 443-446. PMID: 17454698
  91. Hughes, J.R. (2007). Smokers who choose to quit gradually vs. abruptly. Addiction, 102, 1126-1127.
  92. Hughes, J.R. (In Press). An algorithm for choosing among smoking cessation treatments: An evidence based review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.
  93. Hughes, J.R., (2009) Ethical concerns about non-active conditions in smoking cessation trials and methods to decrease such concerns.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence 100:187-193.  PMC2656110; PMID: 19058924
  94. Hughes, J.R., (2009) How confident should we be that smoking cessation treatments work? Addiction. 104: 1637-1640.  PMID: 19681807
  95. Hughes, J.R., (2009) Mental disorders and smoking: Correlation is not causation.  Tobacco Control
  96. Hughes, J.R., (2009) Smokers’ beliefs about the inability to stop smoking Addictive Behaviors. 2009, 34, 1005-1009   PMC2741633; PMID: 19635648
  97. Hughes, J.R., (2010) Craving among long-abstinent smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 12, 459-462.  PMID: 20164170
  98. Hughes, J.R., (2010) Data to assess the generalizability of samples from studies of adult smokers.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 12, 73-76. PMID: 19955340
  99. Hughes, J.R., Adams, E.H., Franzon, M.A., Mcguire, M.K. & Guary, J. (2005). A prospective study of off-label use of, abuse of and dependence on nicotine inhaler. Tobacco Control, 14, 49-54. PMCID: PMC1747971;  PMID: 15735300
  100. Hughes, J.R., Callas, P.W. & Peters, E.N. (2007) Interest in gradual cessation.  Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 9(6):671-5. PMID: 17558824
  101. Hughes, J.R., Carpenter, M., & Naud, S. (2010) Do point prevalence and prolonged abstinence measures produce similar results in smoking cessation studies? A systematic review. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 12(7):756-62. PMCID: PMC2893294  PMID: 20504946
  102. Hughes, J.R., Keely, J.P., Fagerstrom, K-O. & Callas, P.W. (2005). Intentions to quit smoking change over short periods of time. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 653-662. PMID: 15833571
  103. Hughes, J.R., Solomon LJ, Livingston AE, Callas PW, Peters EN.  (2010) A randomized, controlled trial of NRT-aided gradual vs abrupt cessation in smokers actively trying to quit.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  PMID: 20537810
  104. Hughes, J.R., Stead, L. & Lancaster, T. (2005). Nortryptiline for smoking cessation. A review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 7, 491-499. PMID: 16085520
  105. Hughes, J.R., Suiter C, Marcy T.  (2010) Use and outcomes of a state-funded in-person counseling program.  Tobacco Control PMID: 20501501
  106. Hyland, A., Levy, D., Rezaishiraz, H., Hughes, J.R., Bauer, J.E., Giovino, G.A. & Cummings, K.M. (2005).  Reduction in amount smoked predicts future cessation. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 221-225. PMID: 16011395
  107. Jones, H.E., Heil, S.H., O’Grady, K.E., Martin, P.R., Kaltenbach, K., Coyle, M.G., Stine, S.M., Selby, P., Arria, A.M., & Fischer, G.  (2009).  Smoking in pregnant patients screened for an opioid agonist medication study compared to related pregnant and non-pregnant patient samples.  The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 35, 375-380. PMID: 20180667
  108. Jones, H.E., Martin, P.R., Heil, S.H., Stine, S.M., Kaltenbach, K., Selby, P., Coyle, M.G., O'Grady, K.E., Arria, A.M., & Fischer, G.  (2008).  Treatment of opioid dependent pregnant women: Clinical and research issues.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 35, 245-259. PMID: 18248941
  109. Katz, J.K. & Higgins, S.T. (2004). What is represented by vertical shifts in self-administration dose-response curves? Psychopharmacology, 171, 360-361.
  110. Linares Scott, T.L., Heil, S.H., Higgins, S.T., Solomon, L.J.,  & Bernstein, I.M.  (2009).  Depressive symptoms predict smoking status among pregnant women. Addictive Behaviors. 34, 705-708. PMC2708672; PMID: 19411145
  111. Lindson, N., Aveyard, P., Hughes, J.R., (2010) Reduction versus abrupt cessation in smokers who want to quit.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 3.  PMID: 20238361 
  112. Lussier, J.P., Heil, S.H, Mongeon, J.A., Badger, G.J. & Higgins, S.T. (2006). A meta-analysis of voucher-based reinforcement therapy for substance use disorders. Addiction, 101, 192-203. PMID: 16445548
  113. Lussier, J.P., Higgins, S.T., & Badger, G.J. (2005).  Influence of the duration of abstinence on the relative reinforcing effects of cigarette smoking.  Psychopharmacology, 181, 486-495. PMID: 16034556
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  127. Sigmon, S.C., Dunn, K., & Higgins, S.T. (2007). Brief history of the contingency management working group at the annual meeting of The College on Problems of Drug Dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 89, 314-316.
  128. Sigmon, S.C., Dunn, K.E., Thomas, C.S., Heil, S.H., & Higgins, S.T. (2009). Brief buprenorphine detoxification for the treatment of prescription opioid dependence: A pilot study. Addictive Behaviors, 34, 304-311.  PMC2643343; PMID: 19081679
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  139. Subramanian, M.G., Heil, S.H., Kruger, M.L., Collins, K.L., Buck, P.O., Zawacki, T., Abbey, A.D., Sokol, R.J., & Diamond, M.P.  (2002).  A three-stage alcohol clamp procedure in human subjects.  Alcoholism:  Clinical and Experimental Research, 26, 1479-1483. PMID: 12394280 
  140. Tidey, J.W., O Neill, S. C., and Higgins, S. T. (2002) Contingent monetary reinforcement of smoking reductions, with and without transdermal nicotine, in outpatients with schizophrenics. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 10, 241-247.
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  146. Vandrey, R.G., Budney, A.J., Moore, B.A. & Hughes, J.R. (2005). A cross-study comparison of cannabis and tobacco withdrawal.  American Journal on Addictions, 14, 54-63. PMID: 15804877
  147. Washio, Y., Higgins, S.T., Heil, S.H., Badger, G.J., Skelly, J., Bernstein, I.M., Solomon, L.J., Lynch, M.E., & Hanson, J.D.  (in press).  Examining maternal weight gain during contingency-management treatment for smoking cessation among pregnant women.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
  148. Wong, C.J., Anthony, S., Sigmon, S.C., Mongeon, J.A., Badger, G.J., & Higgins, S.T. (2004).  Examining interrelationships between abstinence and coping self-efficacy in cocaine-dependent outpatients. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 12, 190-199. PMID: 15301636
  149. Yoon, J.H., Higgins, S.T., Bradstreet, M.P., Badger, G.J., & Thomas, C.S. (2009) Changes in the relative reinforcing effects of cigarette smoking as a function of initial abstinence. Psychopharmacology, 205, 305-318. PMID: 19390842
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