PLANT BIOLOGY 209 BIBLIOGRAPHY for 2010
  (italic, discussed in lecture, italic and bold, assigned reading)
BOOKS

Bower, F.O. 1923-1928. The Ferns. The Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.
Christ, H. 1910.  Die Geographie der Farne. Jena, Germany, Gustav Fischer.
Copeland, E.B. 1947. Genera Filicum. Chronica Botanica Co., Waltham, MA.
Dyer, A.F. (ed.) 1979. The Experimental Biology of Ferns. Academic-Press, London.
Dyer, A.F.  &  C.N. Page (eds.) 1985. Biology of Pteridophytes. Royal Society of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.
Hofmeister, W. 1862. The Higher Cryptogamia. Ray Society, London.'
Jermy, A.C., J.A. Crabbe, & B.A. Thomas. (eds.) 1973. The Phylogeny and Classification of the Ferns. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 67 Supplement No. 1.
Knobloch, I.W. 1976. Pteridophyte Hybrids. Publ. Mus. Mich. State Univ., Biol. Ser. 5: 273-352.
Love, A., D. Love,  R.E.G. Pichi-Sermolli. 1977. Cytotaxonomical Atlas of the Pteridophyta. J. Cramer, Vadoz, Germany.
Manton, I. 1950. Problems of Cytology and Evolution in the Pteridophyta.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.
Mickel, J.T. 1979. How to Know the Ferns & Fern Allies. Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa.
Moran, Robbin. 2004. A Natural History of Ferns.  Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Ranker, T.A. and C.H. Haufler. 2008. Biology and Evolution of Ferns and Lycophytes. Cambridge University Press.
Smith, J. 1875. Historia Filicum. MacMillan  Co., London.
Sporne, K.R. 1975. The Morphology of Pteridophytes. Hutchinson & Co., London.
Takhtajan, A. 1986. Floristic Regions of the World. Berkeley, California, USA.  University of California Press.
Tryon, A.F. 1991. Spores of the Pteridophyta. New York, USA.  Springer-Verlag.
Tryon, A.F. and R. C. Moran. 1997. The Ferns and Allied Plants of New England.  Center for Biological Conservation, Massachusetts Audubon Society, Lincoln, Mass. USA.  
Tryon, R.M. & A.F. Tryon. 1982. Ferns and Allied Plants (with Special Reference to Tropical America). Springer-Verlag, NY.
Verdoorn, F. (ed.) 1938. Manual of Pteridology. M. Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands.
 
PERIODICAL LITERATURE
 
Barker, M.S., S.W. Shaw, and R.J. Hickey. 2005.  Lepidopteran soral crypsis on Caribbean ferns.  Biotropica 37:314-316.  
Barker M. S. and P. G. Wolf. 2010.  Unfurling Fern Biology in the Genomics Age
. BioScience 60: 177–185.
Barrington, D.S.  1986.  The morphology and cytology of
Polystichum Xpotteri hybr. nov. Rhodora 88:297-313.
Barrington, D.S. 1990.  Hybridization and allopolyploidy in Central American Polystichum: cytological and isozyme documentation.  Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 297-305.
Barrington, D.S. 1992. Climate and the disjunct distribution of Polystichum alfarii (Christ) Barr. in Mesoamerica.  Rhodora 94:327-339.
Barrington, D.S. 1993.  Ecological and historical factors in fern biogeography.  J. Biogeography 20:275-280.
Bouharmont, J.  1972.  Meiosis and fertility in apogamously produced produced diploid plants of Asplenium trichomanes.  in Darlington, C. D. & K. R. Lewis eds. Chromosomes Today  vol. 3, pp 253-258.
Butters, F. K. & R. M. Tryon Jr. 1948. A fertile mutant of a Woodsia hybrid. Am. J. Bot. 35: 132.
Chapman,  R. H., E. J. Klekowski Jr., & R. K. Selander. 1979. Homoeologous heterozygosity and recombination in the fern Pteridium aquilinum. Science 204: 1207-1209.
Conant, D.S. l978. A radioisotope technique to measure spore dispersal of the tree fern Cyathea arborea Sm. Pollen & Spores 20: 583-593.
Conant, D.S. 1990. Observations on the reproductive biology of Alsophila species and hybrids.  Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77:290-296.
Conant, D.S. and D.B. Stein. 2001.  Phylogenetic and geographic relationships of the tree ferns (Cyatheaceae) on Mount Kinabalu.  Sabah Parks Nature Journal 4:25-43.
Conant, D. S. & G. Cooper-Driver. 1980. Autogamous alIohomoploidy in Alsophila & Nephelea (Cyatheaceae): A new hypothesis for speciation in homoploid homosporous ferns. Am. J. Bot. 67: 1269-1288.
Cousens, M.I. & H.T. Horner. 1970. Gametophyte ontogeny and sex expression in Dryopteris ludoviciana. Am. Fern J. 60: 13-27.
Crist, K. C.  and D. R. Farrar.  1983.   Genetic load and long-distance dispersal in Asplenium platyneuron.  Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 1809-1814.
Dassler, Cynthia L.and Donald R. Farrar, 2001, Significance of Gametophyte Form in Long-Distance Colonization by Tropical, Epiphytic Ferns, Brittonia 53, No. 2 (Papers from the Pteridophyte Biogeography Symposium,International Botanical Congress): 352-369.

DeMaggio, A.E. 1971. Ferns as a model system for studying polyploidy and gene dosage effects.   BioScience. 21: 313-316.

Döpp, W. 1950.  Eine die antheridienbildung bei farnen fördernde substanz in den prothallien von Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuh. Ber. Dtch. Got. Ges. 63:139-147.
Driscoll, H. E. and D.S. Barrington.  2007. Origin of Hawaiian Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae)in the context of a world phylogeny.   American Journal of Botany 94: 1413–1424.
Driscoll, H. E., D. S. Barrington, & A. V. Gilman.  2003.  A reexamination of the apogamous tetraploid Phegopteris (Thelypteridaceae)from Northeastern North America.  Rhodora 105: 309-321.
Farlow,  W.G. 1874.   An asexual growth from the prothallus of Pteris cretica.  Journal of Microscopical Science 14: 267-272, pl. 10,11.
Farrar, D. 1967. Gametophytes of four tropical fern genera reproducing independently of their sporophytes in the southern Appalachians. Science 155: 1266-1267.
Farrar, D. R. 1990.  Species and evolution in asexually reproducing independent fern gametophytes.  Syst. Bot.  15: 98-111.
Gastony, G. J. 1986.  Electrophoretic evidence for the origin of fern species by unreduced spores.  Amer. J. Bot. 73: 1563-1569.
Gastony, G. J. 1988.  The Pellaea glabella complex: evidence for the derivations of the agamosporous taxa and a revised taxonomy.   American Fern J. 78: 44-67.
Gastony, G.J. and M.C. Ungerer. 1997. Molecular systematics and a revised taxonomy of the onocleoid ferns (Dryopteridaceae: Onocleeae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 840–849.

Gay. H.  1993. Animal-fed plants:  An investigation into the uptake of ant-derived nutrients by the far-eastern epiphytic fern Lecanopteris Reinw. (Polypodiaceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 50: 221-233.

Geiger, J.M.O. and T.A. Ranker. 2005 Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography of Hawaiian Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 34(2):392-407.
Gliessman, S.R. & C. Muller. 1978. The allelopathic mechanisms of dominance in bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) in southern California. J. Chem. Ecol. 4: 337-362.
Gomez P., L.D. 1974. Biology of the potato fern Solanopteris brunei. Brenesia 4: 37-61.
Gruber, T. M. 1981.  The branching pattern of Hypolepis repens.  Amer. Fern J. 71: 41-47.
Grusz, A., M.D. Windham, and K.M. Pryer. 2009. Deciphering the origins of apomictic polyploids in the Cheilanthes yavapensis complex (Pteridaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1636–1645.
Hasebe, M., P.G. Wolf, K.M. Pryer, K. Ueda, M. Ito, R. Sano, G.J. Gastony, J. Yokoyama, J.R. Manhart, N. Murakami, E.H. Crane, C.H. Haufler, and W.D. Hauk. 1995. Fern phylogeny based on rbcL nucleotide sequences. Amer. Fern J. 85: 134–181.
Haufler, C. H. 1985. Enzyme variability and modes of evolution in Bommeria(Pteridaceae).  Systematic Botany 10: 92-104.
Haufler, C. H.  1987.  Electrophoresis is modifying our concepts of evolution in homosporous pteridophytes.  Amer. J. Bot. 74: 953-966.
Haufler, C. H.  2002.  Homospory 2001:  An odyssey of progress in pteridophyte genetics and evolutionary biology.  Bioscience 52: 1081-1093.Haufler, C. H. and G.J. Gastony. 1978.  Antheridiogen and the breeding system in the fern genus Bommeria.  Canadian Journal of Botany 56: 1594-1601.
Haufler, C. H., E. A. Hooper, and J. P. Therrien.  2000.  Modes and mechanisms of speciation in pteridophytes:  implications of contrasting patterns in ferns representing temperate and tropical habitats.  Plant
    Species Biology 15: 223-236.

Haufler, C.H. D.E. Soltis and P.S. Soltis. 1995.  Phylogeny of the Polypodium vulgare complex: insights from chloroplast DNA restriction site data.  Systematic Botany 20: 110-119.
Haufler, C. H. and C. B. Welling.  1994.  Antheridiogen, dark spore germination, and outcrossing mechanisms in Bommeria (Adiantaceae).  Amer. J. Bot. 81: 616-621.
Hickok, L.G. 1979.  A cytological study of intraspecific variation in Ceratopteris.  Canadian Journal of Botany 16: 1694-1700.
Hickok, L.G. and E.J. Klekowski.  1974. Inchoate speciation in Ceratopteris: an analysis of the synthesized hybrid C. richardii  X C. pteridoides. Evolution 28: 439-446.
Hooper, E.A. and C.H.  Haufler, C.H. 1997.  Genetic diversity and breeding system in a group of neotropical epiphytic ferns (Pleopeltis; Polypodiaceae).   American Journal of Botany. 84: 1664-1674..
Howard, B. A. 1993.  Evolutionary relationships of cytotypes in the fern Asplenium trichomanes in eastern North America.  Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Vermont.
Janzen, D.G. 1974. Epiphytic myrmecophytes in Sarawak: mutualism through the feeding by ants. Biotropica 6:237-259.
Kelloff, C.L., J. Skog, L. Adamkewicz, and C.R. Werth.  2002.  Differentiation of eastern North American Athyrium filix-femina taxa: evidence from allozyme and spores.  American Fern Journal 92:
185-213.
Klekowski,  E. J. Jr. 1973.  Sexual and subsexual systems in homosporous pteridophytes: a new hypothesis.  American Journal of Botany 60: 535-544.
Klekowski,  E. J. Jr. 1973. Genetic load in Osmunda regalis populations. Amer. J. Bot. 60: 146-154. -
Klekowski,  E. J. Jr. 1976. Mutational load in a fern population growing in a polluted environment. Am. J. Bot. 63: 1024-1030.
Klekowski, E. J.Jr. & H. G. Baker. 1966. Evolutionary significance of polyploidy in the Pteridophyta. Science 153: 305-307.
Kreier, H.-P., M. Rex K. Weising, M. Kessler, A. R. Smith, and H. Schneider. 2008.  Inferring the diversification of the epiphytic fern genus Serpocaulon (Polypodiaceae) in South America using
 chloroplast sequences and amplified fragment length polymorphisms. Plant Syst. Evol. (274:1–16.
Lawton, J.H. 1976. The structure of the arthropod community on bracken. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 73: 187-216.
Lloyd, R.M. 1974. Mating systems and genetic load in pioneer and non-pioneer Hawaiian Pteridophyta. Bot. J. Linn. Soc, 69: 23-35.
Masuyama, S. and Y. Watano.  1990.  Trends for inbreeding in polyploid pteridophytes. Plant Species Biology 5: 13-17.Morzenti , V. M. 1962.  A first report of pseudomeiotic sporogenesis, a type of
reproduction by which  “sterile” ferns produce gametophytes.  Amer. Fern J. 52: 69-78.
Paris, C.A. 1991. Adiantum viridimontanum, a new species of maidenhair fern in eastern North America. Rhodora 93:105-122.
Paris, C.A., F.S. Wagner, and W.H. Wagner, Jr. 1989. Cryptic species, species delimitation, and taxonomic practice in the homosporous ferns. Amer. Fern J. 79:46-54.
Paris, C.A., and M.D. Windham. 1988. A biosystematic investigation of the Adiantum pedatum complex in eastern North America. Syst. Bot. 13:240-255.
Parks, J. C. & C. R. Werth.  1993.   A study of spatial features of clones in a population of bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum (Dennstaediaceae).  Amer. J. Bot. 80: 537-544.
Peck, J.H., C.J. Peck, and D.R. Farrar.  1990.  Influences of life history attributes on formation of local and distant fern populations.  American Fern Journal 80: 126-142.
Pryer, K.M. 1999. Phylogeny of Marsileaceous ferns and relationships of the fossil Hydropteris pinnata reconsidered.  International Journal of Plant Sciences 160: 931-954.
Pryer, K.M., H. Schneider, A.R. Smith, R. Cranfill, P.G. Wolf, J.S. Hunt, and S.D. Sipes. 2001. Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants. Nature
409:618-622.
Pryer, K.M., E. Schuettpelz, P.G. Wolf, H. Schneider, A.R. Smith, and R. Cranfill.  2004.   Phylogeny and evolution of the ferns (monilophytes) with a focus on early leptosporangiate divergences. 
American Journal of Botany 91: 1582-1598.  
Pryer, K.M., A.R. Smith, and J.E. Skog. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of extant ferns based on evidence from morphology and rbcL sequences. American Fern Journal 85: 205-282.
Pryor, K. V.,  J. E. Young, F. J. Rumsey, K. J. Edwards, M. W. Bruford and  H. J. Rogers. (2001) Diversity, genetic structure and evidence of outcrossing in British populations of the rock fern Adiantum
capillus-veneris using microsatellites. Molecular Ecology 10:8, 1881-1894.
Ranker, T. A., J. M. O. Geiger, S. C. Kennedy, A. R. Smith, C. H. Haufler, and B. S. Parris. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of the endemic Hawaiian genus Adenophorus
(Grammitidaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26: 337-347.
Ranker, T. A., C. H. Haufler, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 1989. Genetic evidence for allopolyploidy in the neotropical fern Hemionitis pinnatifida (Adiantaceae) and the reconstruction of an ancestral
genome. Systematic Botany 14: 439—447.
Rasbach, H., T. Reichstein, and J.J. Schneller.  1991.  Hybrids and polyploidy in the genus Athyrium (Pteridophyta) in Europe. 2. Origin and description of two triploid hybrids and synthesis of
allotetraploids.  Botanica Helvetica 101/2:209-225.
Raynor, G.S., E.C. Ogden, and J.V. Hayes.  1976.  Dispersion of fern spores into and within a forest.  Rhodora 78: 473-487.
Rubin, G. & D.J. Paolillo Jr. 1983. Sexual development of Onoclea sensibilis on agar and soil media without the addition of antheridiogen. Amer. J. Bot. 70: 811-815.
Sánchez-Baracaldo, P. 2004.  Phylogenetics and biogeography of the neotropical fern genera Jamesonia and Eriosorus (Pteridaceae).  Amer. J. Bot. 91: 274-284.
Scheuttpelz, E. and K.M. Pryer.  2007.  Fern phylogeny inferred from 400 leptosporangiate species and three plastid genes.  Taxon 56: 1037-11500.  
Schneider, H., T. A. Ranker, S. J. Russell, R. Cranfill, J. M. O. Geiger, R. Aguraiuja, K. R. Wood, M. Grundmann, K. Kloberdanz, J, C. Vogel. 2005. Origin of the endemic fern genus Diellia coincides
with the renewal of Hawaiian terrestrial life in the Miocene. Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 272: 455 – 460.
Schneider, H., E. Schuettpelz, K.M. Pryer, R. Cranfill, S. Magallón, R. Lupia. 2004. Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature 428: 553-557.
Schneller,  J.J. 1983. Haploid sporophytes in Athyrium filix femina and evidence for somatic diploidization in one of them. Bot. Helv. 93: 85-90.
Schneller, J.J. & H. Rasbach. 1984. Hybrids and polyploidy in the genus Athyrium (Pteridophyta) in Europe. Bot. Helv. 94: 81-99.
Schneller, J., R. Holderegger, F. Gugerli et al. 1998. Patterns of genetic variation detected by RAPDs suggest a single origin with subsequent mutations and long-distance dispersal in the apomictic fern
Dryopteris remota (Dryopteridaceae).   American Journal of Botany  85: 1038-1042.
Slosson, M. 1902.  The origin of Asplenium ebenoides.  Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29:487-495.
Smith, A.R. 1972.  Comparison of fern and flowering plant distributions with some evolutionary interpretations of ferns.  Biotropica 4: 4-9.
Smith, A. R., K. M. Pryer, E. Schuettpelz, P. Korall, H. Schneider & P. G. Wolf. 2006. A classification for extant ferns. Taxon 55: 705–731.
Soltis, P.S. and D. E. Soltis.  1987.  Population structure and estimates of gene flow in the homosporous fern Polystichum munitum. Evolution 41: 620-629.
Soltis, P. S., D. E. Soltis, & K. E. Holsinger.  1988.  Estimates of intragametophytic selfing and interpopulational gene flow in homosporous ferns.  Amer. J. Bot. 75: 1765-1770.
Trewick, S. A., M. Morgan-Richards, S . J . Russell, S . Henderson, F . J . Rumsey, I. Pintér, J . A . Barrett, M. Gibby and J. C. Vogel.  2002. Polyploidy, phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia of the
rockfern Asplenium ceterach : evidence from chloroplast DNA. Molecular Ecology 11: 2003–2012
Tryon, A.F. 1966. Origin of the fern flora of Tristan da Cunha. Brit. Fern Gazette 9: 269-276.
Tryon, A. F. 1968. Comparisons of sexual and apogamous races in the fern genus Pellaea. Rhodora 70: 1-24.
Tryon, A. F. & D. M. Britton. 1958. Cytotaxonomic studies on the fern genus Pellaea. Evolution 12: 137-145.
Tryon, R.M. Jr. 1970. Development and evolution of fern floras on oceanic islands. Biotropica 2: 76-84.
Tryon, R.M. 1971.  The process of evolutionary migration in species of Selaginella. Brittonia 23: 89-100.
Tryon, R.M. Jr. 1972. Endemic areas and geographic speciation in tropical American ferns. Biotropica 4: 121-131.
Tryon, R.M. Jr. 1972.  The American tree ferns allied to Sphaeropteris horrida. Rhodora 73:1-19.
Tryon, R.M. Jr. & G. Vitali. 1977. Evidence of antheridiogen production and its mediation of a mating system in natural populations of fern gametophytes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 74: 243-249.
Vogel, J.C., F.J. Rumsey, J.J. Schneller, J.A. Barrett,M. Gibby. 1999.  Where are the glacial refugia in Europe? Evidence from pteridophytes.  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society  66:  23-37.
Vogel, J.C.; Rumsey, F.J.; Russell, S.J., Cymon J. Cox, Jacqueline S. Holmes, Walter Bujnoch, Christoph Stark, John A. Barrett & Mary Gibby. 1999. Genetic structure, reproductive biology and
ecology of isolated populations of Asplenium csikii (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta).  Heredity 83: 604-612.
Wagner W. H. Jr. 1954. Reticulate evolution in the Appalachian aspleniums. Evolution 8: 103-118.
Wagner W. H. Jr. 1962. Irregular morphological development in hybrid ferns.  Phytomorphology 12:87-100.
Wagner,  W. H. Jr. , D. R. Farrar, & K. L. Chen.  1965.  A new sexual form of Pellaea glabella var.  glabella from Missouri.  Amer. Fern J. 55: 171-178.
Wagner, W. H. Jr. & F. S. Wagner.  1978.  The singular origin of a Central American fern, Pleuroderris michleriana.  Biotropica 10: 254-264.
Wagner, W. H. Jr., F. S. Wagner, A. A. Reznicek, & C. R. Werth.  1992.  XDryostichum singulare (Dryopteridaceae), a new fern nothogenus from Ontario.  Canad. J. Bot. 70: 245-253.
Walker, T.G. 1958. Hybridization in some species of Pteris L. Evolution 12: 82-92.
Werth, C. R., S. I. Guttman, & W. Hardy Eshbaugh.  1985a. Electrophoretic evidence of reticulate evolution in the Appalachian Asplenium complex. Syst. Bot. 10: 184-192.
Werth, C. R., S. I. Guttman, & W. Hardy Eshbaugh.  1985b. Recurring origins of allopolyploid species in Asplenium.  Science 228: 731-733.
Wolf, P.G. 1996. Pteridophyte phylogenies based on analyses of DNA sequences: A multiple gene approach.  In Pteridology in Perspective. 1996. J.M. Camus, M. Gibby and R.J. Johns (eds). pp.
203-215. Royal Botanical Gardens,
Wolf,  P. G., C. H. Haufler, and E. Sheffield.  1987. Electrophoretic evidence for genetic diploidy in the bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum). Science 236: 947-949.
Yankel, Christine.  2004. Patterns of clonal reproduction and genetic diversity in Cystopteris bulbifera.  Unpublished M.S. Thesis.   University of Vermont.
Yatabe, Yoko, W. Shinohara,  S.  Matsumoto, and N. Murakami. 2009.  Patterns of hybrid formation among cryptic species of bird-nest fern, Asplenium nidus complex (Aspleniaceae), in West
Malesia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 160, 42–63.