During my counseling career I have worked as a professional school counselor among the Tikiamu people of Northern Alaska and as a clinical mental health counselor in a community mental health clinic in upstate New York. My teaching and scholarship draw from those experiences and aim to raise the critical consciousness of counselors to disturb and interrupt the various forms of systemic oppression that drive so many students and clients into our doors. My research agenda has included surfacing racist and heterosexist implicit bias, measuring critical consciousness, and examining the heteronormative "blindfold" of beneficent counselors. Of late I have been evaluating the implementation of restorative practices in schools, and engaging in youth participatory action research.
Areas of ExpertiseClinical Supervision; Diversity, Access, and Equity; Human Development and Identity; Mental Health; Multiculturalism; Race and Racism; Research Methods; School Counseling; Social Justice
- Smith, L.C., Garnette, B. R., Herbert, A., Grudev, N., Vogel, J., Keefner, W., Barnett, A., & Baker, T. (2018). The hand of professional school counseling meets the glove of restorative practices: A call to the profession. Professional School Counseling (21) 1, 1-10.
- Shin, R. Q., Smith, L. C., Lu, Y., Welch, J.C., Sharma, R., Verney, C. N., & Yee, S. (in press). The development and validation of the contemporary critical consciousness measure II. The Journal of Counseling Psychology
- Smith, L. C. & Shin, R. Q. (2017) Urban Families. In J. Carlson & S. Dermer (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Marriage, Family and Couples Counseling (pp. 1747-1752). New York: Sage. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483369532.n524
- Smith, L. C. (2017) Male privilege. In K. Nadal (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender (pp. 1096-1097). New York: Sage. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483384269.n
- Smith, L. C. (2017) Heterosexual privilege. In K. Nadal (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender (pp. 861-862). New York: Sage. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483384269.n
- Shin, R. Q. & Smith, L. C. (2017). Heterosexual Male Identity Development. In K. Nadal (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender (pp. 853-855). New York: Sage. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483384269.n
- Smith, L. C. (2017). Critical Consciousness and School Based Family Counseling: “Seeing” the Pathogen in Order to Dismantle the Pump of Oppression. International Journal for School-Based Family Counseling, 8. Retrieved from http://www.instituteschoolbasedfamilycounseling.com/docs/IJSBFC%20-%20critical%20consciousness%20-%20final_LS.pdf
- Smith, L. C., & Okech, J. E. A. (2016). Ethical issues raised by CACREP accreditation of programs within institutions that disaffirm or disallow diverse sexual orientations. Journal of Counseling and Development, 94, 252-264. doi: 10.1002/jcad.12082 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C., & Okech, J. E. A. (2016). Negotiating CACREP accreditation practices, religious, and sexual orientation diversity: A rejoinder to Sells and Hagedorn. Journal of Counseling and Development, 94, 280-284. doi: 10.1002/jcad.12084
- Shin, R. Q., Ezeofor, I., Smith, L. C., Welch, J. & Goodrich, K. M. (2016). The development and validation of the critical consciousness scale. The Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63, 210-223. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cou0000137
- Shin, R. Q., Smith, L.C., Welch, J., Ezeofor, I. (2016). Is “Allison” more likely than “Lakisha” to get a call back from counseling professionals: A racism audit study. The Counseling Psychologist (44)8, 1187-1211. doi:10.1177/0011000016668814 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C., & Shin, R. Q. (2015). Negotiating the intersection of racial oppression and heteronormativity. The Journal of Homosexuality, 62, 1459-1484. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2015.1073029 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C. (2015). Interpersonal process recall for group supervision of groups. In M. Luke & K. Goodrich (Eds.), Group Work Experts Share Their Favorite Activities for Supervision, Vol II (pp. 10-16). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
- Smith, L. C., Shin, R. Q., Welch, J., & Ezeofor, I. (2015). Critically conscious group supervision of groups. In M. Luke & K. Goodrich (Eds.), Group Work Experts Share Their Favorite Activities for Supervision, Vol I (pp. 157-164). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
- Smith, L. C. (2015). Alterity models in counseling: When we talk about diversity, what are we actually talking about? The International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling. DOI 10.1007/s10447-015-9241-8 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C. (2014) Queering Multicultural Competence in Counseling. In R. Goodman & P. Gorski (Eds.), Decolonizing Multicultural Counseling and Psychology: Visions for Social Justice Theory and Practice (pp. 24-40). New York: Springer.
- Smith, L. C., & Geroski, A. M., (2014). Decolonizing Alterity Models within School Counseling Practice. In R. Goodman & P. Gorski (Eds.), Decolonizing Multicultural Counseling and Psychology: Visions for Social Justice Theory and Practice (pp. 99-116). New York: Springer.
- Smith, L. C. & Shin, R. (2014). Queer blindfolding: Difference “blindness” towards persons who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. Journal of Homosexuality 61,940-961. DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2014.870846 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C., Geroski, A. M. & Tyler, K. B., (2014). Abandoning Colorblind Practice in School Counseling. Journal of School Counseling, 12 (16), Retrieved from http://www.jsc.montana.edu/articles/v12n16.pdf [abstract]
- Smith, L. C. (2013). How the ASCA national model both promotes and inhibits safe schools for queer youth: An inquiry using critical theory. The Journal for LGBT Issues in Counseling, 7, 339-354. DOI: 10.1080/15538605.2013.839340 [abstract]
- Smith, L.C., Shin, R. Q., & Officer, L. M. (2012). Moving counseling forward on LGBT issues: Speaking queerly on discourses and microaggressions. The Counseling Psychologist, 40, 385-408. DOI: 10.1177/0011000011403165 [abstract]
- Goodrich, K.M., Shin, R. Q., & Smith, L. C. (2011). The doctorate in counselor education. The International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 33, 184-195. DOI 10.1007/s10447-011-9123-7 [abstract]
- Shin, R. Q., Smith, L. C., Goodrich, K. M., & LaRosa, N. D. (2011). Attending to diversity among CACREP master’s programs: A pilot study. The International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 33, 113-126. DOI 10.1007/s10447-011-9116-6 [abstract]
- Smith, L.C. (2009). The anxiety of affirming heterosexuals when negotiating heteronormativity. Human Services Education, 29, 49-58. [abstract]
- Smith, L.C., & Shin, R. Q. (2008). Social privilege, social justice, and group counseling: An inquiry. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 33, 351-366. DOI: 10.1080/01933920802424415 [abstract]
- Smith, L. C. (2007). Conceptualizing spirituality and religion in counseling: Where we've come from, where we are, and where we are going. Journal of Pastoral Counseling, 42, 4-21. [abstract]
Awards and Recognition
- Kroepsch-Maurice Excellence in Teaching Award from UVM Center for Teaching and Learning : The Kroepsch-Maurice Excellence in Teaching Awards recognize faculty for excellent instruction. Areas considered for selection include: *Excellence in instruction (including learning experiences outside the traditional classroom) *Capacity to animate students and engage them in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding *Innovation in teaching methods and/or curriculum development *Demonstrated commitment to cultural diversity *Ability to motivate and challenge students *Evidence of excellent advising (2018)
- UVM Graduate Student Senate, Excellence in Teaching Award Nomination from UVM Graduate Student Senate: This nomination was made in recognition of teaching excellence in graduate education at UVM. (2015)
- UVM Graduate Student Senate, Excellence in Teaching Award Nomination from Graduate College at UVM: This nomination was made in recognition of teaching excellence in graduate education at UVM. (2014)
- Doctoral Research Prize from School of Education, Syracuse University: Awarded by the School of Education at Syracuse University for excellence in scholarship at the doctoral level (2010)
- Doctoral Prize from Graduate School, Syracuse University : Awarded by the Graduate School at Syracuse University for exemplifying excellence in scholarship and research at the graduate level (2010)
- Syracuse University Fellowship from School of Education, Syracuse University: Awarded by the School of Education in recognition of service, leadership and scholarship (2006)
- American Counseling Association (ACA), American Psychological Association (APA)
Licensure or Certifications
- Approved Clinical Supervisor
- Licensed Middel School Teacher, Virginia
- Licensed School Counselor, Alaksa
- Licensed Teacher, Grades 6-8, Alaska
- Nationally Certified Counselor
- Ph.D. in Counselor Education and Supervision from Syracuse University
Phone: (802) 656-3898
Office: 102A Mann Hall
Find me online:
Courses Taught in the Last 5 Years
Counseling Internship; Counseling Lab; Counseling Practicum; Counseling Theory; Diversity Issues in Counseling; Internship; Practicum ; Research Methods in Counseling