Classics/History 121

History of Greece     

Fall 2013

Stafford 101

MWF 3:00-3:50

Barbara Saylor Rodgers

481 Main Street room 301, telephone 656-4607

Office hours MWF 10:30-11:30 and by appointment

Contact Instructor

Research Projects: Instructions and suggested topics

REQUIRED TEXTS (all available at UVM bookstore)

Pomeroy, Burstein, Donlan, and Roberts.  Ancient Greece. A Political, Social, and Cultural History (= AG) (also on reserve)
Herodotus The Histories (Oxford; but any translation is acceptable; cited by book and chapter) (also on reserve)
Thucydides The Peloponnesian War (Hackett; but any translation is acceptable; cited by book and chapter) (also on reserve)
Xenophon The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika; cited by book and chapter) (also on reserve)
Plutarch The Rise and Fall of Athens (Penguin translation; cited by name of life)

[Note: others of Plutarch's Lives are assigned later in the semester, and there are links below. If you prefer to use a book, either check the library or get the Penguin volume entitled The Age of Alexander, ISBN 0140442863]

Other readings as assigned, either xeroxed or on-line

Books on Reserve

Strauss, The Battle of Salamis (there is an assignment in this book for 2 October)
Osborne, Greek History (= GH) [suggested reading]
Ehrenberg. From Solon to Socrates (= SS) [suggested reading]
The Landmark Herodotus
The Landmark Thucydides
The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika

READINGS should be done prior to the class date under which they are listed.



26  Sources and Methods; Prejudices and Limitations of Inquiry
AG Introduction (chapter 1 pp. 1-11); A.M. Snodgrass, "Greek Archaeology and Greek History," Classical Antiquity 4 (1985) 193-207
GH chapter 1

Map of Most of the Ancient Greek World

Map with narrower boundaries

Map of Mainland Greece, Island, and Asia Minor (lots of place names)

28  Minoans and Mycenaeans
AG chapter 1 pp. 12-40
SS chapter I.1-2
Map of the Eastern Mediterranean

Map of Mycenaean World and the Near East ca. 1450 BCE

Dr. J's Illustrated Pylos, Mycenae, and Tiryns
Knossos: Bluffton College (Mary Ann Sullivan)


Linear B

30  Religion and the Homeric World
Thucydides book 1.1-24; AG chapter 1 pp. 40-54


4  Dark Ages
AG chapter 2
SS chapter I.3
6  Archaic Greece: Formation of City-States
AG chapter 3 pp. 102-120
GH chapter 2

Map of Sixth-century Greece


9  Archaic Greece: Hesiod and Other Voices
Hesiod Works and Days lines 1-319 (read online or download a pdf of the whole work); AG chapter 3 pp. 120-152
GH chapter 3

Homeric Hymns

11  Archaic Greece: Colonies and Commerce
Herodotus book 2.99-182, 4.145-167
SS chapter I.4

Some Greek Colonies

Areas of Colonization (Greek and Phoenician)

Map of the World according to Hecataeus of Miletus
13  Archaic Greece: Tyrants
Herodotus 1.14, 20-24, 3.39-60, 120-125, 5.67-69, 92, 95, 6.126-131

Map of Central Greece and the Peloponnesus

GH chapter 4
SS chapter I.5

Some Features of Greek Tyrannies

16  Central and Northern Greece; Northern Barbarians
Herodotus books 4.1-82, 5.1-10; Thucydides book 2.29, 95-103
Map of the World known to Herodotus
Dr. J's Illustrated Olympia and Delphi

Excavations at Lefkandi

Map of Northern Greece

18  Sparta and the Peloponnesus
Herodotus book 1.56-68; AG chapter 4
Plutarch Lycurgus

SS chapter II

Map of Southern Greece

Map of the Peloponnesus

A list of Spartan Kings

20  Western Greeks
Thucydides book 6.1-6; Herodotus books 6.22-24, 7.153-167

Map of Southern Italy and Sicily


23  Early Athens

Thucydides book 1. 126-127; Plutarch Life of Solon; AG chapter 5 pp. 186-207; Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians 1-22 i.e. Part 1 (this page has three links to the different parts of the work)
    One can find the same translation here but divided into seven parts
SS chapter III

Eponymous Archons of Athens

Outline of books 1 and 5 of Herodotus
Dr. J's Illustrated Eleusis
25  Sixth-Century Athens
Herodotus book 5.39-96; Thucydides book 6.53-59
SS chapter IV
27  Greece and the Near East
Herodotus book 1.1-33, 75-216, 3.61-87; AG chapter 5 pp. 207-210
GH chapter 5

C. H. Greenewalt, Jr., "When a Mighty Empire Was Destroyed: The Common Man at the Fall of Sardis, ca. 546 B.C.," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 136 (1992) 247-271 (if you start reading at p. 257 you will want to keep reading)

Achaemenid Kings of Persia

Achaemenid Empire

Cyrus the Great

Persepolis and Ancient Iran

And since Thales shows up in book 1 of Herodotus, a little string theory
30  Darius and the Ionian revolt; Marathon
Herodotus book 6; AG chapter 5 pp. 210-223
Dr. J's Pictures of Cape Sounion (Sunium)


2  Marathon and its Aftermath
Herodotus book 7.1-25, 132-152, 168-239; chapters 3-4 of Strauss, The Battle of Salamis
4  Xerxes' invasion of Greece
Herodotus book 8; AG chapter 5 pp. 223-230

The Serpent-Column

Aeschylus Persae, containing an account of the battle of Salamis by a contemporary and participant

Apollo's Analemma

Kings of Macedon

7  End of the Persian War

Herodotus book 9
9  Athens Rebuilds
Thucydides book 1.128-138; Plutarch Lives of Themistocles and Aristeides
SS chapter V

Some ostraka

11  Test 1

14  The Great Fifty Years: Harmony and the Foundation of the Athenian Empire

Thucydides book 1.89-117; Aristotle Constitution of the Athenians 23-27; Plutarch Life of Cimon; AG chapter 6 pp. 232-242
SS chapter VI.1-2

Parallel Events of the Pentecontaetia

16  The Great Fifty Years: The First Peloponnesian War
Plutarch Life of Pericles; AG chapter 6 pp. 242-275
GH chapter 6

Map of Athenian Empire ca. 450 BCE

SS chapter VIII.1-2

Colors on the Parthenon and on sculptures and statues

18  The Great Fifty Years: Periclean Athens
Thucydides book 1.25-88, 118-125, 139-146; AG chapter 7
GH chapter 7

SS chapter VI.3-4

The Parian Marble (to get started, go to the far right of the screen)

21  The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War
Thucydides book 2.1-94; AG chapter 8 pp. 323-326
SS chapter VII.1

Map of Greece ca. 431 BCE

Smaller Map

Dr. J's Illustrated Acropolis

23  The Archidamian War and Peace of Nicias

Thucydides books 3.1-90, 4.1-51, 80-135, 5.1-24; Aristotle Constitution of the Athenians 28; AG chapter 8 pp. 326-340
SS chapter VII.2

Medea in context

Parallel Events of the Peloponnesian War period

Two translations of the stasis at Corcyra
To see the site of the Battle of Sphakteria, see Dr. J's Illustrated Pylos
Aristophanes Peace
25  Cold War and Foreign Affairs
Thucydides books 5.25-6 (= the rest of book 5 and all of book 6); AG chapter 8 pp. 340-343

Aristophanes in the UK Part I and Part II

28  The Sicilian Expedition
Thucydides book 7; AG chapter 8 pp. 343-349
30  Generations
Plutarch Lives of Nicias and Alcibiades; Aristotle Constitution of the Athenians 29-34; AG chapter 8 pp. 349-353
SS chapter VII.3


1  The Decelean War
Thucydides book 8; Xenophon books 1.1.1-2.2.24; AG chapter 8 pp. 353-357
SS chapter VII.4

The War That Never Ends

Test 2

6  Revolutions; Persian Foreign Policy

Xenophon books 2.3.1-2.4.43, 3.1.1-3.5.25; Aristotle Constitution of the Athenians 35-41; AG chapter 8 pp. 357-367
Lysias Against Eratosthenes

SS chapter VIII.3-6

8  Spartan Hegemony
Plutarch Life of Lysander; Xenophon book 4 (all); AG chapter 9 pp. 369-376
11  The Second Athenian League
Xenophon books 5 (all), 6.1.1-6.4.37; AG chapter 9 pp. 377-388
13  Theban Hegemony
Plutarch Lives of Pelopidas and Agesilaus; Nepos Life of Epaminondas

Map of Greece ca. 362 BCE

Note: a number of biographies, available online, are required reading; if you want to buy a book that has most of these, there is a Penguin volume entitled The Age of Alexander ISBN 0140442863 (Lives of Agesilaus, Pelopidas, Dion, Timoleon, Demosthenes, Phocion, Alexander, Demetrius, Pyrrhus)

15  Syracuse and Carthage
Xenophon book 6.5.1-7.5.27; Plutarch Lives of Timoleon and Dion; AG chapter 9 pp. 388-406
18  Macedonia before the King's Peace; Phocis
Demosthenes' First Philippic; AG chapter 10
20  The League of Corinth
Plutarch Life of Demosthenes
GH chapter 8
22  Alexander III: The Conquest of Persia and the Far East
Plutarch Life of Alexander; AG chapter 11

Map of the Macedonian Empire

Gordian knot metaphor


2  The Successors' Wars;
AG chapter 12

Plutarch Lives of Agis and Cleomenes

Theocritus Idyll 15

Callimachus Epigrams

Polybius on Civil war in Cynaitha

4  Seleucids, Ptolemies, Antigonids, and Rome

AG Epilogue
Hellenistic Kings

Agelaus makes a prophecy

Research Project Due

13  Final exam

GRADE in the course is based upon four factors:

Two in-class examinations, 11 October (25%) and 4 November (25%)*
Final examination: 13 December at 1:30 p.m. (25%)
Research project** (25%)

*No makeups for unexcused absences; makeups for excused absences will take place during final exam period (final exam will be about as long as a regular in-class exam)

**Familiarity with and intelligent use of both primary and secondary sources, and knowing the difference between them, is crucial to a good research project. I can provide suggestions for topics, but since the most rewarding and successful research comes from each individual's own interests, each student should consult me (by mid October, to allow time to check availability of resources).

Some suggested topics

Note: Late projects will be marked down 10 percentage points per weekday (weekends free)

Last updated: 1 December 2013
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