Human language reveals a universal positivity bias [arxiv] [PNAS]

Peter Sheridan Dodds, Eric Clark, Suma Desu, Morgan Frank, Andrew Reagan, Jake Ryland Williams, Lewis Mitchell, Kameron Decker Harris, Isabel M. Kloumann, James P. Bagrow, Karine Megerdoomian, Matthew T. McMahon, Brian F. Tivnan, and Christopher M. Danforth

All data files:

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See below for individual language downloads.


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Arabic

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Movie and TV Subtitles — [words] [scores]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated into English]


Chinese:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated in English]


English:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

The New York Times — [words] [scores] [source]

Music Lyrics — [words] [scores]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores]


French:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Web Crawl — [words] [scores] [source]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


German:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Web Crawl — [words] [scores] [source]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


Indonesian:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Movies — [words] [scores]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


Korean:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Movies — [words] [scores]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


Portuguese:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Web Crawl — [words] [scores] [source]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


Russian:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

Movie and TV Subtitles — [words] [scores]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]


Spanish:

Word lists and scores for individual corpora:

Twitter — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Books — [words] [scores] [source]

Google Web Crawl — [words] [scores] [source]

Merged word lists and scores:

[words] [scores] [words translated to English]