Below is a sampling of current projects, which range from field studies to modeling exercises, and from local Vermont work to global efforts. All tend to combine natural and social sciences and to link rigorous research with real-world conservation problems.
Roughly 70% of the world's most economically important crops benefit from animal pollination. As managed honeybees decline in North America and elsewhere, it has become increasingly important to understand how communities of wild bees provide pollination services and what determines their dynamics in agricultural landscapes. We conduct field studies in Vermont and elsewhere to understand the ecological importance and economic value of crop pollination services. We work with a global group of collaborators to distill general lessions from these field studies. And we are developing simple models that predict pollination services across agricultural landscapes and are using them to estimate consequences of land use change. We aim to use these models to support land use decisions and policies both in Vermont and around the world.
Eric Lonsdorf, Claire Kremen, Jim Regetz, Rufus Isaacs, Neal Williams, Vermont farmers, Leif Richardson
Koh, I., Lonsdorf, E. V., Williams, N. M., Brittain, C., Isaacs, R., Gibbs, J. & T.H. Ricketts (2016) Modeling the status, trends, and impacts of wild bee abundance in the United States. Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517685113 PDF
Ricketts, T.H., E. Lonsdorf (2013). Mapping the margin: Comparing marginal values of tropical forest remnants for pollination services. Ecological Applications 23(5): 1113-1123. PDF
Garibaldi, L.A., et al. (2013). Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey-bee abundance. Science 339(6127): 1608-1611. PDF
Ecosystems provide multiple interacting services that support human economies and livelihoods (e.g., carbon storage, water purification, recreation opportunities, coastal protection). We collaborate widely to map sources of ecosystem services across landscapes, estimate their economic value, quantify trade-offs among them, and predict consequences of likely land use and climate change. This work includes spatial cost-benefit analyses for forest conservation across regions, as well as global studies to analyze the congruence of important regions for ecosystem services and biodiversity. Our largest effort in this area is the Natural Capital Project, a collaboration among universities and NGOs to develop simple models to map and value ecosystem services and to apply them around the world to support conservation. The ultimate goal of this work is to make quantifying ecosystem services so straightforward and routine that they are mainstreamed into all major resource decisions by governments, banks, and NGOs.
Andrew Balmford, Nirmal Bhagabati, Gretchen Daily, Brendan Fisher, Jon Foley, Peter Kareiva, Robin Naidoo, Steve Polasky, Mary Ruckelshaus, Heather Tallis
Watson, K.B., Ricketts, T.H., Galford, G., Polasky, S. & J. O’Neil-Dunne (2016) Quantifying flood mitigation services: The economic value of Otter Creek wetlands and floodplains to Middlebury, VT. Ecological Economics 130: 16-24. PDF
Posner, S.M., E. McKenzie, and T.H. Ricketts. (2016) Policy impacts of ecosystem services knowledge. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1502452113 PDF
Guerry, A. D., S. Polasky, J. Lubchenco, R. Chaplin-Kramer, G.C. Daily, R. Griffin, M. Ruckelshaus, I.J. Bateman, A. Duraiappah, T. Elmqvist,, M.W. Feldman, C. Folke, J. Hoekstra, R.M. Kareiva, B.L Keeler, S. Li, E. McKenzie, Z. Ouyang, B. Reyers, T.H Ricketts, et al. (2015). Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(24):7348–7355. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1503751112 PDF
Ecosystems not only provide economic benefits to people, they support human health as well. Forests, reefs, and wetlands can provide nutrition to rural communities, regulate air and water quality, and control infectious diseases. We are just beginning a collaborative project to investigate the linkages between ecosystems and human health. As part of HEAL, a broad consortium of universities and conservation organizations, we are developing models to estimate and predict changes in human health outcomes due to ecosystem degradation. And with a grant from SESYNC, we are using global health surveys to relate ecosystems, resource governance, and health indicators.
Sam Myers, Steve Osofsky, Kate Brauman
Ellis, A.M., S.S. Myers, T.H. Ricketts (2015). Do pollinators contribute to nutritional health? PLoS ONE 10(1): e114805. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0114805. PDF
Kent H Redford, Samuel S Myers, Taylor H Ricketts, Steven A Osofsky (2014). Human Health as a Judicious Conservation Opportunity. Conservation Biology 28(3): 627-629. PDF
Myers, S., L. Gaffikin, C.D. Golden, R.S. Ostfeld, K.H. Redford, T.H. Ricketts, W.R. Turner, S.A. Osofsky (2013). Human health impacts of ecosystem alteration. PNAS 110 (47) 18753-18760. PDF
Understanding the distribution and abundance of organisms, and the mechanisms driving those patterns, is fundamental to ecology. It also helps identify conservation priorities, understand global extinction dynamics, and optimize research and conservation investment. We continue to explore how biodiversity is distributed, how these patterns relate to important drivers of change, and how this understanding can strengthen conservation efforts. Projects vary from identifying vertebrate species facing most imminent extinction to quantifying levels of global concordance among richness and endemism for different taxa.
Robin Abell, Eric Dinerstein, Jon Hoekstra, John Lamoreux, Colby Loucks
Brendan Fisher, Andrew Balmford, Paul J Ferraro, Louise Glew, Michael Mascia, Robin Naidoo, Taylor H Ricketts (2013). Moving Rio Forward and Avoiding 10 More Years with Little Evidence for Effective Conservation Policy. Conservation Biology 28(3): 880-882. PDF
Butchart, S.H., et al. (2012). Protecting important sites for biodiversity contributes to meeting global conservation targets. PloS ONE 7:e32529. PDF
Lamoreux, J.F., J.C. Morrison, T.H. Ricketts, D.M. Olson, E. Dinerstein, M.W. McKnight, H. H. Shugart (2006). Global tests of biodiversity concordance and the importance of endemism. Nature 440:212-213. PDF
Last modified July 11 2016 10:59 AM