M. Ahmad Chaudhry, PhD
Associate Professor of Radiation Therapy
Office: 302F Rowell
Phone: (802) 656-0569
Dr. Chaudhry received a PhD degree in molecular biology from the University of Manchester, UK. He did postdoctoral research work at University of Alberta, Canada, before joining University of Pennsylvania as a Senior Research Investigator. His research interests are micro-RNA responses to radiation exposure, radiation-induced bystander effect, cell cycle perturbations and the enzymatic processing of clustered DNA damage. Dr. Chaudhry joined the faculty of the Department of Medical Laboratory and Radiation Sciences, University of Vermont in 2004.
PhD, University of Manchester, UK, Molecular Biology
MSc, University of Manchester, UK, Molecular Biology
- Radiation Biology
- DNA repair
The role of micro-RNA in the cellular response to radiation treatment
Ionizing radiation interferes with cellular functions at all levels of cell organization. The ionizing radiation-induced stress response is very complex and involves many cellular processes. Dr. Chaudhry is investigating the involvement of small non-coding micro-RNA in the response of human cells exposed to ionizing radiation. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are small non-protein-coding single-stranded RNAs of ~22 nucleotides that function as negative gene regulators. miRNA negatively regulate their targets either by binding with perfect or nearly perfect complementarity to protein coding mRNA sequences to induce the RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) pathway. Most miRNAs do not cleave their mRNA targets as a mechanism of gene regulation. These miRNAs bind to imperfect complementary sites within the 3′ untranslated regions (UTRs) of their mRNA targets. In this case the target-gene repression occurs post-transcriptionally at the level of translation resulting in reduced protein levels but the mRNA levels remain unaffected. A single miRNA has the capability to bind to as many as 200 diverse gene targets ranging from transcription factors, secreted factors, receptors and transporters, thus potentially controlling the expression of about one-third of human mRNAs. Research has identified cell type specific modulation of several miRNA in gamma-radiation and X-ray-treated human cells. Other studies from our laboratory showed that the expression of many miRNA markedly differ within the same cell line after exposure to either low or high doses of radiation. His work also identified radiation-induced modulation of miRNA in cells with altered DNA repair capability. These studies have provided evidence that miRNA are involved in the response to ionizing radiation exposure in human cells.
Chaudhry, M. A., Omaruddin, R. A., Tariq, M. A., and Pourmand, N. (2013). Identification of radiation-induced microRNA transcriptome by next-generation massively parallel sequencing. Journal of Radiation Research. 54: 808–822. (Abstract)
Omaruddin, R. A., Roland, T. A., Wallace III, H. J., and Chaudhry, M. A. (2013). Gene expression as a biomarker for human radiation exposure. Human Cell. 26: 2-7. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. (2013). Expression pattern of small nucleolar RNA host genes and long Non-coding RNA in X-rays-treated lymphoblastoid cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14: 9099-9110. (Abstract)
Lhakhang, T. W. and Chaudhry, M. A. (2012). Current approaches to micro-RNA analysis and target gene prediction. J Applied Genetics. 53: 149-158. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. and Prelock, P. A. (2012). Enhancing the research and scholarship enterprise. Nurse Educator. 37: 54-55.
Chaudhry, M. A. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2012). Transcriptional changes of mitochondrial genes in irradiated cells proficient or deficient in p53. Journal of Genetics. 91: 105-110. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A., Omaruddin, R. A., Kreger, B., de Toledo, S. M., and Azzam, E. I. (2012). Micro RNA responses to chronic or acute low doses of radiation exposure. Mol. Biol. Reports. 39: 7549-7558. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2012). Differential DNA methylation alterations in radiation sensitive and resistant cells. DNA and Cell Biology. 31: 908-916. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2012). Differential regulation of microRNA expression in irradiated and bystander cells. Molecular Biology. 46: 569-578. (Abstract)
Lhakhang, T. W. and Chaudhry, M. A. (2012). Interactome of radiation-induced micro-RNA predicted target genes. Comparative and Functional Genomics 2012: 569731. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2011). Mitochondrial gene expression in directly irradiated and non-irradiated bystander cells. Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals. 26: 657-663. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A. (2011). Co-curricular Education Assessment. Radiologic Technology. 83: 90-91.
Chaudhry, M. A. (2010). Strategies for detecting genomic DNA methylation: A survey of US patents. Recent Patents on DNA & Gene Sequences. 4: 79-85.
Chaudhry, M. A., Kreger, B. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2010). Transcriptional modulation of micro-RNA in human cells differing in radiation sensitivity. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 86: 569-583. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M. A., Sachdeva, H. and Omaruddin, R. A. (2010). Radiation-induced micro-RNA modulation in glioblastoma cells differing in DNA-repair pathways. DNA and Cell Biology. 29: 553-561. (Abstract)
Omaruddin, R. A. and Chaudhry, M.A. (2010). Detection of genomic DNA methylation with Denaturing High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. Human Cell. 23: 41-49. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M.A. (2009). Real-time PCR analysis of Micro-RNA expression in ionizing radiation treated cells. Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals. 24: 49-56 (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M.A. (2008). Analysis of gene expression in normal and cancer cells exposed to g-radiation. J Biomed. Biotech. 2008: 541678. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M.A.(2008). Biomarkers for human radiation exposure. J Biomed Sci. 15: 557-563. (Abstract)
Yang, N., Chaudhry, M.A., Wallace, S. S. (2006). Base Excision Repair by hNTH1 and hOGG1: A Two Edged Sword in the Processing of DNA Damage in g-irradiated Human Cells. DNA Repair 5: 43-51. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M.A.(2006). Bystander effect: Biological endpoints and microarray analysis. Mutation Research 597:98-112. (Abstract)
Chaudhry, M.A.(2006). An exercise to estimate differential gene expression in human cells. Biochem Mol Biol Edu 34: 116-120. (Abstract)
Last modified April 15 2014 10:58 AM