Distinguished Visiting Professor
The University of Vermont and St. Michael's College
2003 to Present
Bicentennial Scholar-in-Residence
Middlebury College
1999 - 2003
U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland August 1996 - 1999
Deputy Secretary
U.S. Department of Education
January 1993 - August 1996
Rockefeller Fellow
First Nelson A. Rockefeller Center Distinguished Visiting Fellow
Dartmouth College (University appointment)
September - December 1992
The McDowell Colony
Summer 1992
Distinguished Visitor in Public Policy
Bunting Institute
Radcliffe College (University appointment)
1991 - 1992
Montgomery Fellow
Dartmouth College (Univesity appointment)
1991 - 1992
Founder and Board President
Institute for Sustainable Communities
Montpelier, Vermont
Governor, State of Vermont
Served three terms
1985 - 1991
Executive Committee, National Governors' Conference
Chair, New England Governors' Conference
Lieutenant Governor, State of Vermont
Served two terms
1979 - 1983
Vermont General Assembly
Member, three terms
Party Whip 1975-1978
Chair of House Appropriations Committee 1976 - 1977
1973 - 1979
Fellow, Institute of Politics
Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government
(University appointment)
1983 - 1984

International Experience

  • Led trade missions to Japan, Switzerland, Germany,
        Montreal,Toronto. Participated in Governors' briefing
        on European Community and NATO in Brussels.
  • 1981
  • Established sister state relationships between Vermont and
        Autonomous Russian Republic of Karelia; first American
        official to visit since Russian Revolution, paving the way for
        on-going citizen exchanges.
  • 1967
  • Chaired election observations team in Bulgaria to monitor first
        free elections in 45 years at request of National Democratic
        Institute for International Affairs. Participated in opening of
        Environmental Center in Budapest.
  • 1956


    Program for State and Local Government
    Kennedy School of Government
    Harvard University
    M.A., English Literature
    University of Vermont
    M.S., School of Journalism
    Columbia University
    B.S., cum Laude
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    Honorary Degrees    (Included are the following:)
    Clark University; Green Mountain College (MA); Hebrew Union College (N.Y.C.); Jewish Theologian Seminary (N.Y.C.); Lesley College; Middlebury College; Mount Holyoke College; North Adams State College (MA); Norwich University; Russell Sage College; St. Michael's College; SUNY Plattsburgh; Trinity College (VT); University of New Hampshire; University of Massachusetts (Amherst); University of Vermont; Vermont Law School; Yeshiva University; The Claremont Graduate School; Williams College.

    Environmental Activities

    Senior fellow, World Wildlife Fund and Conservation Foundation
    National Governors' Association - Committee on energy and Environment Chair 1988-1990
    Committee on Global Climate Change .
    Vermont ranked first in nation in environmental policy by Institute for Southern Studies.

    Education Activities as Governor

    Doubled funding for public education; initiated new public school assessment program; revised vocational training; established kindergarten for all schools; created early education programs for three and four year old low income children; worked with private sector to establish incentive grants for school restructuring; established School Report Day. Named one of ten education governors by Fortune Magazine. Vermont ranked first in nation for children's services by two child advocacy organizations.

    Boards and Commissions

    Audubon Society; Center for Policy Alternatives; Clean Sites; John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company; Institute of Politics, Harvard University (Board of Visitors); Human Rights Watch; International Rescue Committee; Project Liberty (Harvard University); The Twentieth Century Fund; Vermont Farm Youth Corps; Winrock International; The Women's Campaign Fund.

    Awards and Honors

    Numerous awards for work in the environment, education and human services.
    Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences


    Fluent in German and French.


    Living a Political Life (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., March 1994)
    The Big Green Book, co-author (Crown Publishers, 1976)
    Numerous articles and columns in national newspapers and magazines including the Washington Post, Boston Glove, Christian Science Monitor, and many Vermont newspapers.

    Public Speaking

    Lectured on education, the environmnet, women's issues, family/workplace issues at numerous universities, including Boston College, Harvard University (Divinity School, Law School, School of Public Health, Kennedy School), Radcliffe College, Princeton University (Woodrow Wilson School), Mount Holyoke College, Rutgers University, Smith College, Wellesley College, Wheaton College, Williams College, and Yale University. Held visiting lectureships at Duke University, Princeton University, University of Chicago and Williams College.
    Commentator for Vermont Public Radio.

    Professional Activities prior to 1973

    Newspaper reporter for the Burlington Free Press, Burlington, Vermont
    Producer for WCAX television, Burlington, Vermont
    Instructor in English literature at Trinity College of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont
    Radio talk show host
    Community volunteer