My research aims to understand and predict how forest communities grow and change when confronted with new disturbance regimes, species, and a changing climate, with a goal to inform forest management. To do this, my projects with the Silviculture and Applied Forest Ecology Lab at UVM (1) measure forest demography with fine-scale measurements of individual trees (tree rings) and stands (inventory plots), (2) develop empirical models of forest community change to uncover processes, such as patterns of species distribution, die-back, and migration that can be scaled across larger landscapes, typically with the help of remotely sensed imagery (Landsat, MODIS, Hyperspectral data, and Lidar), and (3) predict future forest conditions through use and improvement of dynamic forest models, with a focus on the open-source landscape simulation model Landis-II.
Research Assistant Professor
- Teitelbaum, C.S., Sirén, A.P.K., Coffel, E., Foster, J.R., Frair, J.L., Hinton, J.W., et al. (2021). Habitat use as indicator of adaptive capacity to climate change. Diversity and Distributions.
- Nevins, M.T., J.A., D'Amato, A.W., Foster, J.R., (2021). Future forest composition under a changing climate and adaptive forest management in southeastern Vermont, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 479, 118527.
- Woodall, C.W., Westfall, J.A., D'Amato, A.W., Foster, J.R., Walters, B.F. (2018). Decadal changes in tree range stability across forests of the eastern U.S. Forest Ecology and Management 429: 503–510.
- Foster, J.R. (2017). Xylem traits, leaf longevity and growth phenology predict growth and mortality response to defoliation in northern temperate forests. Tree Physiology 37:1151-1165.
- Curzon, M.T., D'Amato, A.W., Fraver, S., Palik, B.J., Bottero, A., Foster, J.R., Gleason, K.E. (2017). Harvesting influences functional identity and diversity over time in forests of the northeastern U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management 400:93-99.
- Itter, M.S., Finley, A.O., D’Amato, A.W., Foster, J.R., and J.B. Bradford. (2017). Variable effects of climate on forest growth in relation to climate extremes, disturbance, and forest dynamics. Ecological Applications 27:1082-1095.
- Gustafson, E.J., de Bruijn, A., Lichti, N., Jacobs, D.F., Sturtevant, B.R., Foster, J.R., Miranda, B., Dalgleish, H.J. (2017). The implications of American chestnut reintroduction on landscape dynamics and carbon storage. Ecosphere 8:e01773.
- Foster, J.R., Finley, A.O., D’Amato, A.W., Bradford, J.B., and S. Banerjee. (2016) Predicting tree biomass growth in the temperate-boreal ecotone: is tree size, age, competition or climate response most important? Global Change Biology 22:2138-2151. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13208
- Foster, J.R. and A.W. D’Amato. 2015. Montane forest ecotones moved downslope in northeastern US in spite of warming between 1984 and 2011. Global Change Biology 21:4497-4507. DOI:10.1111/gcb.13046
Areas of Expertise and/or Research
Instructional programs: Forestry, Natural Resources
Research: Forest ecology, remote sensing, landscape ecology, forest management, dendroecology
- Ph.D. Forestry, University of Wisconsin, 2011
- M.F.S. Forest Science, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Science, 2000
- B.A. Biology, Yale University, 1996