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Project:
Quantifying the legacy of foliar winter injury on woody aboveground carbon sequestration of red spruce trees

Objectives: Red spruce tree cores were collected from 30 plots in VT, NH, and MA to assess the influence of the 2003 winter injury event on long-term growth and C sequestration.

Principal Investigator: Alexandra Kosiba, Paul Schaberg, Gary Hawley

Laboratory: Schaberg/Hawley Lab

Recommended Citation: Kosiba AM, Schaberg PG, Hawley GJ, and Hansen CF. 2009. Red spruce tree cores from Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts.

Project Contents: Data for 39 Plots, 380 Trees, 756 Cores

Project Period: 2010-09-01 to 2013-05-14

Species:

Picea rubens

Data License: cc-zero license logo

What's this?

Description: In 2003, a severe region-wide event damaged over 90% of red spruce in the northeastern US. We assessed the influence of the 2003 winter injury event on long-term growth and C sequestration of red spruce trees by measuring the xylem growth (basal area increment) in forest stands in Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts where winter injury was quantified in 2003. To do this, we assessed dominant and co-dominant red spruce trees in 30 forest plots (10–15 trees per plot) from 14 locations that had been quantified for winter injury severity (visual assessment of damage to current-year foliage, ranging from 0% to 100%) in 2003 (a sub-set of the 27 locations and 176 plots assessed by Lazarus et al., 2004).

Related Publications:

  1. Kosiba, A.M., Schaberg, P.G, Hawley, G.J., and Hansen C.F.. 2013. Quantifying the legacy of foliar winter injury on woody aboveground carbon sequestration of red spruce trees. Forest Ecology and Management, 302, pp.363-371. doi:/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.006 View


Project Metadata

Taxonomic standard used: USDA Plants Database

How plots were selected: We selected 30 red spruce plots that had been quantified for winter injury severity in 2003 (a sub-set of the 27 locations and 176 plots assessed by Lazarus et al., 2004) in VT, NH, and MA.

How trees were selected: We used dominant and co-dominant red spruce that were previously selected and assessed for winter injury damage in 2003 (Lazarus et. al. 2004).

Exclusion of trees (if any): We included all trees that had been previously assessed, including dead trees.

How cores were collected: We collected xylem increment cores in fall 2010. Two cores per tree were collected at stem DBH (1.3 m aboveground level) with a 5 mm increment borer at 180° to each other and perpendicular to the dominant slope.

How cores were processed: Cores were mounted in grooved wooden blocks, sanded, and crossdated using the list method (Yamaguchi, 1991). Annual xylem increments were microscopically measured to 0.001 mm resolution using a Velmex sliding stage unit (Velmex Inc., Bloomfield, NY) with MeasureJ2X software (VoorTech Consulting, Holderness, NH) according to methods of Stokes and Smiley (1968). The computer program COFECHA was used to detect and correct for potential crossdating errors in ring series (Holmes, 1983).

Exclusion of cores (if any): No cores were excluded.

Added to the database: 01/25/2018

Last modified: 01/25/2018

Sample of Plot Data

Up to 10 rows of data are shown below.

Plot ID Latitude Longitude Site Description Crew
ASC14143.433690-72.443950Red spruce forest, hardly any other species present, besides a few scattered paper birch; no understory, very dense and even aged; on knoll, exposed bedrock; not far from N-fertalization plots. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
BRI14544.108364-73.072037Base of talus slope, wilderness area; red spruce growing on rocks with white pine, blueberries, rock-cap polypody; low elevation.Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
BKE5544.584220-71.919850Low elevation disturbed site, edge of log-landing, appears that some trees may have been logged since 2005 (#204, 205, 206, and 210); big tooth aspen, larch, hemlock, fir, lots of understory, very flat and wet (in fact a number of uprooted trees, including red spruce). Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen, Emily Russell-Roy
BKE5844.576120-71.895750May be a ski glade, big dominant red spruce growing with balsam fir, exposed canopies, heart-leaf paper birch, lots of CWD, low ground cover. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen, Emily Russell-Roy
BNT18244.202870-72.340230Dense spruce-fir forest on knoll near Burnt Mtn summit, low understory, lots of dead/down; overall, trees looked really good, short in height. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
BNT18544.210889-72.362840Tall, super dominant red spruce near logging road (one tree, #252 was probably cut when the road was widened recently), growing on steep slope near a river with yellow birch, sugar maple, balsam fir, and some Norway spruce.Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
CAR17643.773400-72.919910Steep, east-facing slope just off summit of Mt Carmel, dense spruce-fir forest, little or no understory, lots of CWD, dominant red spruce barely above rest of canopy. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
CAR18043.768480-72.921230Large, very dominant red spruce (probably 45-65' tall), open; lots of red spruce regeneration (saplings/seedlings), understory sparce (ferns, hobblebush), other trees incl. beech, yel. birch. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen
ELL8244.164470-72.925080Likely a ski glade; spruce-fir forest, E-facing, with heart-leaf paper birch, high regeneration in understory.Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen, Paul Schaberg
ELL8444.166804-72.919135Very thick spruce-fir forest, nearly impossible to walk through, on a knoll near the top of a ski lift, high regeneration.Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen, Paul Schaberg
EQU14943.165868-73.114792Thick spruce-fir forest, lots of conifer regen, hard to move aound and find trees; canopies not very exposed, very dense. Alexandra Kosiba, Christopher Hansen, Paul Schaberg, Gary Hawley

Sample of Tree Data

Up to 10 rows of data are shown below.

Plot ID Tree ID Species Status Diameter Diameter Units Crown Position Vigor Dieback
ASC141171PIRU127.7centimeterDominant
ASC141172PIRU121.8centimeterCodominant
ASC141173PIRU125.1centimeterDominant
ASC141174PIRU123.3centimeterDominant
ASC141175PIRU126.3centimeterDominant
ASC141176PIRU125.7centimeterDominant
ASC141177PIRU125.3centimeterCodominant
ASC141178PIRU125centimeterDominant
ASC141179PIRU128centimeterDominant
ASC141180PIRU125.5centimeterDominant
BRI145590PIRU120.8centimeterDominant

Sample of raw core data

Up to 10 rows of data are shown below.

Plot ID Tree ID DBH Vigor Sample ID Species First Year Last Year Estimated Age 2010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980197919781977197619751974197319721971197019691968196719661965196419631962196119601959195819571956195519541953195219511950194919481947194619451944194319421941194019391938193719361935193419331932193119301929192819271926192519241923192219211920191919181917191619151914191319121911191019091908190719061905190419031902190119001899189818971896189518941893189218911890188918881887188618851884188318821881188018791878187718761875187418731872187118701869186818671866186518641863186218611860185918581857185618551854185318521851185018491848184718461845184418431842184118401839183818371836183518341833183218311830182918281827182618251824182318221821182018191818181718161815181418131812181118101809180818071806180518041803180218011800179917981797179617951794179317921791179017891788178717861785178417831782178117801779177817771776177517741773177217711770176917681767176617651764176317621761176017591758175717561755175417531752175117501749174817471746174517441743174217411740173917381737173617351734173317321731173017291728172717261725172417231722172117201719171817171716171517141713
ASC14117127.7APIRU19382010751.7871.3121.4431.26610.8220.8050.4320.7660.6060.5050.8340.7970.6890.7121.3751.1341.0471.3981.0811.6421.8231.6531.7530.9671.1750.9951.1961.1381.0021.1291.4371.5471.5021.4321.311.0050.8980.8220.7550.5370.3460.3250.4370.4520.6250.8560.8190.9981.4061.081.4151.6821.7660.9871.5841.5981.251.451.4781.7672.162.0192.6332.4622.9312.7972.3672.9642.9022.9692.5892.747
ASC14117127.7BPIRU19422010752.8672.8682.9593.112.2791.8291.8131.1921.8661.7721.6111.4551.6981.3471.3591.8211.7821.6062.1961.4512.3792.3142.22.7461.4991.9691.7211.7762.1071.8442.1592.5382.3922.6442.4782.5911.981.6211.2471.2170.9370.6340.4260.5630.5160.7810.830.9181.3061.6011.1141.5081.8322.0491.3811.7651.5671.4011.8332.5262.0962.3311.7952.6542.493.1283.0293.0913.468
ASC14117221.8APIRU19392010781.81.0981.1450.9740.8230.7320.6880.6661.020.9050.9870.8490.9940.9770.8841.4641.3031.6641.4431.3721.7551.4641.3141.6041.291.3351.1421.4651.3720.9041.1010.9630.6020.8050.7880.7470.6170.7180.7351.1160.8961.0130.8730.9641.0751.3321.1271.1381.1890.950.4090.90.9160.8280.5920.981.161.0451.0691.571.4381.8511.5031.71.4662.0991.8111.2011.482.2442.0631.755
ASC14117221.8BPIRU19382010781.6261.1791.0861.0830.7060.7910.8180.6420.7340.6360.7420.6751.0310.8940.8941.1081.0811.2111.1871.0391.211.0740.9671.0861.0251.1680.9380.830.7970.7340.9150.9180.6290.9741.0941.1620.8460.841.0761.0460.8830.8380.7850.8810.8711.1411.0591.0551.1351.2840.9081.9821.5651.5961.3871.7822.2832.2442.6353.0942.83.1563.1323.0222.7023.6612.9992.6381.8942.0821.7791.9012.702
ASC14117325.1APIRU19422010753.2043.0772.8993.4551.4251.9631.6350.9641.461.5491.4171.2391.2161.0541.0381.4341.0831.1591.3521.2361.2191.3061.4421.4151.3151.1371.2061.0770.9820.7160.9751.4451.1431.2160.6030.7170.7850.8280.7250.8110.7350.7340.7760.8650.9321.6191.5982.0952.452.3791.8531.9282.432.2961.6252.2231.9091.6081.9581.6241.9752.4521.8952.6552.1892.3432.5572.4183.138
ASC14117325.1BPIRU19402010752.3541.7421.7361.4611.1131.1420.910.5410.9360.8420.891.0410.9260.780.5860.8050.6010.5630.7940.6420.6210.9771.0211.2861.0511.0130.8121.0391.1170.8581.4531.7951.2181.1931.2871.1480.9550.8930.8911.0780.8450.6850.8321.0891.2831.8352.122.2222.0171.6981.3341.5951.9951.8581.2792.2642.0541.5112.0171.5291.3211.7691.5291.8161.5291.81.8751.6652.4953.1492.979
ASC14117423.3APIRU19292010831.4510.9581.0170.8410.4280.9421.2110.8711.0621.1230.9520.911.0160.8771.3011.7281.6781.9871.4331.0261.2741.1821.0651.3660.9330.8710.9150.880.7840.971.3711.371.2111.4691.170.5580.600.6150.5130.3320.2120.1840.2930.3530.6570.9460.890.9641.0850.7190.8270.7890.7170.6370.981.2750.8061.0130.9481.3231.9641.0851.8972.4473.232.2461.9592.162.0161.81.5131.9312.0381.6182.0531.4622.0162.0961.9431.5561.415
ASC14117423.3BPIRU19372010831.3890.8941.0011.0181.0181.5951.3260.8280.8920.9740.7430.7480.8560.7890.9091.1931.1831.0311.2811.1461.3261.1450.8111.1350.751.1141.1821.1041.3911.1731.2471.1951.1171.2830.8280.60.5290.460.6730.5570.3610.16400.190.2850.5220.7410.8140.8481.0040.7311.181.111.0180.991.3031.4970.7240.7340.8141.0911.4261.2951.7741.4782.0142.4312.1322.4422.0891.651.7561.7942.018
ASC14117526.3APIRU19502010741.9792.1591.9272.1671.8841.7631.8981.361.6831.671.3241.541.6081.4331.7572.091.8521.7042.1411.7672.1612.221.882.6122.5151.9691.6131.4721.8021.9682.5533.0652.5383.1392.9642.2071.5891.6711.3321.4731.6651.4171.2141.1750.9121.3411.4321.6692.1582.7111.9172.0061.7741.5281.0941.5261.4820.9861.7091.2581.357
ASC14117526.3BPIRU19492010741.9732.0022.2422.1361.7551.5481.4121.1031.2950.950.7310.8721.0240.9610.961.2231.1421.0271.1171.0691.4471.621.411.8041.4741.2080.9480.8881.1031.0531.4841.5541.7091.9861.7781.381.3651.0981.3381.3631.1991.1260.8970.7650.5120.9360.7981.2691.5572.1971.6351.4431.4031.1870.4841.2281.0070.7661.2911.0561.2491.556
ASC14117625.7APIRU19472010651.9221.5161.6071.971.2351.2781.0830.8051.4741.5550.8291.0850.9070.9951.0861.9321.6431.8351.9581.952.8022.3072.253.0152.522.65421.8112.0311.7412.3222.1762.412.2682.4412.3091.8871.8441.9361.9421.5390.9311.0541.2891.4071.9211.8252.1792.0812.5272.141.8462.0822.2481.742.2572.4951.8832.7462.3222.0642.6742.7942.324

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Plot Data

Tree Data

Increment Core Data

Supporting statistical/analytical files

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+ View individual files

ASC141_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
ASC141
BRI145_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
BRI145
BKE55_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
BKE55
BKE58_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
BKE58
BNT182_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
BNT182
BNT185_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
BNT185
CAR176_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
CAR176
CAR180_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
CAR180
ELL82_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
ELL82
ELL84_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
ELL84
EQU149_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
EQU149
EQU150_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
EQU150
EQU153_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
EQU153
EQU155_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
EQU155
GRY25_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
GRY25
GRY27_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
GRY27
HUB164_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB164
HUB165_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB165
HUB167_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB167
HUB168_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB168
HUB169_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB169
HUB171_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB171
HUB172_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB172
HUB174_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
HUB174
KIL86_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
KIL86
KIL92_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
KIL92
KIL115_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
KIL115
KIL118_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
KIL118
KIL121_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
KIL121
MRG127_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MRG127
MRG128_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MRG128
MAN69_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MAN69
MAN77_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MAN77
MAN79_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MAN79
MID101_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MID101
MOO158_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MOO158
MOO161_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MOO161
MOO162_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
MOO162
WLC52_Final.docx
Species
PIRU
Plots
WLC52

Crew:

Latitude:

Longitude:

Site Description:

Tree ID:

Species:

Status:

DBH:

Crown Position:

Vigor:

Dieback:

Species:

Series Intercorrelation:

Average Mean Sensitivity:

Standard Deviation:

Autocorrelation:

Number of dated series:

Segment Length Tested:

Number of Problem Segments:

Percent Problem Segments:

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