Forest Ecosystem Monitoring Cooperative

Global Evaluation of the Impacts of Storms on freshwater Habitat and Structure of phytoplankton Assemblages (GEISHA): Geneva Raw Weather Data

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  • Forest Ecosystem Monitoring Cooperative

    • Address:
      705 Spear Street
      South Burlington, Vermont 05403
      United States of America

      Phone: (802) 391-4135


    The Global Evaluation of the Impacts of Storms on freshwater Habitat and Structure of phytoplankton Assemblages (GEISHA) project is using long-term monitoring datasets and high-frequency data available through international networks to address questions about the impacts of storms on phytoplankton community in over 40 lakes across the globe. GEISHA has been developed within the context of the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network (GLEON) initiative called “Storm-blitz”. “Storm-blitz” assembles an international group of investigators interested in contributing to theoretical discussions and sharing data to answer questions about the impacts of extreme events on phytoplankton communities. Although climate change is expected to cause more intense and frequent extreme weather events, we only have a basic understanding of how these events might alter freshwater phytoplankton communities. The storm-blitz group was created in 2016 and gathers 17 researchers with diverse skillsets and experiences to focus on data compilation and analysis (


  • Jason Stockwell: Principal Investigator

  • Orlane Anneville: Principal Investigator

  • Vijay Patil: Principal Investigator

  • Michael Vanni: Content Provider

  • Tanner Williamson: Content Provider

  • Emily Nodine: Content Provider

  • Jennifer Graham: Content Provider

  • GEISHA Core: Content Provider

  • Jennie Brentrup: Content Provider

  • Gaël Dur: Content Provider

  • Sami Souissi: Content Provider

  • François Schmitt: Content Provider

  • Patrick Venail: Content Provider

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  • storms, geisha, high-frequency, lakes, precipitation, weather,


  • Centre for the Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity : funder
  • John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis : funder

Geographic Coverage

  • Coordinates

    Data Table

    • Title: Geneva Raw Weather Data
    • Start Date: 1993-01-01
    • End Date: 2017-07-08
    • Description: Raw weather data for Lake Geneva from UMR CARRTEL weather station in Thonon-les-bains (FR) that were collected at 1-hour interval for 1993-2017. Variables include height at which wind was measured, air pressure, air temperature, rain, relative humidity, solar radiation, maximum wind speed, average wind speed, and wind direction.

    • Purpose: Please see GEISHA Project home page on FEMC website at or see the GEISHA website hosted by INRAE at

    • Condensed Title: Z1561_3460_2SN203

    • Object Name: VMC.1561.3460

    • Data Type: mySQL
    • Citation: Please contact Orlane Anneville at for access to data set.

    • Online Distribution:

    Attribute List

      Attribute Name: lake
      • Label: lake
      • Description: Lake name
      • Storage Type: text
      • Measurment Type: nominal
      Attribute Name: met_stationid
      • Label: met_stationid
      • Description: Unique ID for location of weather data; could be more than one per lake; may be a different location than lake sampling station
      • Storage Type: text
      • Measurment Type: nominal
      Attribute Name: wind_height_m
      • Label: wind_height_m
      • Description: height above water, in meters, at which the wind speed and direction are measured
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: meter
      • Number Type: real
      Attribute Name: date_time_yyyy_mm_dd_hh_mm_ss
      • Label: date_time_yyyy_mm_dd_hh_mm_ss
      • Description: date and time; format is structured to fit FEMC structure when date and time are used
      • Storage Type: datetime
      • Measurment Type: datetime
      • String Format: YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss
      Attribute Name: air_press_mb
      • Label: air_press_mb
      • Description: air pressure in millibars
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: millibar
      • Number Type: real
        • Bounds:
        • Minimum: 800
        • Maximum: 1200
      Attribute Name: air_temp_c
      • Label: air_temp_c
      • Description: Air temperature in degrees Celsius
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: degree Celsius
      • Number Type: real
      Attribute Name: rain_mm
      • Label: rain_mm
      • Description: rain in mm
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: millimeter
      • Number Type: real
      Attribute Name: rel_hum_perc
      • Label: rel_hum_perc
      • Description: relative humidity in percent
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: percent
      • Number Type: real
        • Bounds:
        • Minimum: 0
        • Maximum: 100
      Attribute Name: radiation_j_sec_m2
      • Label: radiation_j_sec_m2
      • Description: Solar radiation in joules per second per square meter
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: joules per second per square meter
      • Number Type: real
      Attribute Name: max_wind_m_s
      • Label: max_wind_m_s
      • Description: Maximum wind speed in meters per second
      • Storage Type: decimal
      • Measurment Type: ratio
      • Unit: meters per second
      • Number Type: real


    • No methods recorded for this dataset

    Sampling Equipment

    • No sampling equipment recorded for this dataset

    Site Characteristics

    • Site Description: Lake Geneva

    • Minimum Altitude: 372 meters