Forest Ecosystem Monitoring Cooperative

Forest Research at Harvard Forest: Plantation Biodiversity Plots at Harvard Forest since 2007

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Metadata Provider

  • Forest Ecosystem Monitoring Cooperative

    • Address:
      705 Spear Street
      South Burlington, Vermont 05403
      United States of America

      Phone: (802) 656-2975
      Email: femc@uvm.edu
      Website: www.uvm.edu/femc

Abstract

    Since 1907, the Harvard Forest has served as a center for research and education in forest biology and conservation. The Forest's Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) program, established in 1988 and funded by the National Science Foundation, provides a framework for much of this activity.

People

  • Emery Boose: Principal Investigator

Keywords

  • forest composition, forest regeneration, Harvard Forest, inventory, regeneration, silviculture,

Organizations

  • Harvard University Harvard Forest: lead
  • Duke Forest : partner

Geographic Coverage

  • Coordinates
    • Coordinate System

    Data Table

    • Title: Plantation Biodiversity Plots at Harvard Forest since 2007
    • Start Date: 2007-01-01
    • Description: Plantations have been part of forestry at Harvard Forest since its beginning. Plantations were established from 1911-1944, usually on open or cut-over land. The maximum amount of land in plantations totaled about 270 acres (10% of Harvard Forest’s land base). The tending of the plantations was conducted and carefully documented; however, this work ceased about 1950. Since then, some plantations were out-competed by native tree species, with only scattered planted trees remaining, a few acres of plantations were harvested in the 1950, and about 40 acres of plantations were harvested in the 1990s. As of 2007, approximately 135 acres of plantations remained and ranged in age from 60 to 90 years old. Some stands have substantial areas blown down. In 2008, Harvard Forest developed a management plan to harvest 80 acres of mature plantation forests to terminate these long term experiments, regenerate a diversity of native tree species, restore native forests to these sites, and to initiate a new suite of long term experiments. For the next 10-15 years, the harvested areas will provide early successional habitat for a variety of wildlife species. A suite of permanent vegetation plots was established throughout the plantations to assess vegetation structure in plantations and predict future dynamics in harvested and early seral habitats.

    • Purpose: A suite of permanent vegetation plots was established throughout historical red pine and spruce dominated plantations to assess vegetation structure as plantations transition to native forest stands and predict future dynamics in harvested and early seral habitats. An initial objective of the baseline survey was to characterize current tree regeneration and understory flora that will, in large part determine the future composition of these forests as the overstory is harvested or senesces.

    • Condensed Title:

    • Object Name: VMC.1387.2864

    • Data Type: mySQL
    • Citation: Barker Plotkin A. 2019. Plantation Biodiversity Plots at Harvard Forest since 2007. Harvard Forest Data Archive: HF162. Available at: http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu:8080/exist/apps/datasets/showData.html?id=hf162

    • Online Distribution: https://www.uvm.edu/femc/data/archive/project/Harvard_Forest_Research/dataset/plantation-biodiversity-plots-harvard-forest-since-1

    Attribute List

      Attribute Name: species
      • Label: Species field in the HF Phenology datasets
      • Description: Species field in the Harvard Forest Phenology and Vegetation Growth in Prospect Hill Soil Warming Experiment datasets (HF033)
      • Storage Type: text
      • Measurment Type: nominal
      • Species List: Harvard Forest phenology vegetation growth prospect hill soil
        • Code: aaga
          • Definition: ITIS #25110, Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
        • Code: bbhch
          • Definition: ITIS #23617, ( Vaccinium vacillans)
        • Code: bbhg
          • Definition: ITIS #23573, highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
        • Code: beech
          • Definition: ITIS #19462, American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
        • Code: blach
          • Definition: ITIS #24764, black cherry (Prunus serotina)
        • Code: chest
          • Definition: ITIS #19454, American chestnut (Castanea dentata)
        • Code: crata
          • Definition: ITIS #28728, red maple (Acer rubrum)
        • Code: rm
          • Definition: ITIS #28728, red maple (Acer rubrum)
        • Code: ro
          • Definition: ITIS #19408, northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
        • Code: sa
          • Definition: ITIS #25319, American mountain-ash (Sorbus americana)
        • Code: sm
          • Definition: ITIS #28754, striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
        • Code: vest
          • Definition: ITIS #35266, nannyberry; nanny-berry (Viburnum lentago)
        • Code: viac1
          • Definition: ITIS #35255, mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
        • Code: wo
          • Definition: ITIS #19290, white oak (Quercus alba)

    Methods

    • No methods recorded for this dataset

    Sampling Equipment

    • No sampling equipment recorded for this dataset

    Site Characteristics

    • No site characteristics recorded for this dataset