Welcome to the University of Vermont Extension Pollinator Program
The purpose of this effort is to support the adoption of farm practices that promote the well-being of pollinators, through education and applied research, in collaboration with other agencies, organizations. and people doing similar work.
Pollinators are essential to the production of many food crops. More than 100 U.S. grown crops rely on pollinators, which add an estimated $18 billion in crop production revenue. Pollinators also support healthy ecosystems needed for clean air, stable soils, and a diverse wildlife.
Both wild and domesticated pollinators are at risk. Honeybees are of concern nationwide, as the number of hives has decreased from 6 million in the 1940’s to about 2.5 million today. Wild pollinators such as some species of bumblebees are also in serious decline. The reasons for these declines include exposure to parasites and pesticides, loss of floral abundance and diversity due to changes in land use, and habitat destruction which limits nesting sites for wild pollinators.
The good news is that there are many well-described practices that farmers and other landowners can take to support pollinator health. This web site includes a collection of links to information that is relevant to pollinator health in agricultural settings in Vermont and the region.
The education and applied research provided by this program are primarily funded through grants and gifts, and we welcome your support.
Farming Practices to Support Pollinators
- Conserving Native Bees on Farmland - Michigan State University Extension
- Cover Cropping for Pollinators and Beneficial Insects - SARE
- Promote Pollinators in Agricultural Landscapes - Minnesota Dept. Agriculture
- Technical Guide for Preserving and Creating Habitat for Pollinators on Ontariio's Farms
- Vegetable Pollinator Stewardship Guide - Michigan State Univ.
- Michigan Apple Pollination fact sheet - project ICP
- Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards and How to Conserve Them - Cornell Univ.
- Pollinators in Vermont Blueberries - Univ. of Vermont
- Vermont Blueberry Pollination fact sheet - project ICP
- Homestead Pollinator Habitat Enhancement Planning - Jane Sorensen
- Pollination in Vegetable Gardens and Backyard Fruit - Michigan State Univ. Extension
- Pollinator Plants for Northern New England Gardens - Univ. of New Hampshire Extension
- Vermont Pollinator Plants - annual and perennial flowers and trees with descriptions - Jane Sorenson
Pasture and Hay
- Developng a Bee-Friendly Pasture System - Univ. of Vermont
- Lessons Learned: Planning Pastures for Pollinator Habitat - Oregon Tilth
Pumpkins and Squash
Identifying Wild Pollinators
- Bees of Vermont - Center for Ecosystem Studies
- Guide to Wild Bees of New York - Paula Sharp & Ross Eastman
- Guide to Minnesota Bumble Bees: Females - University of Minnesota Extension
- Native Bees, Solitary Bees, and Wild Bees:What are they? - University of Minnesota Bee Lab
- Ohio Bee Identification Guide - Ohio State University Extension
- Wild Bees of New England A guide to common pollinators & flowers - University of New Hampshire
- Wisconsin Bee Identification Guide - University of Wisconsin Extension
Managing Pesticide Use to Protect Pollinators
Organizations Working to Protect Pollinators
- Bees and their Habitats in Four New England States
- Decision-Making Guide for Bee Supplementation of Pumpkin Fields
- Enhancing Nectar Production with...Alsike and White Clover in Vermont Hay Fields
- Modeling the Status, Trends, and Impacts of Wild Bee Abundance in the United States
- Mulch Effects on Floral Resources and Fruit Production of Squash, and on Pollination and Nesting by Squash Bees
- Pollinators in Vermont Blueberries
- Potential Influence of Bumble Bee Visitation on Foraging Behaviors and Assemblages of Honey Bees on Squash Flowers in Highland Agricultural Ecosystems
- Soil Properties and Biochemical Composition of Ground-dwelling Bee Nests in Agricultural Settings
- To Mow or to Mow Less: Lawn mowing frequency affects bee abundance and diversity in suburban yards
- Using a Hazard Quotient to Evaluate Pesticide Residues Detected in Pollen Trapped from Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) in Connecticut
- Wild Bees as Winners and Losers: Relative Impacts of Landscape Composition, Quality, and Climate [Northeast region]
- Wild Bee Visitation Rates Exceed Pollination Thresholds in Commercial Curcubita Agroecosystems
Events and Projects
Supporting Pollinators on Diversified Farms. MOFGA Farmer to Farmer Conference presentation 11/3/21
Laura Johnson, University of Vermont Extension