Professor: Medicine, Electrical and BioMedical Engineering

He is a practicing clinician treating abnormal heart rhythms by placing wires inside the heart. His research focuses on the chaotic abnormal heart rhythm, atrial fibrillation. He studies fibrillation in a computational model, as well as in swine and humans. Dr. Spector and his team have designed a new type of electrode array and mapping system that allows doctors to determine how to treat patients on a case by case basis. He is the founder and President of VisibleEP (computer modeling software for electrophysiologic research and education) and CoreMap (a clinical cardiac mapping company).


Carrick, R. T., Benson, B., Habel, N., Bates, O. R., Bates, J. H., & Spector,
P. S. (2013). Ablation of multiwavelet re-entry guided by circuit-density and
distribution: maximizing the probability of circuit annihilation.
Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 6(6), 1229-1235.

Thompson, N. C., Stinnett-Donnelly, J., Habel, N., Benson, B., Bates, J. H.,
Sobel, B. E., & Spector, P. S. (2014). Improved spatial resolution and
electrogram wave direction independence with the use of an orthogonal
electrode configuration. Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing J Clin
Monit Comput, 28(2), 157-163. doi:10.1007/s10877-013-9508-8

Benson, B. E., Carrick, R., Habel, N., Bates, O., Bates, J. H., Bielau, P., &
Spector, P. S. (2014). Mapping multi-wavelet reentry without isochrones: an
electrogram-guided approach to define substrate distribution. Europace,
16(Suppl 4), Iv102-Iv109. doi:10.1093/europace/euu254

Carrick, R. T., Bates, O. R., Benson, B. E., Habel, N., Bates, J. H., &
Spector, P. S. (2015). Prospectively quantifying the propensity for atrial
fibrillation: a mechanistic formulation. PLOS ONE PLoS ONE, 10(3).

Carrick, R. T., Benson, B. E., Bates, J. H., & Spector, P. S. (2016).
Prospective, tissue-specific optimization of ablation for multiwavelet
reentry. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 9, E003555. doi:

Areas of Expertise and/or Research

Cardiac Electrophysiology, Electrodes, Electrical recordings, Computational modeling


  • BA Hampshire College
  • MD Albert Einstein College of Medicine
  • Internship/Residency UVM
  • Fellowship Cardiology Univ Utah


  • 802-647-7892
Office Location:

UVMMC McClure 1 1016