University of Vermont Historic Preservation Program

HP 205 Historic Preservation Law

Robert McCullough

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HISTORIC PRESERVATION LAW
COURSE MATERIALS: TABLE OF CONTENTS
Documents 9, 19, and 56 Deleted
Documents 2, 32, 51, 53, 57,80,89,and 97 are on reserve at the Bailey Howe Library and at Wheeler House



INTRODUCTION: PERSPECTIVES ON HISTORIC PRESERVATION DOCUMENT NO.

Robert E. Stipe, "Historic Preservation: The Process and the Actors," in The American Mosaic. Preserving
A Nation's Heritage, Robert E. Stipe and Antoinette Lee, eds. Washington, D.C.: US/ICOMOS, 1987 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Susan J. Buck, "The American Legal System" (Chapter 1), "Legal Concepts in Environmental Law" (Chapter 4),
and "The Administrative Procedures Act " (Excerpt, Chapter 5), in Understanding Environmental Administration
and Law. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1996 (Reserve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

United States Constitution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

Sierra Club v. Morton, 405 U.S. 727 (1972) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3a

Association of Data Processing v. Camp, 397 U.S. 150 (1970) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3b

 

PART 1: FEDERAL LAW

American Antiquities Act of 1906 (Chapter 3060, 59th Congress, 1st Session, 1906. 34 United States Statutes at Large, 225). . . . . . . . . . 4

Historic Sites Act of 1935 (Chapter 593, 74th Congress, 1st Session, 1935. 49 U.S. Statutes at Large, 666) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470), and its amendments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Executive Order No. 11593. (U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News, 92nd Congress, 1st Session, 1971, Vol. 2: 2545) . . . . 7

Don't Tear It Down, Inc. v. General Services Administration, 401 F. Supp. 1194 (1975) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

36 CFR Part 800: "Protection of Historic Properties", pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Paulina Lake Historic Cabin Owners Association v. U.S.D.A Forest Service, 577 F. Supp 1188 (1983) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Edwards v. First Bank of Dundee, 534 F. 2d 1242 (1976). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Case Note: Thompson v. Fugate, 347 F. Supp. 120 (1972). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Case Note: Historic Preservation Guild of Bay View v.Burnley, 896 F. 2d 985 (1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Case Note: Sugarloaf Citizens Association v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 959 F. 2d 508 (1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Case Note: People for Responsible Omaha Urban Development (PROUD) v. Interstate Commerce Commission,
889 F. 2d 1092 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Case Note: Village of Los Ranchos v. Barnhart, 906 F. 2d 1477 (1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Case Note: Fill the Pool Committee v. Village of Johnson City, No. 82-CV-762 (HGM) (N.D.N.Y.) (1982). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, "Working With Section 106. Preparing Agreement Documents" (1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Sample Formal Comment Letter - Adverse Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Sample Three-Party Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

National Trust for Historic Preservation v. Corps of Engineers , 570 F. Supp. 465 (1983) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Watch v. Harris, 603 F. 2d 310 (1979) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

36 CFR Part 801: Historic Preservation Requirements of the Urban Development Action Grant Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Excerpts, Public Buildings Cooperative Use Act of 1976, Public Law 94-541 (Oct. 18, 1976), 40 U.S.C. 601a. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Executive Order No. 12072. (U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News, 95th Congress, 2nd Session, 1978,
Vol. 7: 9733) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Executive Order No. 13006. (U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News, 104th Congress, 2nd Session, 1996,
No. 5, July, 1996: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, "Working with Section 106. The Section 110 Guidelines: Annotated
Guidelines for Federal Agency Responsibilities Under Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act" (1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

National Trust for Historic Preservation vs. Blanck,
438 F. Supp. 908 (D.D.C. 1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29a

Excerpts, National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Public Law 91-190 (January 1, 1970), and amendments
thereto, 42 U.S.C. 4321. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

36 CFR Part 805: Procedures for Implementation of National Environmental Policy Act. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

David B. Firestone and Frank C. Reed, "National Environmental Policy Act (Chapter 2)," in Environmental
Law for Non-Lawyers. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Ann Arbor Science Publishers, 1983 (Reserve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Section 4(f), Department of Transportation Act of 1966 (23 U.S.C. Section 138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Citizens of Overton Park v. Volpe, 401 U.S. 402 (1971) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

23 CFR Part 771: Environmental Impact and Related Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, "Programmatic Section 4(f) Evaluation and Approval
for FHWA Projects that Necessitate the Use of Historic Bridges," Federal Register, (8-22-83): 38139-40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, "Final Nationwide Section 4(f) Evaluation and Approval
for Federally-Aided Highway Projects With Minor Involvement With Historic Sites," Federal Register, (8-19-87): 31118-19 . . . . . . . ..37

U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, "Guidance for Preparing and Processing Environmental
and Section 4(f) Documents," (Oct. 30, 1987) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, "Section 4(f) Policy Paper (Sept. 24, 1987). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Benton Franklin River-Front Trailway and Bridge Committee v. Lewis, 701 F. 2d 784 (1983) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Excerpts, Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), Public Law 102-240 (Dec. 18, 1991) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , 41

Federal Highway Administration and National Trust for Historic Preservation, "Introduction: Turning Points," in Building on the
Past - Traveling to the Future. A Preservationist's Guide to the ISTEA Transportation Enhancement Provision, I. Mei Chan, ed. . . . . . . .42

National Park Service, "Laws Governing the Federal Archeology Program," in Federal Historic Preservation Laws,
Emogene A. Bevitt and Sara K. Blumenthal, eds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

Archeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974, Public Law 86-532 (June 27, 1960),
and amendmentsthereto, 16 U.S.C. 469. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979, Public Law 96-95 (October 31, 1979), and amendments thereto,16 U.S.C. 470 . . . . . .45

Abandoned Shipwreck Act of 1987, Public Law 100-298 (April 28, 1988), 43 U.S.C. 2101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, Public Law 101-601 (November 16, 1990), 25 U.S.C. 3001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, The Americans With Disabilities
Act. Title III Technical Assistance Manual Covering Public Accommodations and Commercial Facilities. Nov. 1993.
Section III-6.4000 Alterations: Historic Preservation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Excerpts, 28 CFR Part 36: Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in
Commercial Facililties. Revised July 1, 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Thomas Jester and Sharon Park, "Making Historic Properties Accessible." Preservation Brief No. 32. Washington, D.C.:
National Park Service, Cultural Resources, Preservation Assistance Division. Sept. 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

 

PART 2: STATE LAW

Michael Mantel, "State Preservation Law (Chapter 3)," in A Handbook on Historic Preservation Law, Christopher J.
Duerksen, ed. Washington, D.C.: Conservation Foundation and National Center for Preservation Law, 1983 (Reserve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Title 22 Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 14, "TheVermont Historic Preservation Act" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Cindy C. Argentine, "Organization (Chapter 2)," "Jurisdiction (Chapter 3)," and "Criterion 8 - Aesthetics, Historic Sites
and Rare or Irreplaceable Natural Areas (Chapter 24)," in Vermont Act 250 Handbook. A Guide to State and Regional
Landuse Regulation. Brattleboro, Vt.: Putney Press, 1993 (Reserve). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Committee to Save the Bishop's House, Inc. v. Medical Center Hospital of Vermont, Inc., 137 Vt. 142, 400 A. 2d 1015 (1979) . . . . . . . 54

Vermont Environmental Board, Amended Land Use Permit 9A0177-EB, In Re Middlebury College, (Jan. 26, 1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

 

PART 3: LOCAL LAW

Christopher J. Duerksen, "Local Preservation Law (Chapter 3)" in A Handbook on Historic Preservation Law, Christopher J.
Duerksen, ed. Washington, D.C.: Conservation Foundation and National Center for Preservation Law, 1983 (Reserve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Section 8-3029 (Revised April 5, 1990), "Historic District," Ordinances of the City of Savannah, Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58

Title 24, Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 117, "Municipal and Regional Planning and Development,"
Section 4407. "Permitted Types of Regulations.". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59

Article 5, Montpelier Zoning and Subdivision Regulations, Section 506. "Design Review". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Montpelier Design Review Committee, "Comments and Recommendations". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61

New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, Local Laws of the City of New York. Sections 3020 and 3021,
New York City Charter. Administrative Code, Title 25, Chapter 3: Landmarks Preservation and Historic Districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62

New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, Rules. Administrative Code, Title 63, Chapters 1-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Rowhouse Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

 

PART 4: CONFLICT: TAKINGS, DUE PROCESS, RELIGIOUS PROPERTIES,
AUTHORITY, AND SPECIAL PROBLEMS

Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Company, 272 U.S. 365 (1926) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Duerksen, Christopher J. and Richard J. Roddewig, Takings Law in Plain English. Washington, D.C.: American
Resources Information Network and Clarion Associates, Inc. (1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

White, Bradford J. and Paul W. Edmondson, Procedural Due Process in Plain English. Washington, D.C.: National
Trust for Historic Preservation and the National Park Service (1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Historic Green Springs, Inc. v. Bergland, 497 F. Supp. 839 (1980). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

City of New Orleans v. Pergament, 5 So. 2d 129 (1941). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .69

Maher v. City of New Orleans, 516 F. 2d 1051 (1975). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70

Berman v. Parker, 348 U.S. 26, 75 S.Ct. 98 (1954) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70a

Opinion of the Justices to the Senate. 128 N.E. 2d 557 (1955). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71

City of Santa Fe v. Gamble-Skogmo, Inc., 73 N.M. 410, 389 P. 2d 13 (1964). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72

Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York City, 438 U.S. 104 (1978). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Figarsky v. Historic District Commission of City of Norwich, 171 Conn. 198, 368 A. 2d 163 (1976). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

A-S-P Associates v. City of Raleigh 298 N.C. 207, 258 S.E. 2d 444 (1979) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75

City of Annapolis v. Anne Arundel County, 271 Md. 265, 316 A. 2d 807 (1974) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76

Ebert v. New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, 119 A.D. 2d 62,
505 N.Y. Supp. 2d 470 (1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77

Vestry of St. Bartholomew's Church v. City of New York, 914 F. 2d 348 (1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507 (1997) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

 

PART 5: PERIPHERY: REAL PROPERTY LAW, ECONOMIC AND TAX INCENTIVES,
HISTORIC PRESERVATION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Touche Ross, Inc. Preserving America's Heritage: The Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credit. Columbus, Ohio:
Ohio Historic Preservation Office and Touche Ross, Inc.(1987) (Reserve)... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

Internal Revenue Service. "Rehabilitation Tax Credit Law Provisions. Internal Revenue Code and Treasury Regulation
Sections Presented in a Topical Format". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81

Commercial Clearing House, Inc. Standard Federal Tax Reports. Code Section 168(h). Tax Exempt Use Property.
(933 CCH 25,897) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82

Department of Treasury, Internal Revenue Service: "26 CFR Part 1: Income Taxes; Limitations on Passive Activity
Losses and Credits. Temporary Regulations." In Federal Register (February 25, 1988) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

36 CFR, Part 67, Historic Preservation Certifications Pursuant to Sec. 48(g) and Sec. 170(h) of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1989, and 36 CFR Part 68, The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services. Interpreting the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for
Rehabilitation. Case Numbers 81-012, 81-020, and 87-090. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

National Park Service. "Historic Preservation Certification Application" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86

National Park Service. "Review Sheet - Historic Preservation Certification Application - Significance" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

National Park Service. "Review Sheet - Historic Preservation Certification Application - Rehabilitation" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Title 24, Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 76A. Historic Downtown Development, Sections 2790-2796. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88a

Title 32, Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 151, Subchapter 11F, Section 5930n. Tax Credit for Substantial
Rehabilitation of Historic Buildings also Claiming Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit. Subchapter 11G, Section
5930p, Rehabilitation Tax Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88b

Costonis, John, "The Chicago Plan" (Chapter 2) and "The Chicago Plan and the Law" (Chapter 8), in Space Adrift
Landmark Preservation and the Marketplace. Urbana, Ill., University of Illinois Press (1974) (Reserve). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Diehl, Janet, and Thomas S. Barrett, "Answers to Common Questions About Easements (Chapter 1)" and "Tax
Benefits(Chapter 4)," in The Conservation Easement Handbook. Managing Land Conservation and Historic
Preservation Easement Programs. San Fransisco, Ca.: The Trust for Public Land, the Land Trust Alliance, and
the National Trust for Historic Preservation (1988) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 90

Ginsberg, William R. "Term and Termination (Chapter 11)," and William T. Hutton, "Easements as Public Support:
The Zero-Value Approach (Chapter 12)," in The Conservation Easement Handbook. Managing Land Conservation
and Historic Preservation Easement Programs. San Fransisco, Ca.: The Trust for Public Land, the Land Trust Alliance,
and the National Trust for Historic Preservation (1988) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91

Roddewig, Richard, and Cheryl A. Inghram, "Model Historic Preservation Easement and Commentary (Chapter 14)," in
The Conservation Easement Handbook. Managing Land Conservation and Historic Preservation Easement Programs. San
Fransisco, Ca.: The Trust for Public Land, the Land Trust Alliance, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation (1988) . . . . . . . . . .92

Virginia Historic Landmarks Board, "Sample Deed of Easement". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Title 10, Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 34, Sections 821-823. "Conservation and Preservation Rights and Interests" . . . . . . . . . . 94

Section 170(h), Internal Revenue Code of 1986: Qualified Conservation Contributions, 26 U.S.C. 170(h). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

26 CFR Part 1.170A-14: Qualified Conservation Contributions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96

Anthony Dale. "France (Chapter 1)," and "Great Britain (Chapter 2)," in Historic Preservation in Foreign Countries,
Robert E. Stipe, ed. Washington, D.C.: U.S./ICOMOS, 1982 (Reserve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

International Council of Monuments and Sites. "International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of
Monuments and Sites" (The Venice Charter of 1964). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98

United States Committee/International Council of Monuments and Sites (US/ICOMOS). "World Heritage
Definitions and Criteria" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99