University of Vermont

Office of Health Promotion Research

OHPR Abstract 97

Abstract 1990-1999

Wendt SJ, Solomon LJ. Barriers to condom use among male and female college students. J Am Coll Health. 1995 Nov;44(3):105-110.

Assessed gender differences in barriers to condom use among 198 female and 89 male heterosexual undergraduate college students. Participants were divided into 3 groups, including consistent users, inconsistent users, and nonusers, based on their reported condom use. Factor analyses on each gender revealed similar barrier factor structures, but the barriers explained more of the variance in condom use among women than among men. Of the 9 or 10 predictors assessed, the low perceived need barrier was the most powerful predictor of condom use for both genders. Male and female participants who were nonusers, in a current monogamous relationship, and using oral contraceptives were more likely to report a low perceived need to use condoms.

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