Office of Health Promotion Research
Danigelis NL, Worden JK, Flynn BS, Skelly JM, Vacek PM. Increasing mammography screening among low-income African American women with limited access to health information. Prev Med. 2005 Jun;40(6):880-7.
BACKGROUND: Previous research showed low-income African American women with limited access to breast screening information through mass media to have a low likelihood of obtaining screening. This report describes a controlled evaluation of a component of a community-based breast screening promotion program focused on increasing screening among low-income African American women. METHODS: A direct-contact screening promotion component tailored to the needs of low-income African American women was conducted between 1990 and 1997 in one of two matched Florida study areas. Before and after assessments of breast screening, behavior and psychosocial mediators of screening were examined using logistic regression analyses for 1201 women with differing levels of exposure to media information about breast screening. RESULTS: Recent/repeat mammography use increased significantly in the program area for women with limited access to media information, although there was no significant program impact on hypothesized psychosocial mediators of screening. CONCLUSIONS: The program led to increased mammography use among low-income African Americans having limited access to screening information through the media. For these women, using direct contact to deliver educational messages and facilitation of access to services may be the best method available to promote regular mammography.
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