Data Sources on Eugenic Sterilizations
Harry H. 1922. Eugenical
Sterilization in the United States.
Municipal Court of
Chicago, p. 96.
Gosney, Ezra S., and Paul B. Popenoe. 1929.
Sterilization for Human Betterment. New York: Macmillian, p. 184.
Betterment Foundation. 1934. "Operations for Eugenic Sterilization."
Pasadena. Available at
Human Betterment Foundation. 1938. "Human Sterilization Today."
Pasadena, p. 8. Available at
Human Betterment Foundation. 1940. "Table of Sterilizations Done in
State Institutions Under State Laws up to and including the Year 1940."
Birthright. 1944. "Sterilizations Officially Reported from States
Having a Sterilization Law up to January 1, 1944."
Birthright. 1950. "Sterilizations Officially Reported from
States Having a Sterilization Law up to January 1, 1950." Princeton.
Betterment Association of America. 1955. "Sterilizations Reported in
the United States to January 1, 1955." New York.
Association of America. 1960. "Sterilizations Reported in the United
States to January 1, 1960." New York.
Betterment Association for Voluntary Sterilization. 1964.
"Sterilizations Reported Under U.S. States Sterilization Statutes
Through December 31, 1963." New York.
Paul, Julius. 1973. "State Eugenic Sterilization History: A Brief Overview." Pp. 25-40 in Eugenic Sterilization, ed. Jonas Robitscher. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas.
Largent, Mark A. 2008. Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
thanks to: David Klaassen, Social Welfare History Archives, University of Minnesota, for
making some of these materials available; Nancy Gallagher (M.A. in history from the University of Vermont and author of Breeding Better Vermonters), for her
support and access to Julius Paul's manuscript; Hope Greenberg, Academic Computing at the University of Vermont, for
technical assistance and access to the (reconstructed) Vermont Eugenics
website; Patricia Mardeusz, library associate professor, Bailey Howe Library, for assistance with library materials; and the librarians of Bailey Howe Library, for the acquisition of Interlibrary Loan materials in particular; and Professors Robert Swartout, Carroll College, and Gary Entz, McPherson College, for providing manuscripts of their former students. Professor Gregory Dorr provided corrections to a previous version of one of the states' accounts. <last updated: 20 March 09>