|The entrance provides a history
of the institution, with pictures and text.
|In the small room ahead a
projector projects images of victims,
with the superimposed text "Killed. Neglected. Compulsorily sterilized
- the thousandfold fate of patients." Small text displays on the wall
address the neglect of the victims and the lack of persecution of the
perpetrators, the abuse of patients for experiments and 'research,' the
activities of Dr. Heinze as an 'evaluator,' the types of murders of
patients, different types of NS-"euthanasia" crimes,and compulsory
|The hallway on the left leads to
the invididual exhibit rooms. It contains a wall display with names of
1 (with a desk on which various documents related to
"euthanasia" crimes can be seen)
||In the center to the right is a
display "Emil E."-alluding to a man suffering from epilepsy and
burden to society. He was a T4 gassing victim.
the center in the middle is a display "Struggle for existence." It
depicts the emergence of social Darwinism as a school of thought.
||In the center to the left is a
display "Thinking ahead." It addresses
the development of social Darwinist thought in Germany in the aftermath
the left the rightmost display relates to a patient "Frieda G." with
epilepsy who first was sterilized and the gassed in the T4 action.
the left the second display to the right, entitled "Compulsory
sterilization," addresses the compulsory sterilization law in Nazi
Germany and its procedures.
the left the second display on the very left, entitled "The state
facilities," shows how the state facilities were used to implement
||On the left the leftmost
display, entitled "Everyday life at Görden," addresses how
compulsory sterilization procedures were handled at Görden.
|On the right the display on the
left shows a child ("Hans G.") who was mentally disabled but began to
develop rather well. He was murdered in 1940.
||On the right the display in the
center, entitled "Setting the course," addresses how the institution
changed from being a facility treating adults to one that became a
major facility to house children and youths and murdered them as well,
under the directorship of Dr. Hans Heinze.
||On the right the rightmost
display, entitled "The physician Dr. Hans Heinze," portrays Dr. Heinze,
his philosophy on the lack of value
among 'asocial personalities and those of less worth,' and his
|The desk with documents.
||A table displays a medical
report of a sterilization and a scalpel.
2 (with a cardboard display of Inge and her toy baby buggy) - a
patient who suffered from epilepsy and was gassed at Brandenburg in
1940 at age 7 as part of the T4 program
||On the right the display to the left, entitled "The murder of patients who were minors," provides an overview of the "children's euthanasia" program and how it was implemented at Görden.||On the right the display in the
middle, entitled "'Special children's ward' Görden," details the
purpose and operation of the special children's ward, including the
number of dead children and the "training" function of the facility for
"children's euthanasia" doctors.
||On the right the display to the
right, entitled "A perilous place," notes the killing of child and
youth patients in the T4 program and 'decentralized euthanasia'
3 (with a bed and sewing machine)
||On the right the display to the
left relates the histories of "Eva W." and "Anna R.," who as patients
became victims to the T4 program.
||The next display, "Program T4,"
informs about this program.
||On the next display,
entitled "More than 9,000 victims," information is provided about
the gas murder facility Brandenburg/Havel
||Next, the display entitled "From
Görden to one's death" relates to the fate of the facility's patients
in the gas murder sites Brandenburg and Bernburg and the facility's
role as an intermediary facility for patients from other institutions.
||On the right the display
entitled "Open questions" addresses what was known about the
"euthanasia" crimes in the clinic.
||On the right the display
entitled "Jewish patients," notes a change in policy in the summer of
1940, when such patients were 'concentrated' in Berlin Buch and later
sent to Auschwitz.
||On the right the last display,
entitled "After program T4," addresses the 'decentalized euthanasia'
murders after the program T4 had ended.
|On the left the rightmost display, entitled "The children K.," relates to two brothers and their cousin who were likely murdered because they suffered from a rare condition that was of interest to researchers. Their brains were used for research publications and ended up in Vienna, from which the specimens were returned and buried in the Görden cemetery in 2003 (see above).||On the left the center display,
entitled "Research at all cost," notes associations between Görden's
pathology (Prosektur) and the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute for Brain
Research at Berlin-Buch, and in both places brains of murdered patients
became objects of research.
||On the left the leftmost
display, entitled "Area of research: patient," alludes to the research
station that sought to find biological and heritable markers of
disability, to facilitate the future murder of patients for whom such
markers could be identified. It also addresses human experimentation
with child patients.
|Artefacts shown in room 3.
||This display notes that what
used to be innovative in psychiatry - the use of work as therapy -
changed to becoming a core marker of survival for patients: their
ability to work.
4 - The display on the right: "Irmgard R." was murdered in
Brandenburg in the T4 program.
||The next display, entitled
"Resistance," addresses public and private resistance against
||The display entitled "Moral
courage" in the town Brandenburg presents the cases of magistrate
Lothar Kreyssig, who protested against the murder of patients, and
reverend Richard Funke, who collected information that was used in
clerical writings against "euthanasia."
||"Charlotte V." - sterilized and
victim of T4.
||This display entitled "Careers
after 1945" addresses the postwar careers of Dr. Heinze and Dr
||The display entitled Willi B."
portrays an obituary for Willi by his brother. It is the second, dated
2002 - ony now did the brother find out that Willi, who was blind and
mentally disabled, had been murdered in Brandenburg in the T4 program.
||The display, entitled "Repressing [the past] and coming to terms [with it]", addresses the history of commemoration at Brandenburg/Havel, where the T4 gas murders took place, and at the facility in Görden.|
each room there is a small display relating the materials to
current issues. Here: "Humans made to order?"
||"Merely a historical topic?" on
right-to-die and other related themes.
||"History and present" -
'euthanasia' cases and commemoration in the press.
||Rehabilitation for Dr. Heinze?
4 has a display case with literatutre on the topic.
Beddies, Thomas. 2004. "Kinder-'Euthanasie' in Berlin-Brandenburg." Pp. 219-48 in Dokumente zur Psychiatrie im Nationalsozialismus, edited by Thomas Beddies and Kristina Hübener. Berlin-Brandenburg: be.bra wissenschaft verlag.
———. 2009. "Die Einbeziehung von Minderjährigen in die nationalsozialistischen Medizinverbrechen, dargestellt am Beispiel der Brandenburgischen Landesanstalt Görden." Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 58:518-29.
———, and Heinz-Peter Schmiedebach. 2004. "'Euthanasie'-Opfer und Versuchsobjekte: Kranke und behinderte Kinder in Berlin während des Zweiten Weltkriegs." Medizinhistorisches Journal 39(3):165-96.
———, Kristina Hübener, and Wolfgang Rose. 2004. "Die Forschungsabteilung in der Landesanstalt Brandenburg-Görden." Pp. 261-70 in Dokumente zur Psychiatrie im Nationalsozialismus, edited by Thomas Beddies and Kristina Hübener. Berlin-Brandenburg: be.bra wissenschaft verlag.Benzenhöfer, Udo. 2003. "Genese und Struktur der 'NS-Kinder- und Jugendlicheneuthanasie.'" Monatsschrift für Kinderheilkunde 151: 1012-1019.
———. 2008. Der
Fall Leipzig Leipzig
(alias Fall "Kind Knauer") und die Planung der NS-"Kindereuthanasie."
Verlag : Klemm u. Oelschläger.
Endlich, Stefanie. 2006. Wege zur Erinnerung: Gedenkstätten und –orte für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus in Berlin und Brandenburg. Berlin: Landeszentrale für politische Bildungsarbeit.
———, Nora Goldenbogen, Beatrix
Kahl, and Regina Scheer. 2002. Gedenkstätten
für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus, vol. 2. Bonn: Bundeszentrale
für politische Bildung. Available at http://www.bpb.de/files/AFQX24.pdf.
Hanrath, Sabine. 2002. Zwischen "Euthanasie" und Psychiatriereform: Anstaltspsychiatrie in Westfalen und Brandenburg: Ein deutsch-deutscher Vergleich (1945-1964). Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh.Knaape, Hans-Hinrich. 1989. "Die medizinische Forschung an geistig behinderten Kindern in Brandenburg-Görden in der Zeit des Faschismus." Pp. 224-27 in Das Schicksal der Medizin im Faschismus, edited by A. Thom and S. M. Rapoport. Berlin: VEB Verlag Volk und Gesundheit.
Landesklinik Brandenburg, ed. 1995. Die Landesanstalt Görden 1933 bis 1945: Psychiatrie im Nationalsozialismus: Begleitheft zur Ausstellung. Brandenburg: Landesklinik Brandenburg.
Leide, Henry. 2007. NS-Verbrechen und Staatssicherheit: Die
geheime Vergangenheitspolitik der DDR. 3d ed. Göttingen:
Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
———. 2005. "Der 'Reichsausschuß zur
wissenschaftlichen Erfassung erb-
und anlagebedingter schwerer Leiden': Die Ermordung minderjähriger
Kranker im Nationalsozialismus 1939-1945." Master's Thesis in History,
University of Berlin.