42 King Street

c. 1851


By Eliot H. Lothrop

42 King Street bears striking resemblance to 46 King Street, which is directly across Champlain St. Both houses are on corner lots, they both are the same height, and extend to the North with their gable ends facing King Street. This house is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places nomination form for the Battery Street Historic District. The nomination form claims the house was built before 1853, probably because of the Presdee and Edwards map in which this house appears under the name Chapman.1 This was most likely Thomas D. Chapman also who resided on Pine Street for some time as well.2 The 1869 Beers map lists this as the "Franklin House"3 although there is no record of a transaction between anyone named Franklin and anyone named Chapman.
The cornice line on this house continues around the front of the building to create an enclosed pediment on the gable end. Within the pediment is an elliptical fanlight. The brick house also has heavy stone lintels and an elevated entranceway located on the western side of the building, the mirroring 46 King Street. Although the two houses differ slightly, the resemblance certainly suggests a similar influence and possibly the same builder. Like 46 King Street this house is also made up of a brick bond that includes seven courses of stringers followed by a course of headers.

On the western façade of the building there is a wrap around porch that ends with a brick wall extending from the house. This brick wall is only about four feet long and then it abruptly turns to wood. At the end of the wooden wall there is a modern wing extending to the West. This transition between the wood and brick wall is further emphasized by the depth that the wood is sunken back in comparison to the brick. On the 1853 Presdee and Edwards map4 the house continues to the North, where this wooden wall is. It then continues around to the West, similar to the modern wing, in what appears to be an array of sheds. This difference in wall materials shows where the original house ends and its resemblance to the Presdee and Edwards map footprint is evidence it is the same house that was present in 1853.

1 1853 Presdee and Edwards Map. Burlington, Vermont. Bailey-Howe Special Collections, UVM.
2 Vol. 2 P. 51 Burlington Land Records. Burlington City Hall, VT.
3 1869 Beers Atlas Map of Burlington, VT. Bailey-Howe Library Special Collections, UVM.
4 1853 Presdee and Edwards map. Burlington, VT. Bailey-Howe Library Special Collections, UVM.