Professional Experience

2003-Current: Research Associate Professor, Department of Community Development and Applied Economics and Department of Political Science, University of Vermont

1999-2011: Senior Research Associate, Freedom House

2001-2003: Deanís Professor of Applied Politics, Binghamton University (SUNY)
Director, Center on Democratic Performance (CDP), Binghamton University (SUNY)

1999-2001: Research Assistant Professor of Political Science, Binghamton University (SUNY)
Director, Center on Democratic Performance, Binghamton University (SUNY)

1999: Senior Advisor for Democracy and Governance, Center for Development Information and Evaluation, Bureau for Policy and Program Coordination, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)

1997: Adjunct Professor of Political Science, Trinity College, Washington, D.C.

1989-1998: Senior Program Officer, National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI)

1981- 1991: Foreign Service Officer, U.S. Department of State

1989-1991: Assigned to the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.

1987-1989: Country Officer for Liberia

1986-1987: Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary for African Affairs

1983-1985: Country Officer for the Congo, Assistant Zaire Country Officer

1984: Deputy Director, U.S. Liaison Office, Windhoek, Namibia (temporary duty)

1981-1983: Vice Consul, U.S. Consulate General, Milan, Italy

1978: Research Associate, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress