University of Vermont

Don Ross

Publications Fact-sheet on Earthworms and Forests (2016)

Forested catchment biogeochemistry:

  • Bourgault, R., D.S. Ross and S.W. Bailey.  2015. Chemical and morphological distinctions between vertically and laterally developed spodic horizons at Hubbard Brook, NH.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.: doi:10.2136/sssaj2014.05.0190.

  • Bailey, S.W., P.A. Brousseau, K.J. McGuire and D.S. Ross.  2014. Influence of landscape position and transient water table on soil development and carbon distribution in a steep, headwater catchment. Geoderma 226–227:279–289.  doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.02.017.

  • Juillerat, J.I., D.S. Ross and M.S. Banks.  2012.  Mercury in litterfall and upper soil horizons in forested ecosystems in Vermont, USA.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 31(8): 1720-1729. DOI: 10.1002/etc.1896.

  • Ross, D. S., J. B. B. Shanley, J. L. Campbell, G. B. Lawrence, S. W. Bailey, G. E. Likens, B. Wemple, G. Fredriksen, and A. E. Jamison.  2012.  Spatial patterns of soil nitrification and nitrate export from forested headwaters in the northeastern USA.  J. Geophys. Res. 117, G01009, 14 pp. DOI: 10.1029/2011JG001740.

  • Ross, D.S., S.W. Bailey, G.B. Lawrence, J.B. Shanley, G. Fredriksen, A.E. Jamison and P.A. Brousseau.  2011.  Near-surface soil carbon, C/N ratio and tree species are tightly linked across northeastern USA watersheds.  For. Sci. 57(6):460-469.

  • Ross, D.S. and B.C. Wemple.  2011.  Soil nitrification in a large forested watershed, Ranch Brook (Vermont), mirrors patterns in smaller northeastern USA catchments. For. Ecol. Manage. 262:1084-1093. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.002.

  • Kaur, A.J., D.S. Ross and G. Fredriksen.  2010. Effect of soil mixing on nitrification rates in soils of two deciduous forests of Vermont, USA.  Plant & Soil 331:289–298.  DOI 10.1007/s11104-009-0253-1.

  • Ross, D.S., B.C. Wemple, A.E. Jamison, G. Fredriksen, J.B. Shanley, G.B. Lawrence, S.W. Bailey and J.L. Campbell.  2009.  A cross-site comparison of factors influencing soil nitrification rates in northeastern USA forested watersheds.  Ecosystems  12:158-178: DOI:10.1007/s10021-008-9214-4.

  • Ross, D.S., G. Matshonat and U. Skyllberg.  2008.  Cation exchange in forest soils: the need for a new perspective.  Eur. J. Soil Sci. 59(6):1141-1159. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2008.01069.x.

  • Hales, H.C. and D.S. Ross.  2008.  Drastic short-term changes in the isotopic composition of soil nitrate in forest soil samples.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 72(6):1645-1652. DOI: 10.2136/ sssaj2006.0293.

  • Ross, D.S.  2007.  A carbon-based method for estimating the wetness of forest surface soil horizons.  Can. J. For. Res. 37:846-852.

  • Wemple, B., J. Shanley, J. Denner, D. Ross and K. Mills.  2007. Hydrology and water quality in two mountain basins of the northeastern US: assessing baseline conditions and effects of ski area development. Hydrol. Process. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6700.

  • Hales, H.C., D.S. Ross and A. Lini.  2007.  Isotopic signature of nitrate in two contrasting watersheds of Brush Brook, VT.  Biogeochemistry: DOI 10.1007/s10533-007-9074-6.

  • Ross, D.S., G. Fredriksen, A.E. Jamison, B.C. Wemple, S.W. Bailey, J.B. Shanley, and G.B. Lawrence.  2006.  One-day rate measurements for estimating net nitrification potential in humid forest soils.  Forest Ecol. Manage. 230:91-95.

  • Ross, D.S., G.B. Lawrence, and G. Fredriksen. 2004. Mineralization and nitrification patterns at eight northeastern us forested research sites.  Forest Ecol. Manage. 188:317-335.

  • Ross, D.S. and H.C. Hales. 2003. Sampling-induced increases in net nitrification in the Brush Brook (Vermont) watershed. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 67, 318-326.


  • Young, E.O. and D.S. Ross. 2016. Total and labile phosphorus concentrations as influenced by riparian buffer soil properties. J. Environ. Qual. 45:294-304 doi: 10.2134/jeq2015.07.0345.
  • Ishee, E.R., D.S. Ross, K.M. Garvey, R.R. Bourgault, C.R. Ford. 2015. Phosphorus contribution from eroding streambank soils of Vermont’s Lake Champlain Basin.  J. Environ. Qual.: 44(6):1745-1753. doi:10.2134/jeq2015.02.0108.

  • Young, E.O., D.S. Ross, B.J. Cade-Menun and C.W. Liu.  2013.  Phosphorus speciation in riparian soils: a phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and enzyme hydrolysis study.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 77(5): 1636-1647. doi:10.2136/sssaj2012.0313.

  • Young, E.O., D.S. Ross, C. Alves, and T. Villars. 2012. Influence of soil series on phosphorus forms and availability at two riparian sites in the Lake Champlain Basin (Vermont). J. Soil Water Conserv. 67(1):1-7. DOI: 10.2489/jswc.67.1.1.

  • Young, E.O. and D.S. Ross.  2001.  Phosphate release from seasonally flooded soils: a laboratory microcosm study.  J. Environ. Qual. 30:91-101.

  • Ross, D.S., H.C. Hales and A. Lanzirotti.  2013.  Oxidation of added Mn(II) in soils observed by XANES spectroscopy and Cr(III) oxidation.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 77: 1996-2003. doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.04.0151

  • Negra, C., D.S. Ross, and A. Lanzirotti.  2005.  Soil manganese oxides and trace metals: competitive sorption and microfocused synchrotron X-ray fluorescence mapping.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 69:87-95.

  • Negra, C., D.S. Ross, and A. Lanzirotti.  2005.  Oxidizing behavior of soil manganese: interactions among abundance, oxidation state, and pH.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 69:353-361.

  • Ross D.S., H.C. Hales, G.C. Shea-McCarthy, and A. Lanzirotti.  2001.  Sensitivity of soil Mn oxides: drying and storage cause reduction.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 65:736-743.

  • Ross D.S., H.C. Hales, G.C. Shea-McCarthy, and A. Lanzirotti.  2001.  Sensitivity of soil Mn oxides: XANES spectroscopy may cause reduction.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 65:744-752.

Wetlands and Constructed Wetlands:

  • Gotelli, N.J., P.J. Mouser, S.P. Hudman, S.E. Morales, D.S. Ross, and A.M. Ellison.  2008. Geographic variation in nutrient availability, stoichiometry, and metal concentrations of plants and pore-water in ombrotrophic bogs in New England, USA. Wetlands 28(3):827-840. DOI: 10.1672/07-165.1.

  • Morales, S.E., P.J. Mouser, N. Ward, S.P. Hudman, N. J. Gotelli, D.S. Ross and T.A. Lewis.  2006.  Comparison of Bacterial Communities in New England Sphagnum Bogs Using Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP).  Microbiol. Ecol.52(1): 34-44.

  • Hayden, M.J. and D.S. Ross.  2005.  Denitrification as a nitrogen removal mechanism in a Vermont peatland. J. Environ. Qual. 34:2052-2061.

  • Drizo, A., Seitz, E., Twohig, E., Weber, D., Bird, S. and Ross, D.  2007. The role of vegetation in Phosphorus removal by cold climate constructed wetland: the effects of aeration and growing season. In: Vymazal, J. (ed.) Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands, Springer Publishing.

  • Weber, D., Drizo, A., Twohig, E.,  Bird, S. and Ross, D.  2007.  Upgrading constructed wetlands phosphorus reduction from a dairy effluent using eaf steel slag filters. Water Science and Technology: in press.


  • Ross, D.S., S.W. Bailey, R.D. Briggs, J. Curry, I.J. Fernandez, G. Fredriksen, C.L. Goodale, P.W. Hazlett, P.R. Heine, C.E. Johnson, J.T. Larson, G.B. Lawrence, R.K. Kolka, R. Ouimet, D. Paré, D.D. Richter, C.D. Shirmer, R.A. Warby.  2015.  Inter-laboratory variation in the chemical analysis of acidic forest soil reference samples from eastern North America.  Ecosphere 6(5):73.

  • Lawrence, G.B, I.J. Fernandez, D. deB. Richter, D.S. Ross, P.W. Hazlett, S.W. Bailey, R. Oiumet, R. Warby, A.E. Johnson, H. Lin, A.G. Lapenis, T. Sullivan, J. Kaste.  2013. Measuring environmental change by repeated soil sampling: a North American perspective.  J. Environ. Qual. 42(3):623-639. doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0378.

  • Jokela, W.E, D.S. Ross and J. P. Tilley.   2009.  Manure nutrient content on Vermont dairy farms: long-term trends and relationships.  Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 41:5, 623-637. DOI: 10.1080/00103620903531193.

  • Ross, D.S., R.J. Bartlett, and H. Zhang.  2001.  Photochemically induced formation of the "Al13" tridecameric polycation in the presence of Fe(III) and organic acids.  Chemosphere 44:827-832.

Last modified January 24 2016 11:03 AM

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