Return to Table of Contents
The Community Service Programs at the University of Maryland offered us a great deal of assistance and information, without which this manual would not have been possible. Adrienne Tinana was generous and enthusiastic in her efforts to contribute to our work.
In addition to information supplied by the University of Maryland, numerous other resources were consulted and cited in this manual. Service participants interested in additional information on reflection are encouraged to contact these people and organizations.
The Pennsylvania Campus Compact supplied us with their 1995 training manual Students Trained in Advocacy and Community Service (STACS). This publication was tremendously helpful and many portions of it have been reproduced in this manual.
David Sawyer is the director of Students for Appalachia at Berea College in Berea, Kentucky. He has written and presented on the top of reflection across the country. The exercises attributed to him in this manual have been obtained from his literature, as well as the reflection sessions he facilitated at the second annual National Gathering, held in Indianapolis, Indiana on June 20-23, 1996.
We were also fortunate to have access to "The Training Toolbox: A Guide to Service-Learning Training" produced by the Maryland Student Service Alliance in 1994. this is a useful resource for designing workshops about service-learning and includes numerous resource materials.
Jennifer Gilligan, Manager of Youth and Education Outreach at the Points of Light Foundation, generously supplied us with literature pertaining to reflection including Catalyst: a Workbook for Trainers by the Points of Light Foundation, COOL, and Youth Service America.
Numerous exercises were also adapted form a 1993 presentation at the annual conference for the American College Personnel Association. Martha Baer Wilmes, Angela Scott, and Kathleen Rice presented "Shifting Frames of Reference: A Prelude to Understanding" which included variety of useful materials to challenge students' thinking and perspectives.
Donald Schon's book The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Thinking Action (Basic Books, Inc., 1983) provides the foundation for our belief in reflection as a necessary habit for service practitioners.
The exercises attributed to Ron Chesbrough & Ellen Hill are taken from "Reflection: Ideas and Thoughts on Community Service and Reflection," which was supplied to us by the University of Maryland Community Service Programs.
Julie Hatcher and Robert Bringle, Ph.D. are the administrators fo the Office of Service Learning at Indiana University - Purdue University at Indianapolis (IUPUI). They have published numerous articles about promoting service learning to faculty and developing reflection activities for the classroom. They are an excellent source of information about integrating service learning into the college curriculum.
The Eisenhower Leadership Program at Gettysburg College created the "Gettysburg Leadership Model: A Leadership Development Course for College Students." This training manual is an interesting resource for additional materials on topics such as "followership", "ethics", and "positional leadership".
I wish to also thank Colleen Maher, Program Coordinator at the VPS Center, and the student leaders of the Freshman Orientation to Community Service (FOCI) program. During a leadership retreat with these students I had the opportunity to try out the techniques and exercise promoted in this manual. The feedback received during that retreat was useful in the final revisions of the manual and the students' reflection on service justified the effort.
The publishing of this manual to the web was the work of Aaron Hawley (text), at the time, an undergraduate student at the University of Vermont. Each page of the manual was digitally scanned and saved as (ASCII) text. The web pages were coded in a text editor, following the HTML 4.01 specification. The page design attempted to have a high degree of usability for people with disabilities, through the use of Cascading Style Sheets and accessible web design methods and techniques.
Return to Table of Contents