BWV 75 Die Elenden sollen essen
First Sunday after Trinity.
Poet unknown, possibly Christian Weiss.
1. Ps. 22:27; 7. Samuel Rodigast, verse 5 of "Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan," 1674 (Fischer-Tümpel, IV, #467); 14. Samuel Rodigast, last verse of "Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan."
30 May 1723, Leipzig.
BG 18; NBA I/15.
1. Chorus [Dictum] (S, A, T, B)
The hungering shall be nourished till they be sated, and they who desire
the Lord shall tell his praises. And your heart shall evermore flourish.
2. Recit. (B)
What use is purple's majesty
3. Aria (T)
My Jesus shall be all I own!(2)
Himself my most exalted wealth,
And this his Spirit's fire of love
My most delicious wine of joy.
4. Recit. (T)
5. Aria (S)
I take up my sadness with gladness to me.
With patience endureth
Be taken by angels above.
6. Recit. (S)
A conscience clear hath God provided
7. Chorale (S, A, T, B)
What God doth, that is rightly done;
9. Recit. (A)
Just one thing grieves
10. Aria (A)
Jesus makes my spirit rich.
11. Recit. (B)
Who bides in Christ alone
12. Aria (B)
From which mine own have risen,
Engulf me altogether,
Because he loveth me.
13. Recit. (T)
O poorness which no wealth can match!
14. Chorale (S, A, T, B)
What God doth, that is rightly done,
1. It is curious that there are several stylistic and thematic features of this cantata which are characteristic of Salomo Franck. Among them is this noun series with asyndeton. The central theme, which Dürr calls the "Gegensatz Armut--Reichtum," is also Franckian.
2. This translation of Augustine's mihi omnia Jesus was a life-motto of Salomo Franck. Cf. also BWV 132/5:
Roten Purpur, weiße Seide,
Diese sind der Christen Staat.
3. Cf. non est mortale quod opto, the other life-motto of Salomo Franck, and Z. P. Ambrose in BACH (1982), pp. 20-22.
4. I.e., in heaven.
5. For the ameliorative metamorphosis with paronomasia, a favorite technique of Franck, see BWV 21/10 and BWV 146/footnote 2.
© Copyright Z. Philip Ambrose