BWV 19 Es erhub sich ein Streit
St. Michael and All Angels.
Poet unknown, a revision of verses 1, 3, 6, and 7 of a Michaelmas poem in Picander's Sammlung Erbaulicher Gedancken (Leipzig, 1724/25); Facs: Neumann T, p. 309.
1-2. based upon Rev. 12:7-9; 3. verse 3 of Picander with the chorale melody "Herzlich lieb hab ich dich, o Herr, (cf. BWV 174/5); 4. based on verse 4 of Picander; 5. based on the end of verse 6 of Picander and on Ps. 34:8, 91:11-13, and 116:8; 6. lines 1-4 of verse 6 and reminiscences of verse 7 of Picander; 7. verse 9 of "Freu dich sehr, o meine Seele," Freiburg, 1620 (Fischer-Tümpel, I, #573).
29 September 1726, Leipzig.
BG 2; NBA I/30.
1. Chorus (S, A, T, B)
There arose a great strife.
Now storms against heaven with passionate vengeance.
But Saint Michael wins the day,
And the host which follows him
Strikes down Satan's cruel might.
2. Recit. (B)
Praise God! The dragon's low.
3. Aria (S)
God sends us Mahanaim here;(1)
4. Recit. (T)
What is, then, scornful man, that child of earth?
5. Aria (T) with instr. chorale(3)
Stay, ye angels, stay by me!
That my foot may never stumble!
But instruct me here as well
How to sing your mighty "Holy"
And the Most High thanks to offer.
6. Recit. (S)
Let us the countenance
7. Chorale (S, A, T, B)
Let thine angel with me travel
1. Cf. Gen. 32:2. Hebrew Mahanaim means 'two hosts' or 'two camps.'
2. Cf. Ps. 34:8 and 2 Cor. 2:11.
Dürr, p. 774, says that the more knowledgeable members of
the congregation, in hearing this melody, would have thought of verse 3
of the hymn: "Ach Herr, laß dein lieb Engelein am letzten End die
Seele mein in Abrahams Schoß tragen" ("Ah Lord, allow thine angel
dear at the last day to carry this soul of mine to Abraham's bosom").
© Copyright Z. Philip Ambrose