University of Vermont


College of Education and Social Services
Biological Sciences Major
(Secondary Education)

The Secondary Education Biological Sciences major includes the list of specific Biology requirements and the Supplemental courses that are required for completion of the Biology major leading to a Science endorsement.

Students may not use more than 14 credits at the "less than 100 level" toward the Biology endorsement. Since BIOL 001 and 002 total 8 credits, this means that 6 credits remain.

All students completing the Biological Sciences major must complete one course in the Evolution category.

Biology Requirements

34 cr. hrs.
Complete the following courses
BIOL 001 Principles of Biology I
BIOL 002 Principles of Biology II
Select at least 26 hours from 6 of the following 8 areas
BIOL 209 Field Zoology
BIOL 217 Mammalogy
BIOL 268 Medical Entomology
WFB 131 Field Ornithology
WFB 161 Fisheries Biology and Management
PBIO 108 Morphology and Evolution of Vascular Plants*
PBIO 109 Plant Systematics
PBIO 213 Plant Communities
PBIO 232 Botany Field Trip
BIOL 003 Human Biology
BIOL 004 The Human Body
BIOL 225 Physiological Ecology
BIOL 255 Comparative Physiology
PBIO 104 Plant Physiology**
BCOR 102 Ecology and Evolution
BIOL 238 Winter Ecology
BIOL 246 Ecological Parasitology
BIOL 264 Community Ecology
BIOL 269 Plant Animal Interactions
PBIO 234 Ecology of Freshwater Algae
FOR 120 Forest Ecology
BCOR 101 Genetics
BIOL 204/205 Advanced Genetics Lab
BIOL 254 Population Genetics
BIOL 263 Genetics of Cell Cycle Regulation
MMG 065 Microbiology and Pathogenesis
MMG 220 Environmental Microbiology
Cell Biology
BCOR 103 Molecular and Cell Biology
BIOL 106 Cell Structure and Function
BIOL 212 Comparative Histology
BIOL 223 Developmental Biology
BIOL 261 Neurobiology
BIOL 295 Advanced Cell Biology
CHEM 205 Biochemistry
BIOL 006 Evolutionary Biology
BIOL 270 Speciation and Phylogeny
BIOL 271 Evolution
BIOL 277 Sociobiology
Supplemental Science Courses Minimum
12 crs. hrs.
Earth Science
Additional course in Chemistry, Earth Science or Physics if needed to reach total of 12 credits.
Minimum Total 46 cr. hrs.

* This course can also count in the evolution category.
**This course can also be counted in the botany category.

Mathematics prerequisites are required in addition to the 46 credits indicated above and must include precalculus. This requirement can be fulfilled by taking one of the following courses: MATH 010-Precalculus Mathematics or MATH 019-Fundamentals of Calculus I.

Students should check prerequisites for all courses before enrolling. Careful curriculum planning with Professor Joseph Schall (656-0448) and/or Professor Jim Vigoreaux (656-4627) in the Biology Department is strongly urged.

PRAXIS II Statement
Students completing Secondary Education Science (Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, Physics) majors must currently meet the passing scores set for the:

  • General Science PRAXIS II exam and
  • Specific science exam (Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, Physics)
Passing scores in these PRAXIS II exams are required for licensure in VT.

Revised Summer 2010

Last modified April 04 2012 11:54 AM