University of Vermont

The Center on Disability and Community Inclusion (CDCI)

Paraeducator Support:



Haas, E.M. (1996). Necessity: The mother of intention: A parent's recommendation for the preparation and use of speech-language paraprofessionals in education settings. Journal of Children's Communication Development, 18(1), 111-114.


This article describes the experiences and perspectives of one mother of a 12-year old daughter who is "medically fragile" and has "profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. After describing her daughter's medical history, the author describes her daughter's educational program (which is primarily homebound in rural regions of the country), and the family's experiences with speech-language paraprofessionals. She discusses her own experiences providing unpaid speech-language paraprofessional services to her daughter as well her experience as a consumer of speech-language paraprofessional services. Given appropriate selection and training, the author advocates for the use of speech-language paraprofessionals as an appropriate option for serving homebound students with severe medical complications.

Summarized by: Michael Giangreco, August 2004

Last modified February 14 2008 11:23 AM

Contact UVM © 2018 The University of Vermont - Burlington, VT 05405 - (802) 656-3131