University of Vermont

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Pharmacists have completed a 4-year graduate program granting them a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree.  While programs may vary in curricula, they share six common areas of study: pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacognosy (the nature and sources of naturally-derived drugs), pharmacology, business management, pharmacy practice, and clinical training.  Pending their career interests and goals, some graduates complete residency training.

In practice, pharmacists are medication experts who dispense prescription drugs, educate patients about their medications, and advise practitioners on drug therapy decisions, including selection, dosage, side effects and interactions.  The majority of pharmacists work in a community-based drugstore, while others work in hospitals, nursing homes and health clinics.  Pharmacists may also work for pharmaceutical or health insurance companies, the armed services, or universities, where they teach and conduct research.  Some pharmacists seek specialization, such as oncology, nuclear pharmacy and psychopharmacotherapy.  Read More


Pre-requisite coursework does vary from program to program, so students are encouraged to review school-specific requirements.  Consult the Pharmacy School Admission Requirements (PSAR) guide, available online at the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy website.

Required and Recommended Course Work



1 to 2 semesters with lab
Some programs may also require Microbiology

BIOL 1 & 2 OR

BCOR 11 & 12
MMG 101


2 semesters of inorganic chemistry with lab and 
2 semesters of organic chemistry with lab

CHEM 31 & 32 
(35 & 36 for majors) CHEM 141 & 142

(143 &144 for majors)


1 semester

BIOC 295A for non-majors



1 to 2 semesters with lab

PHYS 11 with 21 (lab) &
PHYS 12 with 22 (lab)

(51 & 152 for majors)




1 to 2 semesters

Choose writing intensive courses, i.e. ENG 1, 6, 50, 57, etc.

Some TAP and Honors College Seminars may fulfill the requirement.



1 semester of calculus
1 semester of statistics

MATH 21 (for majors or AP)

STAT 141 - optimal
STAT 111 - acceptable
Statistics-heavy courses in other disciplines may be sufficient, i.e. PSYS 54.

Anatomy & Physiology

1 semester

ANPS 19 & 20

Additional Requirements


Psychology and/or Sociology

Public Speaking

Economics – macro or micro



EC 11 or 12

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Pursue relevant experience to test and inform your career goals.  Consider working or interning at a pharmacy in your community as a pharmacy technician.  Check state-specific certification requirements; in many cases technicians are trained on the job.  Alternatively, you may volunteer in a hospital, nursing home or community clinic.  Consult faculty or the Office of Undergraduate Research (OUR) regarding relevant research opportunities on campus, or seek an internship with a pharmaceutical company.  Community volunteering can be a very effective way to develop your interpersonal and communication skills, and demonstrate your interest in a service-oriented profession.

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The PCAT is a computer-based exam comprised of 5 mulitple-choice sub-tests and 2 essays.  The sub-tests are Verbal Ability, Biology, Chemistry, Reading Comprehension and Quantitative Ability. 

The PCAT is administered at Pearson VUE Test Centers on one or more days in July, September and January.  Alternative dates may be offered.  Plan to register for the test a good 3 to 5 months prior to your intended test date during the standard registration and scheduling period.  The PCAT should be taken after completion of the required and recommended science coursework.  Preparation should include timed practice tests, which can be purchased online. 

Note: Some schools may instead require the GRE.  Check school-specific requirements. 

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Most pharmacy programs subscribe to the centralized application service, PharmCAS. Candidates initiate application to member schools through this online service. Some schools may also require a supplemental (or secondary) school-specific application. Candidates should apply to non-member schools directly.

PharmCAS will accept up to four letters of recommendation. Check school-specific policies, as some schools prefer that letters be sent directly to them. At minimum, you should have at least one letter each from a science professor and healthcare professional, ideally a pharmacist. Choose reference providers who know you well and will support your candidacy with enthusiasm.

The application cycle begins in June and closes in April. Early Decision Application is due at the beginning of September.
School-specific deadlines begin November 1st. As with most of the professional health science programs, early application is strongly encouraged.

Find a Program 

Apply to Programs via PharmCAS

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Last modified September 07 2017 10:45 AM