geese photo by Krista Cheney, link to home page

Emergency Preparedness—
Foreign Animal Disease Emergency Response


Government Emergency Response Plan
Vermont Emergency Response Plan
Farm Emergency Response Plan

Government Emergency Response Plan

If a foreign animal disease such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) or other type of animal health emergency are identified in the United States, industry and government are prepared to work together to respond quickly and in a coordinated, responsible manner. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has developed National Animal Health Emergency Management System (NAHEMS) Guidelines to assist emergency preparedness outside the federal government.

An emergency response will have the following components:

The state-based, nationally coordinated Animal Emergency Response Organization (AERO) has developed an emergency management approach based on the Incident Command System (ICS). The ICS was first developed to coordinate firefighting efforts at forest fires. It has been adapted for use in managing all sorts of hazards and risks. The ICS assigns roles to each agency or person involved in responding and establishes their lines of command.

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Vermont Emergency Response Plan

In Vermont, the Emergency Management System coordinates the responses of many entities. A partial listing of organizations and their responsibilities follows:

The Vermont state level entities will work collaboratively with the following federal response organizations:

Industry partners also have roles to play in an emergency response and will be called on to communicate with their constituencies and support State and National response efforts.

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Farm Emergency Response Plan

Farms are encouraged to have their own Emergency Response and Security Team at each location they operate. The team will be called upon to assist other emergency management personnel in enforcing biosecurity protocols. Whether dealing with an outbreak of disease, contamination of feed or milk, or a suspicious intruder, the team should know what authorities to notify, how to secure the premises, and how to quarantine the area involved.

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