University of Vermont

Healthy Farms - Healthy Agriculture

Manure Handling goat photo by Krista Cheney, link to home page

General Farm Biosecurity Practices—
Manure Handling

Many infectious agents pass in feces or urine of infected animals. To reduce the risk of spreading disease via manure, prevent contamination of feed and water, and clean resting areas daily.

manure storage photo by Tim McCabe, USDA Natural Resources Conservation ServicePhoto: Tim McCabe, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

  • Plan and install a manure system to prevent environmental contamination and comply with Vermont's Accepted Agricultural Practices.
  • Maintain clean water troughs, water bowls, and feed mangers.
  • Use a separate skid steer or loader bucket for manure and feed operations.
  • Use separate shovels and forks for feeding and manure handling.
  • Compost or store manure under conditions that destroy most disease-producing bacteria.
  • Remove manure frequently from barns, yards, and holding areas to prevent completion of life cycles by intestinal parasites and flies.
  • Control the fly population. Methods include flypaper, parasitic wasps, and insecticides.
  • Store manure so it is inaccessible to livestock, especially youngstock.
  • Prevent runoff of adult manure to youngstock rearing areas or contamination of feed fed to young animals. This is especially important for Johne's control.
  • Do not feed refusals from older animals to youngstock.
  • Keep dogs and cats out of feeding areas.
  • Clean teats and udders of livestock immediately before or after parturition (birthing) so nursing young will not ingest manure if birth is unattended.
  • Remove young from dam as soon as possible (i.e. before a dairy calf or kid nurses).
  • Clean maternity areas between births.

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Last modified October 06 2010 09:15 PM

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