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313A Aiken Center
Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources
University of Vermont
81 Carrigan Drive
Burlington, VT 05404
Robert Manning is Professor in the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of Vermont, where he teaches the history, philosophy, and management of parks and related areas and conducts a program of research for the U.S. National Park Service and related agencies. He is also Director of the university's Park Studies Laboratory. Dr. Manning has spent four year-long sabbatical leaves with the U.S. National Park Service at Grand Canyon National Park, Yosemite National Park, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, and the headquarters office in Washington, DC. He is the author of several books, including Studies in Outdoor Recreation: Search and Research for Satisfaction (2nd Edition) (Oregon State University Press), Parks and Carrying Capacity: Commons without Tragedy (Island Press), and Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park (University Press of New England).
Ph.D. Resource Conservation, Michigan State University
M.S. Parks and Outdoor Recreation, Michigan State University
B.S. Biology, Washington College (Maryland)
Parks and protected areas, Outdoor recreation, Carrying capacity, Environmental history and philosophy
Hallo, J. and R. Manning. 2009. Analysis of Social Carrying Capacity of a National Park Scenic Road. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation 4: 75-94.
Krymkowski, D., R. Manning, and W. Valliere. 2009. Norm Crystallization: Measurement and Comparative Analysis. Leisure Sciences 31: 403-416.
Manning, R. 2009. Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England.
Manning, R., S. Lawson, and W. Valliere. 2009. Multiple Manifestations of Crowding in Outdoor Recreation: A Study of the Relative Importance of Crowding-Related Indicators of Quality Using Indifference Curve Analysis. Leisure 33: 1-22.
Manning, R. 2007. Parks and Carrying Capacity: Commons without Tragedy. Washington, DC: Island Press.