University of Vermont

Gillian Galford

Gillian Galford

Research Assistant Professor / Gund Institute for Ecological Economics

Phone: 802-656-2906
Office: Johnson House, 617 Main Street
Gund profile:
Vermont Climate Assessment:

Areas of Interest

Land-cover and land-use change, ecosystems ecology, biogeochemistry, nitrogen and carbon storage and cycling, remote sensing, ecosystems modeling, environmental sustainability

Gillian Galford is an earth systems scientist interested in land-cover and land-use change in the tropics and its impacts on ecosystems services, particularly carbon and nitrogen fluxes. She has used remote sensing and ecosystems modeling to estimate historical and future greenhouse gas emissions. She has worked on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a range of settings, from the large-scale soybean farms of Mato Grosso, Brazil, to small-holder agricultural systems of Malawi and East Africa undergoing the 21st century African Green Revolution.

In addition to these research projects, Gillian is the lead author of the Vermont Climate Assessment and teaches courses at the Gund Institute. Previously, she was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Earth Institute of Columbia University.

Instructional Programs

Environmental Sciences
Natural Resources


Ph.D. 2010 Brown University and MBL Joint Graduate Program in Biological & Environmental Sciences (biogeochemistry of land-use changes)
B.A. 2004 Washington University in St. Louis, Earth & Planetary Sciences; Environmental Studies

Selected Publications

Macedo, M.N., R.S. DeFries, D.C. Morton, C.M. Stickler, G.L. Galford, Y.E. Shimabukuro (2012). Decoupling of deforestation and soy production in the southern Amazon during the late 2000s. PNAS.

Galford, G.L., J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, J.F. Mustard, T.W. Cronin, C.E.P. Cerri, C.C. Cerri (2011). Carbon emissions and uptake from 105 years of land-cover and land-use change at the agricultural frontier of the Brazilian Amazon. Ecological Applications.

Galford, G.L., J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, T.W. Cronin, C.E.P. Cerri, J.F. Mustard, C.C. Cerri (2010). Estimating greenhouse gas emissions from land-cover and land-use change: Future scenarios of deforestation and agricultural management. PNAS 107:19649-19654.

Galford, G.L., J.M. Melillo, J.F. Mustard, C.E.P. Cerri, C.C. Cerri (2010). The Amazon frontier of land-use change: croplands and consequences for greenhouse gas emissions. Earth Interactions 14:14

Galford, G.L., J.F. Mustard, J. Melillo, A. Gendrin, C.C. Cerri, C.E.P. Cerri (2008). Wavelet analysis of MODIS time series to detect expansion and intensification of row-crop agriculture in Brazil. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112:576-587.