University of Vermont Extension
Department of Plant and Soil Science
SCALD AND OTHER NOVEMBER GARDENING TIPS
Leonard Perry, UVM Extension
sun scald on trees, protecting roses, and proper mulching are some
gardening tips for this month.
prevent sun scald and frost cracking on young, thin-barked trees,
maples, wrap the trunks with tree wrap or paint the south- and
sides of the trunk with white, outdoor, latex paint. This will
warming rays of the sun so the tree bark doesn't heat up on winter
days, only to
be suddenly cooled when the sun sets and the temperature plummets.
sure evergreens have a good deep watering before the ground freezes
they continue to respire, albeit slowly, during the winter. Protect
evergreens from wind damage during winter by wrapping them in
burlap. If you
use wooden protectors, it's not too soon to bring them out.
the ground begins to freeze and you have consistent temperatures in
the low 20s
(F), it's time to protect modern hybrid roses from winter's wind and
simplest method is to mound bark mulch around the base of the rose
compost is less attractive to field mice), covering the graft union
swollen part of the stem near the ground). The mound should be about
tall. Wait until spring to cut back the canes above the mound.
soil invites weeds. Cover empty beds in your vegetable garden with a
straw or shredded leaves. This will help keep hardy weeds from
taking over. In
the spring, you may be able to plant
directly through the mulch without the need for tilling.
Christmas cactus develops buds when night temperatures are 55 to 60
(F). If nights are warmer, place your plant where it receives no
about 5 p.m. to 8 a.m. (such as in a closet) for 30 days. Move the
plant to a
sunny location during the day. Don’t forget it!
time to bring hoses inside or drain them if you leave them outside.
ground is frozen, the water in your outdoor hoses will be too. If
them into a garage where they can warm up enough for the ice to
melt. Then coil
them and store for the winter. Avoid hanging them on a hook, which
the ground freezes, it's time to mulch tender perennials, newly
and shrubs, roses, and other plants that need protection. Use straw,
compost, evergreen boughs, leaves (except for maple which easily
chips, or whatever else may be available locally that doesn't mat
much. If burrowing rodents are a potential problem, leave a 2-inch
the mulch and tree trunks so the critters can't feed under cover all
and clay pots left outside can crack when the soil inside freezes
Empty them and bring them into a shed, garage, or basement for
bring in ceramic birdbaths and statuary.
If too large to move, empty and cover with a tarp.
your birdbath is within an extension cord's reach of your outdoor
can provide drinking water for winter birds by using a birdbath
keeps the water slightly above freezing. Just be sure you don't run
cord with your snow blower.
(Charlie Nardozzi is a nationally known horticulturist,
author, gardening consultant, and garden coach; CharlieNardozzi.com).